OGD for Culture and Art

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A presentation guiding a workshop given to the City of Vienna on releasing Open Governemnt Data and the benefits for culture and art.

A presentation guiding a workshop given to the City of Vienna on releasing Open Governemnt Data and the benefits for culture and art.

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  • 1. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Art, Culture and Open Data http://blogs.plos.org/attheinterface/files/2012/12/phil_archer_three_flames_cropped_small.jpg © 2012 Phil Archer
  • 2. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 2 www.donau-uni.ac.at Who we are • Center for E-Governance, Danube University Krems • Advanced training towards MSc & MBA in Management & IT • Research on the Intersection of – IT-Usage – Government Processes and Procedures – Citizens
  • 3. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 3 www.donau-uni.ac.at Our Projects • Austrian Chancellery – Project Group eDemocracy and workplace of the future – round table public sector register architecture – Open Data Applications for Austria – Development of Open Government Data Standards • Ministry of Finance – Re-occuring jour fixe with IT-department • City of Vienna – Study on the implementation of the Open Government strategy – Support on Open Data projects
  • 4. http://data.wien.gv.at/katalog/
  • 5. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 5 What you can expect 1. Importance, Benefits, Potentials, Costs & Risks of Open Government Data 2. Examples of successful OGD-Initiatives and Applications of OGD in Art and Culture 3. Importance of „Culture“ for the City of Vienna 4. Identification of Open Government Data Sets
  • 6. Benefits | Costs Potentials | Risks1.
  • 7. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 7 www.donau-uni.ac.at Demand of Open Govt. Data (UK) http://www.deloitte.com/assets/Dcom-UnitedKingdom/Local%20Assets/Documents/Market%20insights/Deloitte%20Analytics/uk-da-open-growth.pdf, p.5
  • 8. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 8 www.donau-uni.ac.at Benefits and Potentials • Transparency, Participation, Trust • Additional resource for economic development • Future: increased tax income?
  • 9. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 9 www.donau-uni.ac.at Benefits and Potentials - for Vienna • Show-casing the various fields of work of administration • Improved trans-departmental communication (out of silo-thinking and acting) • Reduction of administrative efforts
  • 10. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 10 www.donau-uni.ac.at Benefits and Potentials for Vienna as a well-known cultural metropole • Open Government Data stimulates creativity „fully realize public art's potential to get people engaged with ideas, community, history and culture — to appreciate those things, communicate with others about it, make it relevant” • Engaging the public in cultural policy setting • Improived inclusion of cultural agents and artists in cultural adminsitration.
  • 11. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 11 www.donau-uni.ac.at Costs • Open Government Data is an infrastructure measure • Organizational costs: changed responsibilities and new required channels of collaboration between public sector departments • Technical costs: adaption of data formats – Provision of Interfaces and APIs – Adherence to promised update cycles may require the adaption of IT processes
  • 12. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 12 www.donau-uni.ac.at Risks • For the Administration – Lose of Control (interpretational power) – fear of consequences due to erroneous data sets – Licensing and liability • For the citizenry – Threat to established business models – Consolidation of the digital divide
  • 13. Administration Citizenry • Increased IT-automation • Improved, department-spanning communication & collaboration • Inclusion of external stakeholders • More efficient administrative procedures • Exhibition of administrative actions and responsibilities • Encouragement to creativity and self-determination • New products and diversity Open Data Forces DataData Economy Citizens …
  • 14. Adminsitration & Public Open Data Forces DataData Data Novel Products and Services
  • 15. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 15 www.donau-uni.ac.at Forces of Power • Administration gives Data o the Public – Data about events – Sold tickets and attendants – Web site statistics – Funding • The public delivers answers – At which time get the most tickets sold? – Which parts of a web site attract the most visitors? – Who (age, gender) is provided the highest amounts funding?
  • 16. © Aaron Koblin, http://www.aaronkoblin.com/work/NYTE/index.html Examples2.
  • 17. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 17 www.donau-uni.ac.at Demand for data sets about art and culture Generates 10% demand out of 4% supply  High demand * 2013-07-17: http://opengov.es, 440 Datenätze, 17 Bereich „cultura“
  • 18. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 18 www.donau-uni.ac.at Art in Context of Open Data Some people look at the abundance of urban data out there and see an academic research paper. Others maybe see a table or a graph or a chart.
  • 19. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 19 www.donau-uni.ac.at Art in Context of Open Data Far more interesting would be getting the rest of our cultural output into indexable, searchable form, usable by any coder with a yen to explore. This lifting of art into the cloud would be a heavenly act indeed, enabling a new generation of New Curators. http://www.guardian.co.uk/culture-professionals-network/culture-professionals-blog/2012/apr/27/data-culture-curation-open-art
  • 20. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 20 www.donau-uni.ac.at Terms & procedures for Art & Open Data • Generative Art – Create art of data based on algorithms http://generative.net/read/home • Curate – Adapt existing data in a way to be useful in unknown but interoperable applications. – Connect, share, mash – http://www.dataportability.org/ • Tagging – Adding meta data to existing entities – Tools for Texts: http://annotateit.org/, http://textusproject.org/ – Tools for Images: http://wordpress.org/plugins/wp-mediatagger/, http://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Extension:Semantic_Image_Annotator
  • 21. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 21 www.donau-uni.ac.at Tagging http://tagger.thepcf.org.uk http://www.bbc.co.uk/arts/yourpaintings Your Paintings Tagger is part of a project run by the Public Catalogue Foundation and the BBC to put all 200,000 publicly owned oil paintings online on the Your Paintings website.
  • 22. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 22 www.donau-uni.ac.at Tagging OKFN: http://beta.openphilosophy.org, http://www.opensourceshakespeare.org/
  • 23. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 23 www.donau-uni.ac.at Mapmaker, Artist, or Programmer? • Locals and Tourists: Geotagging • Pictures from Flickr and Picasa • Where do people take pictures? • http://www.flickr.com/phot os/walkingsf/sets/7215762 4209158632/ • Example: Vienna
  • 24. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 24 www.donau-uni.ac.at Digital/interactive art • Colour by numbers Stockholm: mobile phone as remote control • Collaboration: Interactive design, architecture and art (Loove Broms, Milo Lavén Erik Krikortz)
  • 25. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 25 www.donau-uni.ac.at Data used for art • Aaron Koblin: Flight patterns http://www.aaronkoblin.com/work/flightpatterns/index.html • Awards/Festivals: National Science Foundation: 1st Science Visualization; Japan Media Arts Festival; Ars Electronica; SIGGRAPH; Coachella; Golden Horse Taiwan; iDat Singapore; Media Art Fiesland; Boston Cyber Arts; TED; MediaMatic; Todays Art • Data used: FAA, 1 day of August 2008, 205.000 flights
  • 26. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 26 www.donau-uni.ac.at Project Open Cultuur Data Competition (Dänemark) • Cultural Open Data challenge – http://www.opencultuurdata.nl/competition/ • Data sets of Museums and the art scene • Application via mailing list and twitter • Winner: Muse App: Creative web tool for museums – Remix of well know art – User share „their“ artpiece on social networks • Museumsquiz Rijks Museum
  • 27. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 27 www.donau-uni.ac.at Data Art / Application: Immersion https://immersion.media.mit.edu/demo E-Mail analysis: Who is having contact with whom and which intensity
  • 28. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 28 www.donau-uni.ac.at Mapping Art (1) • Philadelphia: Muralapp • Cooperation with Philadelphia Mural Arts Program, Code for America (CfA) • Integration of Foursquare • Over 3.000 wall paintings in the city (Bay Area) • „Public art can tell you the fabric of the city — it tells you about history and people, it engages and informs at the same time.” • Use in different cities: Portland, Philadelphia, Boston, San Francisco, Honolulu, Norfolk
  • 29. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 29 www.donau-uni.ac.at Mapping Art (2): PublicArtPDX • Depicts public art in Portland, Oregon, USA • Cooperation between Regional Arts & Culture Council, the City of Portland’s Bureau of Technology Services and public servants. • Open Data as part of Civic Apps Challenge http://www.civicapps.org/ • More than 400 metro artefacts (historic statues, fountains, pictures, wall paintings); Details of the artists • “Discover art you never knew about tucked inside public buildings, such as fire stations” (…) “Adjust the precise location of works of art to help us improve the map for everyone”
  • 30. CarbonArts Sydney
  • 31. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 31 www.donau-uni.ac.at Project / Sensing Sydney (Australia) • Environment data marriaged with art – http://www.carbonarts.org/projects/sensing-sydney- public-art-commission/ • Joint project of the City of Sydney with Carbon Arts – Carbon Arts: Joint venture of sustainability experts and artists – Supported by ANAT (Australian Network for Arts and Technology) & ISEA2013 (International Symposium on Electronic Art)
  • 32. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 32 www.donau-uni.ac.at Project / Sensing Sydney (Australien) (ctd.) • Means & Processes – Website http://sensingsydney.com/ – Data as Download and via Google Spreadsheet • Data used – Museum of Contemporary Art – Sydney Theatre Company – Green Buildings Alive – NSW Government’s Energy Efficiency for Small Business Program – Results of domestic energy usage by One Million Women
  • 33. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 33 www.donau-uni.ac.at Sensing Sydney • The Project Phases 1. Data collection and provision through the supporting organizations 2. Call for collaboration: Project submission through the web site, event at the International Symposium on Electronic Art Data Slam 3. Winner awarded during Art & About Sydney 2013-Festivals • Reports on Twitter, Facebook & media channels of supporting organizations and events
  • 34. CC Niall Kenedy, http://www.flickr.com/photos/35034351734@N01/40727794 Digression - Community management principles 2a.
  • 35. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 35 www.donau-uni.ac.at Community - Engagement 1. Define Strategy and Content 2. Build your Community • Bundle social media activities • Measure performance and outcome of activities 3. Expose a public issue tracker 4. Support after selling of community build solutions Don‘t create your community but go where birds of feather flock together
  • 36. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 36 www.donau-uni.ac.at Community - Management The Success of an Open Government Data portal is crucially dependent on community management 1. Clear Strategy 2. Measurable goals 3. Honor your community: listen, appreciate, solve, honor 4. Champion the Champions
  • 37. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 37 www.donau-uni.ac.at Community Management / Principles 1. Support community self-management 2. Social is for sharing, not selling
  • 38. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 38 www.donau-uni.ac.at Tools for Community – Management / Focus on Art 1. Find your peers – Tessitura: Global Art Netzwork – DeviantART: Social Netzwork for Artists, 27 Millionen registerd users 2. Community management – Nationbuilder: Integrated community management- system with a focus on public administration
  • 39. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 39 www.donau-uni.ac.at Tools für Community – Management / Focus on Art 3. Support solution building and after sale – Blackbaud, The Raiser’s Edge: Fundraising und donor- Management – Kickstarter: Call for venture capital on creative projects via crowd funding – Gittip: spend regularly small amounts of money to people you aspire
  • 40. The value of culture for Vienna 3.
  • 41. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 41 www.donau-uni.ac.at Tourism in Austria Tourismus-Satellitenkonto (TSA) 2010 2011 2012 Direkte Wertschöpfungseffekte des Tourismus in Mio. € 15.181 16.637 17.014 Anteil am BIP in % 5,4 5,5 5,5 Gesamtausgaben in- und ausländischer Besucher in Mio. € 29.534 30.586 31.456 Direkte Beschäftigungsverhältnisse im Tourismus (in 1.000) 312 315 - Quelle: Statistik Austria, http://www.statistik.at/web_de/statistiken/tourismus/index.html abgerufen am 2013-07-17
  • 42. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 42 www.donau-uni.ac.at Value of Tourism for Vienna http://www.austriatourism.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/2013e_staedtetourismus-2012.pdf
  • 43. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 43 www.donau-uni.ac.at Value of Tourism for Vienna http://www.austriatourism.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/2013e_staedtetourismus-2012.pdf
  • 44. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 45 www.donau-uni.ac.at Value of Culture for Vienna Quelle: Die wirtschaftliche Bedeutung von Kultur und Creative Industries: Wien im Städtevergleich mit Barcelona, Berlin, London, Mailand und Paris. Studie i.A MA 27 Österreichische Kulturdokumentation (Eva Häfele et.al, 2005) http://www.kulturdokumentation.org/download/ci_vergleich_wien.pdf
  • 45. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 46 www.donau-uni.ac.at Art and Creative Industries Knapp die Hälfte des Umsatzes der Kreativwirtschaft entfällt auf die Materialaufwendungen inkl. Fremdleistungen http://www.creativwirtschaft.at/document/zweiterKW_Bericht_1_.pdf
  • 46. Identify Your Data 4.
  • 47. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 48 www.donau-uni.ac.at Where is my data? Hints for identification • Derive data sources from existing administrative publications • Annual performance reports • Internal and public facing applications – Ask the IT-Department! • Press releases • Web site
  • 48. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. This presentation was supported by a grant from the City of Vienna