0
Danube University Krems.
The University for Continuing Education.
Smart
+ Smart REGIONS!
Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 2
www.donau-uni.ac.at
Who we are
• Center ...
Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 3
www.donau-uni.ac.at
Our Projects
• Austr...
1. FACTS
Cities
give home to +50% of
Mankind
www.donau-uni.ac.at
23.-24. September | 2013 | Page 6
3rd Danube eRegion Conference – DeRC 2013
Department for E-Governanc...
Cities
are a melting-pot of
Growth & Innovation
www.donau-uni.ac.at
23.-24. September | 2013 | Page 8
3rd Danube eRegion Conference – DeRC 2013
Department for E-Governanc...
Cities
require us to redefine
Imagination & Reality
Babylon
Atlantis
Metropolis
www.donau-uni.ac.at
23.-24. September | 2013 | Page 13
3rd Danube eRegion Conference – DeRC 2013
Department for E-Governan...
2. Claims
www.donau-uni.ac.at
23.-24. September | 2013 | Page 15
3rd Danube eRegion Conference – DeRC 2013
Department for E-Governan...
In other words ….
There is no Smart City without a Smart Region ecosystem
Vienna
Ljubljana
Budapest
Bucuresti
Danube eRegi...
“Data is the Oil of the 21st Century”
Neelie Kroes, EU Commissioner responsible for the Digital Agenda
(without pollution ...
www.donau-uni.ac.at
23.-24. September | 2013 | Page 18
3rd Danube eRegion Conference – DeRC 2013
Department for E-Governan...
Wait – Plan – Build – Hope
The traditional approach
The new approach
Consulate – Integrate – Co-create – Innovate
Imagecourtesyhttp://lifeinperpetualbeta.melissapierce.com/li...
The quadruple Helix
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/01/23/quadruple-helix-dna_n_2527882.html
http://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/about-open-innovation
… with ubiqituous data all around
3. Open
Government
Data
www.donau-uni.ac.at
23.-24. September | 2013 | Page 25
3rd Danube eRegion Conference – DeRC 2013
Department for E-Governan...
www.donau-uni.ac.at
23.-24. September | 2013 | Page 26
3rd Danube eRegion Conference – DeRC 2013
Department for E-Governan...
Austrian Federal Law as Open Government Data
http://data.gv.at/datensatz/?id=31430a9f-c8ba-4654-ab68-c9c3dff0361b
7
Applications
making use of it
• Citizen
empowerment
• “Unpaid work”
Real-time public transport Linz
http://data.linz.gv.at/daten/LinzAGLinien/index.html?ckan_name=elektronische-fahrplanausku...
3Applications
www.donau-uni.ac.at
23.-24. September | 2013 | Page 31
3rd Danube eRegion Conference – DeRC 2013
Department for E-Governan...
www.donau-uni.ac.at
23.-24. September | 2013 | Page 32
3rd Danube eRegion Conference – DeRC 2013
Department for E-Governan...
www.donau-uni.ac.at
23.-24. September | 2013 | Page 33
3rd Danube eRegion Conference – DeRC 2013
Department for E-Governan...
www.donau-uni.ac.at
23.-24. September | 2013 | Page 34
3rd Danube eRegion Conference – DeRC 2013
Department for E-Governan...
data.eu
Cities Federal States Ministries
Further
Potential
Companies
Society &
Individuals
data.gv.at
Interoperability her...
www.donau-uni.ac.at
23.-24. September | 2013 | Page 36
3rd Danube eRegion Conference – DeRC 2013
Department for E-Governan...
www.donau-uni.ac.at
23.-24. September | 2013 | Page 37
3rd Danube eRegion Conference – DeRC 2013
Department for E-Governan...
Deadline for the submission of papers,
workshop proposals, reflections:
6. December 2013
Notification of acceptance
7. Feb...
http://www.slideshare.net/jhoechtl/
https://www.facebook.com/myprivate42
http://at.linkedin.com/in/johannhoechtl/
Johann H...
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Smart Cities, Smart Regions and the Role of Open Data

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Transcript of "Smart Cities, Smart Regions and the Role of Open Data"

  1. 1. Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. Smart + Smart REGIONS!
  2. 2. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 2 www.donau-uni.ac.at Who we are • Center for E-Governance, Danube University Krems • Advanced training towards MSc & MBA in Management & IT • Research on the Intersection of – IT-Usage – Government Processes and Procedures – Citizens
  3. 3. Donau-Universität Krems. Die Universität für Weiterbildung. Juli | 2013 | Seite 3 www.donau-uni.ac.at Our Projects • Austrian Chancellery – Project Group eDemocracy and workplace of the future – Round table Public Sector Register Architecture – Open Data Applications for Austria – Development of Open Government Data Standards • Ministry of Finance – Re-occuring jour fixe with IT-department • City of Vienna – Study on the implementation of the Open Government strategy – Support on Open Data projects
  4. 4. 1. FACTS
  5. 5. Cities give home to +50% of Mankind
  6. 6. www.donau-uni.ac.at 23.-24. September | 2013 | Page 6 3rd Danube eRegion Conference – DeRC 2013 Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. FACTS • As of ~ 2009, more than 50% of world’s population is living in cities • Until 2050, this will rise to 75% http://www.mckinsey.com/insights/economic_studies/global_cities_of_the_future_an_interactive_map
  7. 7. Cities are a melting-pot of Growth & Innovation
  8. 8. www.donau-uni.ac.at 23.-24. September | 2013 | Page 8 3rd Danube eRegion Conference – DeRC 2013 Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. FACTS • In 2020, 600 cities will account for 65% of BNP • 80% of national BNP is generated in cities (in developed countries) • “Compactness” allows higher efficiency http://knowledge.insead.edu/economics-politics/cities-of-the-future-2484 http://www.unhabitat.org/cdrom/docs/wuf1.pdf
  9. 9. Cities require us to redefine Imagination & Reality
  10. 10. Babylon
  11. 11. Atlantis
  12. 12. Metropolis
  13. 13. www.donau-uni.ac.at 23.-24. September | 2013 | Page 13 3rd Danube eRegion Conference – DeRC 2013 Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. • Still of the night? • Green fields? •  Redefine “Reality”
  14. 14. 2. Claims
  15. 15. www.donau-uni.ac.at 23.-24. September | 2013 | Page 15 3rd Danube eRegion Conference – DeRC 2013 Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. CLAIMS Urban areas contribute disproportionally to national productivity. However, the structural productivity of cities will at least in part rest upon an efficient supply of serviced land and reliable infrastructure, including transport, power, water and sanitation as well as information & communication technologies. “ UN Habitat Report State of the World's Cities 2012/2013, p. xiv http://www.unhabitat.org/pmss/listItemDetails.aspx?publicationID=3387
  16. 16. In other words …. There is no Smart City without a Smart Region ecosystem Vienna Ljubljana Budapest Bucuresti Danube eRegion • Energy • Workforce • Food Resources
  17. 17. “Data is the Oil of the 21st Century” Neelie Kroes, EU Commissioner responsible for the Digital Agenda (without pollution side effects)
  18. 18. www.donau-uni.ac.at 23.-24. September | 2013 | Page 18 3rd Danube eRegion Conference – DeRC 2013 Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. CLAIMS 1. Smart Cities and Regions are characterized by informed decisions based on facts by government representatives and private parties (Citizens, Economy, NGOs) 2. Traditional understanding of city-planning will have to evolve to meet the challenges of an interconnected world 3. Information Technology enabling the free-flow of Data & Information will contribute to the smartness of a City 4. Cities are not yet network organized enough to fundamentally rise decision quality through efficient corporation 5. Cities will have to open significant amounts of data to enable government with the public to co-create public services of the 21st century. 6. Data and Information has to be interoperable in order to leverage network effects
  19. 19. Wait – Plan – Build – Hope The traditional approach
  20. 20. The new approach Consulate – Integrate – Co-create – Innovate Imagecourtesyhttp://lifeinperpetualbeta.melissapierce.com/life-in-perpetual-beta.jpg
  21. 21. The quadruple Helix http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/01/23/quadruple-helix-dna_n_2527882.html
  22. 22. http://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/about-open-innovation
  23. 23. … with ubiqituous data all around
  24. 24. 3. Open Government Data
  25. 25. www.donau-uni.ac.at 23.-24. September | 2013 | Page 25 3rd Danube eRegion Conference – DeRC 2013 Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. OGD in Austria - Evolution 1. Public urge – Started 2009 by Citizen Democracy Interest groups – Approaching administration through City of Vienna public funded research project opendata.at – Bottom-up initiatives by scraping existing publicly available data sets 2. Administrative response – Public discussion started spring 2011 by City of Linz – Inception of Cooperation OGD Austria summer 2011 – Fall 2011: City of Vienna pioneers first government-driven OGD portal – Spring 2012: data.gv.at – Today: 898 datasets by 20 organisations of every federal level
  26. 26. www.donau-uni.ac.at 23.-24. September | 2013 | Page 26 3rd Danube eRegion Conference – DeRC 2013 Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. OGD in Austria - Principles 1. Legal – Provision: A dataset is an OGD dataset if it released on an official data portal using CC-BY-license and described by a defined meta data description – Ongoing: Liability concerns 2. Organisational – Cooperation OGD Austria steering committee, organized in working groups with focus-topics (meta data, business needs, content federation) – No regulatory power, though directly advising public administration 3. Technical – CKAN repository (minimal adaptions to be released as OS) – 3-stars according to TBL-taxonomy – Meta data description heavily influenced by international standards and good practice – Linked data: ongoing topic
  27. 27. Austrian Federal Law as Open Government Data http://data.gv.at/datensatz/?id=31430a9f-c8ba-4654-ab68-c9c3dff0361b
  28. 28. 7 Applications making use of it • Citizen empowerment • “Unpaid work”
  29. 29. Real-time public transport Linz http://data.linz.gv.at/daten/LinzAGLinien/index.html?ckan_name=elektronische-fahrplanauskunft-der-linz-ag-linien--echtzeit&ckan_id=pkg-9faa1734-607f-4bfd-b8c9-c5692bf37d55
  30. 30. 3Applications
  31. 31. www.donau-uni.ac.at 23.-24. September | 2013 | Page 31 3rd Danube eRegion Conference – DeRC 2013 Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. Added Value? 1. Would the City have commissioned concurring services? NO 2. Do the applications create value? Probably 3. What was the city effort? Hard to measure (City also received value) 4. Who profits most? Most likely SMEs (as localized data is just to cumbersome for the big players) 5. Will it pay back? YES (By stimulating entrepreneurship and local business)
  32. 32. www.donau-uni.ac.at 23.-24. September | 2013 | Page 32 3rd Danube eRegion Conference – DeRC 2013 Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. OGD in Austria – Reusable patterns • Metadata description – Influenced by DCAT & INSPIRE, fully compatible to DCAT-AP – Version 2.1 stable since spring 2012 – Coordinated with OGD Germany and Switzerland • Steering committee Cooperation OGD Austria – Ad-hoc and informal collaboration of public administration entities – Sub-working groups including public (academia, business, NGOs); “Collaboration of the eager and aware” – ~ 4 meetings a year to approve work by – or assign tasks to – sub working groups
  33. 33. www.donau-uni.ac.at 23.-24. September | 2013 | Page 33 3rd Danube eRegion Conference – DeRC 2013 Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. Combining OGD endeavours: DCAT-AP (Intermission) • DCAT-AP IS – A specification, which relies on DCAT • DCAT-AP CAN – Describe Metadata fields and supporting infrastructure (eg. a data portal) • DCAT-AP will become – The meta data format of the European Open Data portal
  34. 34. www.donau-uni.ac.at 23.-24. September | 2013 | Page 34 3rd Danube eRegion Conference – DeRC 2013 Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. Combining OGD endeavours: Mapping DCAT-AP Austrian meta data recommendation maps lossless to DCAT-AP Name [DE] ID CKAN-ID Cardinality Controled Vocabulary Required / Optional Property Cardinality Occurrence Catalog:dataset N M Catalog:description N M Catalog:license 1 M Catalog:publisher 1 M Catalog:title N M Eindeutiger Identifikator metadata_identifier extras:metadata_identifier 1 dcterms:identifier R Dataset:identifier N O Datum des Metadatensatzes metadata_modified extras:metadata_modified 1 dcterms:issued R CatalogRecord:update/modification date 1 M Titel des Metadatensatzes title title 1 dcterms:title (mit language tag "de") R Dataset:title N M Beschreibung description notes 1 dcterms:abstract R Dataset:description N M Kategorie categorization extras:categorization[“…“,“…“] N dcat:theme R Dataset:theme/category; Maybe Category:preferred label N R Schlagworte keywords tags N dcat:keyword R Dataset:keyword/tag N R Datensatz oder Dienst Link resource_url resources:url N dcat:accessURL R Distribution:download URL N O Datensatz oder Dienst Format resource_format resources:format N dcterms:format R Distribution:format, Distribution:media type 1 O Datenverantwortliche Stelle maintainer maintainer 1 dcelements:creator R Agent:name N M Lizenz license license 1 dcterms:license (sollte URI des Lizenzdokuments sein) R Distribution:license; Maybe License Document:license type 1 M Zeitliche Ausdehnung (Anfang) begin_datetime extras:begin_datetime 1 dcterms:temporal R ~ Dataset:temporal coverage N O Datensatz oder Dienst Bezeichner resource_name resources:name N rdfs:literal O Distribution:title N O Bezeichnung der Metadatenstruktur schema_name extras:schema_name 1 dcterms:alternative O Implicitly by vocabulary URI Sprache des Metadatensatzes schema_language extras:schema_language 1 dcterms:language O There is no equivalent in DCAT-AP, however it can be implicitly modelled using RDF Character Set Code des Metadatensatzes schema_characterset extras:schema_characterset 1 cnt:characterEncoding O Weiterführende Metadaten metadata_linkage extras:metadata_linkage N dcat:dataDictionary O Distribution:access URL N M Attributbeschreibung attribute_description extras:attribute_description 1 dcterms:description O Kontaktseite der datenverantwortlichen Stelle maintainer_link extras:maintainer_link 1 dcterms:creator O Dataset:contact point N R Datensatz oder Dienst Veröffentlichungsdatum resource_created resources:created 1 dcterms:issued O Dataset:release date 1 O Datensatz oder Dienst Änderungsdatum resource_lastmodified resources:last_modified 1 dcterms:modified O Dataset:update/modification date 1 O Veröffentlichende Stelle publisher extras:publisher 1 dcelements:publisher O Dataset:publisher 1 M Geographische Abdeckung/Lage geographic_toponym extras:geographic_toponym 1 dcterms:description O Dataset:geographical coverage N O Geographische Ausdehnung geographic_bbox extras:geographic_bbox 1 dcterms:spatial O Dataset:geographical coverage N O Zeitliche Ausdehnung (Ende) end_datetime extras:end_datetime 1 dcterms:temporal O ~ Dataset:temporal coverage N O Aktualisierungszyklus update_frequency extras:update_frequency 1 dcterms:accrualPeriodicity O Dataset:frequency 1 O Datenqualität/Herkunft lineage_quality extras:lineage_quality 1 dcat:dataQuality O Titel und Beschreibung Englisch en_title_and_desc extras:en_title_and_desc 1 dcterms:abstract (mit language tag "en") O Dataset:title, Dataset:description using RDF literal language annotation “EN” Größe des Datensatzes oder Dienstes resource_size resources:size 1 dcat:bytes O Distribution:byteSize 1 O Lizenz Zitat license_citation extras:license_citation 1 cc:attributionName O Sprache des Datensatzes oder Dienstes resource_language resources:language 1 dcterms:language O Dataset:language N O Character Set Code des Datensatzes oder Dienstes resource_encoding resources:characterset 1 cnt:characterEncoding O Cooperation OGD Österreich Metadata Description DCAT-AP V0.0.6
  35. 35. data.eu Cities Federal States Ministries Further Potential Companies Society & Individuals data.gv.at Interoperability here (where the magic happens)
  36. 36. www.donau-uni.ac.at 23.-24. September | 2013 | Page 36 3rd Danube eRegion Conference – DeRC 2013 Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. How to realise this? 1. Homegenous access 2. by provision of data described by metadata 3. through a single point of access
  37. 37. www.donau-uni.ac.at 23.-24. September | 2013 | Page 37 3rd Danube eRegion Conference – DeRC 2013 Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. More Information • https://joinup.ec.europa.eu/asset/dcat_application_profile/description • https://joinup.ec.europa.eu/community/ods/description • http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/newsroom/cf/dae/document.cfm?doc_id=2617 • http://slideshare.net/OpenDataSupport/
  38. 38. Deadline for the submission of papers, workshop proposals, reflections: 6. December 2013 Notification of acceptance 7. February 2014 Camera-ready paper submission 28 February 2014 Conference 21. - 23. May 2014 • Open Data, Transparency and Open Innovation • E-Democracy and E-Participation • E-Voting • Bottom-Up Movements • Social and Mobile Media for Public Administration • Open Collaborative Government • Democracy, Globalization and Migration • Connected Smart City • Technology and Architecture • Self-governance in Complex Networks • Rethinking Information Visualization for the • People • Freedom and Ethics in Digital Societies • Design and Co-creation for E-democracy • PhD Colloquium Important Deadlines
  39. 39. http://www.slideshare.net/jhoechtl/ https://www.facebook.com/myprivate42 http://at.linkedin.com/in/johannhoechtl/ Johann Höchtl johann.hoechtl@donau-uni.ac.at
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