People Movers


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A presentation for Public Transportation 424 class at Cal Poly-SLO.

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  • Vuchic (456) notes that AGT is “most professionally correct term”, so I’ll refer to it throughout the presentation
    However, AGTs and APMs differ in typical area coverage
    - AGTs serve transit functions in urban areas
    - APMs are more traditionally used as automated shuttles to major activity centers (airports, campuses, convention centers)
  • Different types serve different functions
    - Neighborhood connectors
    - Sprawling campuses or superblocks (Vegas)
    - Downtown cores
    AGTs have varying length systems (ex. Kuala Lumpur = 29 km)
    PRT: Passengers queue and automated system is prompted for service
    - Passengers enter specified, desired destination
    - Boarding/de boarding is done off-track, to allow bypass
    - System is proposed to route vehicles to areas of anticipated future demand!!
    San Jose is included based purely on long-term conceptual reference in their transportation plans
  • Cost 25 million pounds (X $$)
    Pods connect business parking to Terminal 5
  • Masdar City is a conceptual PRT system that is part of Abu Dhabi’s transport plan
    - Objective = to be the best in the world
    City will be elevated to allow crosswind underdraft; regulate ambient temperature
    - City walls
    - Level of projected job activity is indicative of large parking allocation outside of city walls and PRT transit only within city walls
  • People Movers

    1. 1. Automated Guided Transit (AGTs) (also Automated People Movers - APM) James Hinkamp CE 424: Public Transportation 10.27.10
    2. 2. APMs are used in different settings, most often in large facilities where operations are time-intensive, but can also function as local transit Airports Resorts Transit Las Vegas (MGM Grand) SFO Singapore
    3. 3. Definitions of “people movers” vary, depending on technical specifications  Automated Guided Transit (AGT)  Kobe, Japan Kobe New Transit  Miami, FL Downtown People Mover (DPM)  Las Vegas, NV  Personal Rapid Transit (PRT)  London Heathrow Airport (LHR)  Guideway transport from business parking lot to Terminal 5 (International)  Programmable destinations  Potentially high speeds  80-100km  Automated Transit Network (ATN) *essentially PRT  San Jose, CA (conceptual)
    4. 4. Courtesy: The APM Guidebook describes 7 types of guideway systems Most track layouts can accomodate more than 2 stations, but only the Dual-Lane Shuttle w/ Bypass is NOT recommended. Source: ACRP APM Guidebook
    5. 5. Passenger carrying capacities range from 2,000 - 25,000 per hour per direction Compare 7,500-15,000 60,000 30,000 1,500-2,500
    6. 6. APMs operate worldwide in over 143 locations, most notably in Asia. International Japan Tokyo Kobe Chiba Hiroshima China Hong Kong Chongqing Korea (Seoul) Singapore Indonesia (Jakarta) Domestic San Francisco (SFO) Miami, FL Dallas/Ft.Worth, TX Phoenix, AZ Los Angeles (Getty Center) Europe London Milan Copenhagen Madrid Zurich
    7. 7. Airports feature the most prevalent AGT systems; London Heathrow, however, features state-of-the-art application of PRTs  Opened to public Spring 2010  Units are limited to 4 passengers  3.8 km guideway  18 pods in fleet  Electric propulsion
    8. 8. Masdar City (Abu Dhabi, UAE) is preparing for a transit network that is reliant on PRTs within city limits (conceptual)  “Zero carbon environment”  Build out is projected in 7 years and foresees extensive automated transit  2,000 PRTs  50,000 residents  70,000 jobs
    9. 9. Sources  APM Users Group  Airport Cooperative Research Program. (2010). Guidebook for Planning and Implementing Automated People Mover Systems at Airports.  APM Standards Committee  Airfront.21  Florida Int’l University  Vuchic, Vukan. (2007). Ch. 7: Unconventional Modes & Systems.  U of Washington