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Interviewing101
 

Interviewing101

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  • What is trivia, Who are the members of the trivia team? How long has each been a member, Where and when will the competition be held? What kinds of questions will the team be asked? How is the contest conducted and who will run it? <br />
  • How many questions make up the match? How fast must your team answer? How many teams compete in your district, your county, state? <br />

Interviewing101 Interviewing101 Presentation Transcript

  • Interviewing This will be you Adapted from “What Questions Do We Ask” by Carol Hallenbeck, Practical Ideas For Teaching Journalism
  • Journalists Ask Questions • What is the team going to do to get ready for the big game, coach? • Why did the school board make that decision, sir? • How do you think this new program will benefit the French department, Madame Zerr?
  • Research the topic before the interview • Make sure to get to know the person or the topic before the interview.
  • Prepare questions ahead of time • Make sure to make a list of questions ahead of time. • These questions should not be able to be answered with a simple “yes” or “no.” • Write questions that make the interviewee answer with a statement. This will yield better quotes. • Get as many specific details as possible. • Remember that an interview is a conversation. • Make sure your questions are specific and short.
  • At the interview • Be on time – Remember, you are taking their time. • Be patient – Make sure the person has finished answering a question before going to the next. • Be flexible – Be ready to change your line of interviewing if the person has more interesting things to say.
  • …at the interview • Be quiet – You want the person you are interviewing to do most of the talking • Be smart – Ask the tough questions last. That way, if the person refuses to answer, at least you will have all of the other information you need • Be polite – Remember to say “Thank You.”
  • Type of Questions • Always have a list of questions prepared • Don’t be afraid to stray from your prepared questions if the person starts talking about other interesting items.
  • The Opener • A beginning question or remark to start the interview in a non-threatening manner – Comment on the weather – Comment on something in the office – Comment on something of interest to the interviewee – MOST IMPORTANT: Gain their trust of your thoroughness, by asking for the spelling of their name and double-checking you wrote it down correctly.
  • First Step Question • Address the topic of the interview – Reporter: “When I made the appointment, I said that I wanted to ask you about the preparations the Trivia Team is making for Saturday’s competition. Would you tell me exactly what you are doing?”
  • Qualifier Question • How qualified is the source? • Reporter: “Mrs. Biblioteca, how many years have you been the sponsor?”
  • Routine Factual Questions • Ask the basics… • The Who, What, Why, When, Where, and How information • What is trivia, who are the members, etc.
  • Numerical Questions • Numerical questions provide statistical information • How many years has the school competed? How many times has the school won?
  • Open-Ended Question Openers • • • • What do you think… Why do you think… How do you feel about… Tell me about…
  • In-depth Questions G-O-S-S-E-Y Goals Obstacles Solutions Start Evaluations Y 
  • Most Critical Step: Listen • Good interviewers are good __________ • Listen for the pearls and diamonds • Ask a “responder” to find out more – – – – Oh? Really? Would you explain what you mean? Can you give me an example?
  • Quote Accurately • Don’t be afraid to ask, “Do I have this down right?” • NEVER promise to let anyone review your story in advance.
  • Solicit Anecdotes • Get the stories that show the source and cohorts in action • Ask directly: What is the most exciting moment your remember in a Trivia Team match? Did any of your players do anything dumb? Was there a time when you substituted a player whose substitution won or lost the game?
  • Follow-up Questions • Ask questions that you think of on the spur of the moment based on what the interviewee said.
  • Imaginative Questions • Often redirect the interview. Ask something you thought of because of a source’s answer. • “Do your team members carry good luck charms?” “Why do you believe there are no girls on the academic team?”
  • Finally… • Remember to take good notes or tape record the interview. • Pay attention to the answers you are given. • Don’t be afraid to ask the subject to repeat or slow down. • Find a quiet place to conduct the interview. • Make sure to ask how to spell the person’s name. • Make sure to listen intently.
  • Conclude the Interview • Thank the source for his/her time. • Ask if you can check back if you have any further questions. • Invite the interviewee to call you if they find they have more to say. • Collect phone numbers, e-mail addresses, etc. and leave yours.
  • “Off the Record” • If the source tells a reporter that what s/he is about to say is “off the record,” this means the source does not want the information printed. If the reporter listens to the information, s/he is bound by reporter’s ethics not to publish it. • To relieve yourself of responsibility, say “If I cannot print it, please do not give me the information.” • If you do listen to it, you may try to find someone who does want it printed.
  • No Comment • If the source says “No comment,” this means s/he will not answer the question. • Why s/he won’t talk is of interest. • Reporters must rely on information from elsewhere to make the story happen.