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Ch. 4.3  political geography
 

Ch. 4.3 political geography

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    Ch. 4.3  political geography Ch. 4.3 political geography Presentation Transcript

    • Political Geography
      Ch. 4, Sec. 3
    • State – independent unit in a specific area that governs their own affairs
      Nation – group of people with a common culture living in a territory and having a strong sense of unity
      When the 2 are together = nation-state
    • Types of Government
      Democracy – citizens hold power (direct/ representative)
      Monarchy – ruling family holds the power
      Dictatorship – an individual or group holds all the power
      Communism – nearly all political power and means of production (economy) are held by the gov’t in the name of the people
    • Geographic Characteristics of Nations
      Size – size = power
      Shape
      Affects governing, trade and travel
    • Geographic Characteristics
      Location
      Landlocked – no direct route to sea
      Can help increase trade or cause a need for protection
    • National Boundaries
      Establishes limits of control
      Natural bnd. – based on physical features of the land
      Artificial bnd. – fixed line generally following latitude or longitude lines