Ch 3, section 2 Climate

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Ch 3, section 2 Climate

  1. 1. Climate<br />
  2. 2. Wind Currents<br /><ul><li>Wind is caused through convection
  3. 3. Sun heats the air - the heated air expands and creates low-pressure area – cooler air rushes into low pressure area
  4. 4. Hot air goes towards the poles and cold air towards the equator
  5. 5. Coriolis effect causes winds to bend</li></li></ul><li>Ocean currents<br /><ul><li>Flow throughout the ocean
  6. 6. Help regulate temperatures and precipitation</li></ul>Zones of Latitude<br /><ul><li>Tropical is from equator to the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn and are hot all year
  7. 7. Temperate is from the tropics to the polar regions and vary in temperature
  8. 8. Polar is around the poles and is cold all year</li></li></ul><li>
  9. 9.
  10. 10.
  11. 11. Elevation<br /><ul><li>The higher you get, the colder it is</li></ul>Mt. Kilimanjaro. It’s glacier top cap that has been there for nearly 11,000 years is almost completely gone now due to warming.<br />
  12. 12. El Nino and La Nina<br /><ul><li>Winds blow east over the Pacific Ocean in El Nino and pushes warm water towards American west coast. Causes more rain there and drought in Asia and Australia.
  13. 13. In La Nina, the reverse occurs.</li></li></ul><li>Global Warming<br /><ul><li>Greenhouse effect causes global temperatures to rise
  14. 14. Solar energy hits earth and heat reflects back into space. Except that gases like carbon dioxide trap the heat
  15. 15. Debated how accurate and how severe the phenomenon is</li></li></ul><li>

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