TranscaucasiaChapter 16, Section 2
Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan
Gateway between Europe and AsiaGeorgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan
Gateway between Europe and Asia Trade routes near  Black Sea led to  Mediterranean  Europe Trade routes to far  east fro...
Gateway between Europe and Asia # of different  religions: Christian  and Islamic most  common    Close to the religions...
History of Outside Control Russians invaded in 18th century   1723 – captured Baku, Azerbaijan   1801 – annexed Georgia...
History of Outside Control Briefly independent from 1917 – 1920s when  they were recaptured by the Red Army Regained fre...
Modern LifeDuring communist rule, literacy rates rose to 99%  Still have high quality educationGeorgian supra (dinner p...
Central AsiaChapter 16, Section 3
 5 republics: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan,  Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan
Historical Crossroads Travelers called the Silk Road after the silk they bought  in China Also used for spreading ideas,...
The Great GameGreat Britain and the Russian Empire began to struggle for control of Central AsiaRussia was moving south ...
Nuclear TestingBetween 1949 and 1989 scientists exploded 470 nuclear devicesUnderground explosions cracked walls in town...
Nuclear Testing Nuclear fall out stretched for 180,000 square miles Exposure caused a dramatic rise in the rates of  leu...
PetroleumHoping oil industry will bring wealth to Central AsiaNew “Great Game” as countries try to compete for profitsL...
Cultures Divided and ConqueredBefore the Russian Revolution, ethnic groups were separatedSoviets purposely split up the ...
Survival of TraditionNomads live in the grassland of Central AsiaMove from place to place in search of food, water, and ...
 Have few possessions and usually carry what is  most useful Known for their beautiful hand-woven carpetsYurt 
Ch. 16, sec. 2 and 3
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Ch. 16, sec. 2 and 3

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Ch. 16, sec. 2 and 3

  1. 1. TranscaucasiaChapter 16, Section 2
  2. 2. Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan
  3. 3. Gateway between Europe and AsiaGeorgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan
  4. 4. Gateway between Europe and Asia Trade routes near Black Sea led to Mediterranean Europe Trade routes to far east from Caspian Sea More than 50 different ethnic groups Variety of languages  Jabal Al-Alsun = “Mountain of Language”
  5. 5. Gateway between Europe and Asia # of different religions: Christian and Islamic most common  Close to the religions’ origins  Christianity = Jerusalem  Islam = Mecca
  6. 6. History of Outside Control Russians invaded in 18th century  1723 – captured Baku, Azerbaijan  1801 – annexed Georgia  1828 – took control of large stretch of Armenia
  7. 7. History of Outside Control Briefly independent from 1917 – 1920s when they were recaptured by the Red Army Regained freedom in 1991
  8. 8. Modern LifeDuring communist rule, literacy rates rose to 99% Still have high quality educationGeorgian supra (dinner party) is an important tradition Large quantities of food Use fresh locally grown food Make many toasts throughout the evening
  9. 9. Central AsiaChapter 16, Section 3
  10. 10.  5 republics: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan
  11. 11. Historical Crossroads Travelers called the Silk Road after the silk they bought in China Also used for spreading ideas, technology, and religion Traffic slowed in the 14th century giving way to less expensive sea routes
  12. 12. The Great GameGreat Britain and the Russian Empire began to struggle for control of Central AsiaRussia was moving south and GB wanted to stop them before they reached IndiaBoth sides recruited young officers who journeyed through the region in disguise to create maps and win over local peopleRussian Empire gained control by the end of the 19th century
  13. 13. Nuclear TestingBetween 1949 and 1989 scientists exploded 470 nuclear devicesUnderground explosions cracked walls in towns 50 miles away
  14. 14. Nuclear Testing Nuclear fall out stretched for 180,000 square miles Exposure caused a dramatic rise in the rates of leukemia, thyroid cancer, birth defects, and mental illness
  15. 15. PetroleumHoping oil industry will bring wealth to Central AsiaNew “Great Game” as countries try to compete for profitsLeaders need to establish a stable political and legal institution for their people to benefit
  16. 16. Cultures Divided and ConqueredBefore the Russian Revolution, ethnic groups were separatedSoviets purposely split up the ethnic groups Used tension between groups to prevent oppositionMost groups are tied together through religion: IslamMany speak languages related to Turkish or they speak Russian
  17. 17. Survival of TraditionNomads live in the grassland of Central AsiaMove from place to place in search of food, water, and grazingForced to collective farms during Soviet rule
  18. 18.  Have few possessions and usually carry what is most useful Known for their beautiful hand-woven carpetsYurt 
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