MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC QUALITIES Largest country in the world. Former colonial power. Population and development concentrated in the west (west of Ural Mountains). Culturally diverse, but dominated by the Russian culture. Ports are limited due to climate/ice.
RUSSIA’S DIMENSIONS Spans 11 Time Zones From East to West: Gulf of Finland to Alaska From North to South: Above the Arctic Circle to Salt Lake Twice the size of the United States
Northern European Plain Chernozem- black earth is abundant in the plain 75% of population lives in this plain
West Siberian Plain Plain tilts northward causing rivers to flow into the Arctic Ocean
Central Siberian Plateau Between Yenisey and Lena Rivers Average height = 1000 to 2000 ft
Russia Far East Complex system of volcanic ranges Kamchatka Peninsula contains 120 volcanoes – 20 are still active
Caucasus Mountains Stretch across the land that separates the Black and Caspian Seas form the border between Russia and Transcaucasia
Drainage basins An area drained by a major river and its tributaries (smaller rivers that flow into the big river) Arctic Ocean is the region’s biggest with the Ob, Yenisey, and Lena rivers draining an area of more than 3 million sq. mi.
The area where water runs off the land surface to the stream is the drainage basin (or watershed) for the stream. The larger the stream, the larger its drainage basin. Small streams run downhill and feed larger streams. These are tributaries to the larger stream. The largest stream draining an area is called the trunk stream. A high-standing area separates one drainage basin from another. That area is called the divide.
Rivers Volga – Europe’s longest river flows for 2,300 miles
Lakes Caspian Sea – actually a saltwater lake – Stretches N to S 750 miles = longest inland sea
Lakes Aral Sea – saltwater lake Has lost 80% of water volume since 1960s
Lake Baikal Located in Southern Russia, north of Mongolia Deepest lake in the world at more than a mile at its deepest point 400 miles N to S Holds 20% of the world’s fresh water 1200 unique species live there
Resource Management Harsh climate, rugged terrain and large area make removing and transporting goods difficult Environmental damage Hydroelectric power plants discharge hot water known as thermal pollution which damages plant and animal life