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Ch. 15, section 1

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  • 1. Landforms andResourcesChapter 15, Section 1
  • 2. MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC QUALITIES Largest country in the world. Former colonial power. Population and development concentrated in the west (west of Ural Mountains). Culturally diverse, but dominated by the Russian culture. Ports are limited due to climate/ice.
  • 3. RUSSIA’S DIMENSIONS Spans 11 Time Zones From East to West: Gulf of Finland to Alaska From North to South: Above the Arctic Circle to Salt Lake Twice the size of the United States
  • 4. Northern European Plain Chernozem- black earth is abundant in the plain 75% of population lives in this plain
  • 5. West Siberian Plain Plain tilts northward causing rivers to flow into the Arctic Ocean
  • 6. Central Siberian Plateau Between Yenisey and Lena Rivers Average height = 1000 to 2000 ft
  • 7. Russia Far East Complex system of volcanic ranges Kamchatka Peninsula contains 120 volcanoes – 20 are still active
  • 8. Caucasus Mountains Stretch across the land that separates the Black and Caspian Seas form the border between Russia and Transcaucasia
  • 9. Drainage basins An area drained by a major river and its tributaries (smaller rivers that flow into the big river) Arctic Ocean is the region’s biggest with the Ob, Yenisey, and Lena rivers draining an area of more than 3 million sq. mi.
  • 10.  The area where water runs off the land surface to the stream is the drainage basin (or watershed) for the stream. The larger the stream, the larger its drainage basin. Small streams run downhill and feed larger streams. These are tributaries to the larger stream. The largest stream draining an area is called the trunk stream. A high-standing area separates one drainage basin from another. That area is called the divide.
  • 11. Rivers Volga – Europe’s longest river flows for 2,300 miles
  • 12. Lakes Caspian Sea – actually a saltwater lake – Stretches N to S 750 miles = longest inland sea
  • 13. Lakes Aral Sea – saltwater lake Has lost 80% of water volume since 1960s
  • 14. Lake Baikal Located in Southern Russia, north of Mongolia Deepest lake in the world at more than a mile at its deepest point 400 miles N to S Holds 20% of the world’s fresh water 1200 unique species live there
  • 15. Baikal seal - Nerpa
  • 16. Resource Management Harsh climate, rugged terrain and large area make removing and transporting goods difficult Environmental damage Hydroelectric power plants discharge hot water known as thermal pollution which damages plant and animal life

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