Ch 4 2 – Assyria Dominates The Fertile Crescent

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Ch 4 2 – Assyria Dominates The Fertile Crescent

  1. 1. Section 2 – Assyria Dominates the Fertile Crescent <ul><li>Main Idea </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assyria developed a military machine, conquered an empire, and established imperial administration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Setting the Stage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For more than two centuries, the Assyrian army advanced across Southwest Asia. They overwhelmed its foes with military strength </li></ul></ul>
  2. 3. A Mighty Military Machine <ul><li>Beginning around 850 B.C., Assyria acquired a large empire </li></ul><ul><li>Made Assyria the greatest power in Southwest Asia </li></ul>
  3. 4. The Rise of a Warrior People <ul><li>Assyrians came from northern part of Mesopotamia </li></ul><ul><li>Invaders swept down from nearby mountains </li></ul><ul><li>Assyrian king – Sennacherib (sih-NAK-uhr-ihb) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bragged that he had sacked 89 cities and 820 villages, burned Babylon, and ordered most of its inhabitants killed. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Soldiers dug under walls to weaken them </li></ul><ul><li>Used battering rams to knock down doors </li></ul><ul><li>Soldiers had iron spears, shields, and armor </li></ul><ul><li>They killed or enslaved their victims. </li></ul><ul><li>Soldiers received a bounty for severed heads. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Military Organization and Conquest <ul><li>Assyrian society glorified military strength </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced planning and technical skill especially in conquest </li></ul><ul><li>Forced groups of captives off of their homeland in order to prevent later rebellions </li></ul>
  6. 7. An Expanding Empire <ul><li>Between 850 and 650 B.C., the kings of Assyria defeated Syria, Palestine, and Babylonia </li></ul><ul><li>With the conquest of Egypt, the Assyrian empire had established itself in North Africa </li></ul>
  7. 8. Assyrian Rule <ul><li>Officials governed lands closest to Assyria as provinces. </li></ul><ul><li>Assyrian Kings influenced these dependent regions by choosing their rulers. </li></ul><ul><li>Assyrian armies protected them from invasion </li></ul>
  8. 9. Assyrian Culture <ul><li>Some of Assyria’s most fearsome warriors earned a reputation as great builders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Established Nineveh (NIHN-uh-vuh) along the Tigris River </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Great walled city about 3 miles long and a mile wide. Largest of its day. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Archaeologists found finely carved sculptures of brutal military campaigns and lion hunts </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 10. The Empire Crumbles <ul><li>King Ashurbanipal (AH-shur-BAH-nuh-PAHL) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-collected more than 25,000 clay tablets from through out the Fertile Crescent. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-some were dictionaries containing the same words in several languages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>last mighty Assyrian king </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Assyrian power spread too thin </li></ul><ul><li>Cruelty earned them many enemies </li></ul>
  10. 11. Decline and Fall <ul><li>Assyrian enemies demolished Nineveh </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Combined army of Medes and Chaldeans </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many people rejoiced </li></ul>

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