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Ch 4  2 – Assyria Dominates The Fertile Crescent
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Ch 4 2 – Assyria Dominates The Fertile Crescent

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  • 1. Section 2 – Assyria Dominates the Fertile Crescent
    • Main Idea
      • Assyria developed a military machine, conquered an empire, and established imperial administration
      • Setting the Stage
      • For more than two centuries, the Assyrian army advanced across Southwest Asia. They overwhelmed its foes with military strength
  • 2.  
  • 3. A Mighty Military Machine
    • Beginning around 850 B.C., Assyria acquired a large empire
    • Made Assyria the greatest power in Southwest Asia
  • 4. The Rise of a Warrior People
    • Assyrians came from northern part of Mesopotamia
    • Invaders swept down from nearby mountains
    • Assyrian king – Sennacherib (sih-NAK-uhr-ihb)
      • Bragged that he had sacked 89 cities and 820 villages, burned Babylon, and ordered most of its inhabitants killed.
  • 5.
    • Soldiers dug under walls to weaken them
    • Used battering rams to knock down doors
    • Soldiers had iron spears, shields, and armor
    • They killed or enslaved their victims.
    • Soldiers received a bounty for severed heads.
  • 6. Military Organization and Conquest
    • Assyrian society glorified military strength
    • Advanced planning and technical skill especially in conquest
    • Forced groups of captives off of their homeland in order to prevent later rebellions
  • 7. An Expanding Empire
    • Between 850 and 650 B.C., the kings of Assyria defeated Syria, Palestine, and Babylonia
    • With the conquest of Egypt, the Assyrian empire had established itself in North Africa
  • 8. Assyrian Rule
    • Officials governed lands closest to Assyria as provinces.
    • Assyrian Kings influenced these dependent regions by choosing their rulers.
    • Assyrian armies protected them from invasion
  • 9. Assyrian Culture
    • Some of Assyria’s most fearsome warriors earned a reputation as great builders
      • Established Nineveh (NIHN-uh-vuh) along the Tigris River
        • Great walled city about 3 miles long and a mile wide. Largest of its day.
        • Archaeologists found finely carved sculptures of brutal military campaigns and lion hunts
  • 10. The Empire Crumbles
    • King Ashurbanipal (AH-shur-BAH-nuh-PAHL)
      • -collected more than 25,000 clay tablets from through out the Fertile Crescent.
      • -some were dictionaries containing the same words in several languages
      • last mighty Assyrian king
    • Assyrian power spread too thin
    • Cruelty earned them many enemies
  • 11. Decline and Fall
    • Assyrian enemies demolished Nineveh
      • Combined army of Medes and Chaldeans
    • Many people rejoiced