Ch 23.3 and 23.4
   5’3’’
   1769-1821
   Great Military Leader and Motivator
    ◦ “He awakened in my soul the desire for glory”
   Be...
   (koo day-TAH): “blow of state”:The sudden
    overthrow of a government by a usually small
    group of persons in or ...
   Restored order and stability to France
   Restored the church
   Napoleonic Code
    ◦ Gave the country a uniform se...
   Crowned Emperor on Dec 2, 1804
   Set off to not only rule France but the New World as well
   Tried to regain the c...
   Fearful of Napoleon’s increasing power, Britain,
    Russia, Austria, and Sweden created the Third
    Coalition to de...
   The Continental System
    ◦ Blocked goods from entering England
       Didn’t work very well and ended up with a cou...
   In his army’s weakened condition, the Coalition
    defeats Napoleon.
   Napoleon was given a small pension (salary) ...
   Napoleon’s major battle as the returning
    Emperor.
   July 18, 1815
   British and Prussian forces clashed with t...
   He was shipped off
    to St. Helena, a
    small island in the
    South Atlantic,
    where he lived for 6
    more ...
Ch 23 3 And 23 4   Napoleon
Ch 23 3 And 23 4   Napoleon
Ch 23 3 And 23 4   Napoleon
Ch 23 3 And 23 4   Napoleon
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Ch 23 3 And 23 4 Napoleon

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Ch 23 3 And 23 4 Napoleon

  1. 1. Ch 23.3 and 23.4
  2. 2.  5’3’’  1769-1821  Great Military Leader and Motivator ◦ “He awakened in my soul the desire for glory”  Became a notable military leader early in life by his heroic feats defending the delegates at the National Convention.
  3. 3.  (koo day-TAH): “blow of state”:The sudden overthrow of a government by a usually small group of persons in or previously in positions of authority. ◦ A sudden seizure of power ◦ France was at war at the time, which made his coup very easy.  Napoleon pretended to be the constitutionally chosen leader of a free republic. ◦ Restored order and stability to France  Kept many of the Revolution’s reforms  Fixed the economy, including equal taxation  Reduced governmental corruption  Set up lycees, or government run public schools
  4. 4.  Restored order and stability to France  Restored the church  Napoleonic Code ◦ Gave the country a uniform set of laws ◦ Reduced many individual freedoms of the people.
  5. 5.  Crowned Emperor on Dec 2, 1804  Set off to not only rule France but the New World as well  Tried to regain the control of St. Domingue, which had declared their freedom after the French Revolution.  After an unsuccessful attempt, decided to give up on the New World  Sold The Louisiana Territory to President Thomas Jefferson for $15 million (3 cents an acre!)  “The sale assures forever the power of the United States, and I have given England a rival, who, sooner or later, will humble her pride.”
  6. 6.  Fearful of Napoleon’s increasing power, Britain, Russia, Austria, and Sweden created the Third Coalition to defeat him.  His land victories against the Coalition were decisive and brilliant.  The Battle of Trafalgar ◦ Defeated by British captain Horatio Nelson, caused a serious blow to the French Army and secured the naval dominance of England for the next 100 years
  7. 7.  The Continental System ◦ Blocked goods from entering England  Didn’t work very well and ended up with a counter-blockade which hurt the French economy  The Peninsular War ◦ Invaded Portugal  Portugal commenced w/ guerrilla warfare.  300,000 troops lost  Many of the countries controlled by Napoleon now questioned their commitment to France  The Invasion of Russia ◦ Russians defeated the French by retreating and practicing scorched-earth policy. ◦ By the end of the war, Napoleon only had 10,000 soldiers left.
  8. 8.  In his army’s weakened condition, the Coalition defeats Napoleon.  Napoleon was given a small pension (salary) and exiled to Elba, a tiny island off of Italy.  Louis XVIII was restored to the throne (Louis’ son died in prison)  He was very unpopular with the peasants, and this encouraged Napoleon to make a comeback  Within days, his army swelled with volunteers.
  9. 9.  Napoleon’s major battle as the returning Emperor.  July 18, 1815  British and Prussian forces clashed with the French.  2 days later, the French army was chased from the field.  This ended Napoleon’s return to power, called the Hundred Days
  10. 10.  He was shipped off to St. Helena, a small island in the South Atlantic, where he lived for 6 more years.  It was believed he died of cancer.  “He was as great as a man can be without virtue”
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