Great Military Leader and Motivator
◦ “He awakened in my soul the desire for glory”
Became a notable military leader early in life
by his heroic feats defending the delegates at
the National Convention.
(koo day-TAH): “blow of state”:The sudden
overthrow of a government by a usually small
group of persons in or previously in positions of
◦ A sudden seizure of power
◦ France was at war at the time, which made his coup very
Napoleon pretended to be the constitutionally
chosen leader of a free republic.
◦ Restored order and stability to France
Kept many of the Revolution’s reforms
Fixed the economy, including equal taxation
Reduced governmental corruption
Set up lycees, or government run public schools
Restored order and stability to France
Restored the church
◦ Gave the country a uniform set of laws
◦ Reduced many individual freedoms of the people.
Crowned Emperor on Dec 2, 1804
Set off to not only rule France but the New World as well
Tried to regain the control of St. Domingue, which had
declared their freedom after the French Revolution.
After an unsuccessful attempt, decided to give up on the New
Sold The Louisiana Territory to President Thomas Jefferson
for $15 million (3 cents an acre!)
“The sale assures forever the power of the United States, and I
have given England a rival, who, sooner or later, will humble
Fearful of Napoleon’s increasing power, Britain,
Russia, Austria, and Sweden created the Third
Coalition to defeat him.
His land victories against the Coalition were
decisive and brilliant.
The Battle of Trafalgar
◦ Defeated by British captain Horatio Nelson, caused a
serious blow to the French Army and secured the naval
dominance of England for the next 100 years
The Continental System
◦ Blocked goods from entering England
Didn’t work very well and ended up with a counter-blockade which hurt
the French economy
The Peninsular War
◦ Invaded Portugal
Portugal commenced w/ guerrilla warfare.
300,000 troops lost
Many of the countries controlled by Napoleon now questioned their
commitment to France
The Invasion of Russia
◦ Russians defeated the French by retreating and practicing
◦ By the end of the war, Napoleon only had 10,000 soldiers left.
In his army’s weakened condition, the Coalition
Napoleon was given a small pension (salary) and
exiled to Elba, a tiny island off of Italy.
Louis XVIII was restored to the throne (Louis’ son
died in prison)
He was very unpopular with the peasants, and this
encouraged Napoleon to make a comeback
Within days, his army swelled with volunteers.
Napoleon’s major battle as the returning
July 18, 1815
British and Prussian forces clashed with the
2 days later, the French army was chased
from the field.
This ended Napoleon’s return to power,
called the Hundred Days
He was shipped off
to St. Helena, a
small island in the
where he lived for 6
It was believed he
died of cancer.
“He was as great as
a man can be