What is a peninsula? A piece of land that is surrounded by water on 3 sides
• The Scandinavian Peninsula has a bunch of deep, U-shaped valleys, called fjords, that were carved out by ancient glaciers.
1. Why is Europe called the “peninsula of peninsulas”?2. What two natural resources helped the UK to be a leading producer of steel?3. What is peat?4. How were fjords formed?5. Who brought Elephants to Europe? (beginning of chapter)6. Name the 5 peninsulas of Europe7. On average, does Europe have more or less agricultural land than the rest of the world? How much?
Ch. 12, section 2
• Europe is kept relatively warm due to wind and ocean currents bringing warmer tropical air north. • This is the North Atlantic Drift.
Comparing ClimatesFargo, North Dakota and Paris, France
• Mountain ranges tend to block some of the cold, dry winds from the north from affecting the Mediterranean region, but some parts without mountain cover still get it. • Mistral wind--- a cold, dry wind that affects Mediterranean France• Sometimes they also get the sirocco wind, a warm, dray wind sweeping in from North Africa.