11.2 Russians Adapt Byzantine Culture


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11.2 Russians Adapt Byzantine Culture

  1. 1. Russians Adapt Byzantine Culture<br />Chapter 11.2<br />
  2. 2. The Slavs and Greeks<br />The Byzantianswere afraid of the “barbarians” from the forests north of the Black Sea<br />Slavs: the people from the forests north of the black sea.<br />Eventually, they began trading and interacting<br />Russian culture was a mix of Greeks (Byzantine) and the Slavs<br />
  3. 3. Kiev<br />The city of Novgorod was the 1st Russian city.<br />Later, Kiev became the cultural center of Russia<br />
  4. 4.
  5. 5. Kiev Becomes Orthodox<br />Princess Olga visited Constantinople in 957 and shortly after converted to Christianity.<br />Her son wasn’t much on Christianity, but her grandson was.<br />Vladimir, in scientific fashion, sent out teams of men to study the different world religions.<br />
  6. 6. Three of the teams returned with lukewarm accounts of Islam, Judaism, and Western Christianity. But the team from Byzantium told quite a different story about Eastern Orthodox Christianity:<br />
  7. 7. This report convinced Vladimir to convert to Byzantine Christianity and to make all his subjects convert, too. <br />Kiev, already linked to Byzantium by trade, now looked to Constantinople for religious guidance. <br />All the beliefs and traditions of Orthodox Christianity flourished in Kiev. <br />Vladimir appreciated the Byzantine idea of the emperor as supreme ruler of the church, so the close link between Church and state took root in Russia as well.<br />Under Vladamir, Kiev flourished<br />
  8. 8. Yaroslov the Wise<br />Vladimir’s son, Yaroslov the Wise, continued to build up Kiev’s power.<br />Yaroslov created many laws to benefit Kiev’s commercial culture. <br />Greater punishment for crossing your neighbor’s property line than cutting of a man’s finger.<br />Under Yaroslov, Christianity also prospered.<br />
  9. 9. But, Kiev’s power was short lived.<br />Yaroslov did an unwise thing.<br />Historically, the throne is passed along to the eldest son.<br />Yaroslov thought this to be unfair, so he divided the throne evenly amongst his sons.<br />They tore the state apart fighting for control of each other’s land and power.<br />
  10. 10. The Mongols<br />In the 1200’s, Russia was invaded by the Mongols, a ferocious group of horsemen from central Asia.<br />The Mongols had been around for some time, but had exploded onto the world scene under the leadership of Ghengis Khan.<br />In 1240, the Mongols attacked and demolished Kiev<br />
  11. 11. Although the Mongols ruled Russia, the Russians were allowed to follow their own customs, traditions, and religions.<br />The Mongols only demanded 2 things:<br />Slavish obiedience<br />Massive amounts of tribute (money)<br />Russian leaders were happy to comply.<br />They were allowed to keep their power, as long as they were obedient and put down any Russian revolts<br />
  12. 12. Mongol Rule Serves Moscow’s Interests<br />Because the Mongol rulers viewed Russia as a unified empire, eventually so did the Russians themselves.<br />Also, the shared beliefs and customs of all Russians created a strong culture. <br />Under Mongol rule, the city of Moscow flourished. <br />
  13. 13. An Empire Emerges<br />Ivan III, begins to call himself “czar” (after the Roman word for Caesar), even though Constantinople has been under Mogol rule for years (since 1453).<br />In 1480, Ivan III and Russia break away from the Mongols.<br />A bloodless battle ensues (neither side engaged a fight)<br />The Russians mark this day as their independence from Mongol rule.<br />
  14. 14. Terms<br />Slavs<br />Russians<br />Olga<br />Vladamir<br />Yaroslav the Wise<br />Czar<br />Mongols<br />
  15. 15. Questions<br />