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Best Philosophy of Education
Best Philosophy of Education
Best Philosophy of Education
Best Philosophy of Education
Best Philosophy of Education
Best Philosophy of Education
Best Philosophy of Education
Best Philosophy of Education
Best Philosophy of Education
Best Philosophy of Education
Best Philosophy of Education
Best Philosophy of Education
Best Philosophy of Education
Best Philosophy of Education
Best Philosophy of Education
Best Philosophy of Education
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Best Philosophy of Education


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Compare the two viewpoints of educational philosophy.

Compare the two viewpoints of educational philosophy.

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  • 1. ED503-Educational Psychology
    Joshua Hester
    What is the best philosophy of education?
  • 2. Constructivism
    Definition and Support
  • 3. According to Woolfolk (1991, p. 311), constructivism is based on these principles:
    Individuals construct their own knowledge.
    Social interactionsinfluence how individuals learn.
    What is constructivism?
    Joshua Hester
  • 4. Joshua Hester
    Cognitive constructivism
    Emphasizes how the individual learns (Atherton, 2010)
    Popular theorists
    • John Dewey
    • 5. Jean Piaget
    • 6. George Kelly
  • Emphasizes how society influences learning (Atherton, 2010)
    Social Constructivism
    Joshua Hester
    Popular theorists
    • Lev Vygotsky
    • 7. Jerome Bruner
    • 8. Diana Laurillard
  • Joshua Hester
    Why constructivism?
    Focuses on the student’s role
    Active agents of knowledge
    Not “passive recorders” of knowledge (Noll, 2011)
    Incorporates current scientific research
    Relationship of learning tools to child development
    Relationship of learning styles to subject matter
    Relationship of learning methods to student types
  • 9.
    • Embraces technology in and out of the classroom
    • 10. Educational television and software
    • 11. Distance and Web-based learning
    Emphasizes self-regulated learning
    By promoting “metacognitive learning strategies” in students (Cunliffe, 1995)
    By allowing students to make choices about their own education (Martin, 2004)
    Provides tools for cross-cultural teaching (Hutchison, 2006)
    Benefits of constructivism
    Joshua Hester
  • 12. Objectivism
    Definition and Support
  • 13. Joshua Hester
    What is objectivism?
    According to Rand (1963), objectivism is based on these principles:
    Reality is an absolute and immutable certainty.
    Reason is the only means of understanding this reality.
    Individuals pursue their own self-interest.
  • 14. Focuses on core subject matters and methods
    An established set of knowledge
    A simple pedagogy of teaching
    Utilizes the existing educational structure
    Current teacher education system
    Current classroom paradigm
    No teacher, curricular or societal readiness is required (Noll, 2011)
    Why objectivism?
    Joshua Hester
  • 15. Best Philosophy
  • 16. The constructivist emphasis on students as agents of learning attempts to adapt education to expanding student diversity and methodologies. Rather than ignore the contributions of cultural diversity and instructional technology, constructivism actively leverages these aspects in both the traditional and virtual classrooms. (Yang,Yeh, & Wong, 2010)
    Objectivism focuses too heavily on how instructors teach and neglects how students learn.
    My position
    Joshua Hester
  • 17. In biology, university students gained a deeper understanding in a constructivist classroom than a traditional one. (Christianson & Fisher, 1999)
    Eighth-grade students spent more time, reported a higher degree of learning and interactivity using a Web site developed through constructivist principles, than a Web site using traditional instruction. (Sherman, 1999)
    Supporting research
    Joshua Hester
  • 18. Conclusion
    Joshua Hester
    Although objectivism can provide guiding principles for core subject areas and common measures for standardized evaluation, constructivism is the only tenable approach for the modern teacher. Only constructivism provides a growing repertoire of tools and methods in education. Whether the objectivist claim of one immutable reality is true or not, any philosophy of education must put students at the focus of learning and push teachers to reach them.
  • 19. Atherton, J. (2010). Learning and Teaching; Constructivism in learning. Retrieved from Accessed: 22 July 2010
    Christianson, R., & Fisher, K. (1999). Comparison of Student Learning about Diffusion and Osmosis in Constructivist and Traditional Classrooms. International Journal of Science Education, 21(6), 687-98. Retrieved from ERIC database.
    Cunliffe, A. (1995). How Do My Students Believe They Learn? Retrieved from ERIC database.
    Hutchison, C. (2006). Cultural Constructivism: The Confluence of Cognition, Knowledge Creation, Multiculturalism, and Teaching. Intercultural Education, 17(3), 301-310. Retrieved from ERIC database.
    Martin, J. (2004). Self-Regulated Learning, Social Cognitive Theory, and Agency. Educational Psychologist, 39(2), 135-145. Retrieved from ERIC database.
    Joshua Hester
  • 20. Noll, J. W. (2011). Taking sides: Clashing views on educational issues (16th ed.). Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
    Rand, A. (1962) Introducing Objectivism. Retrieved from the Ayn Rand Education Web site: Accessed: 22 July 2010
    Woolfolk, A. (2010). Educational Psychology (11th Edition). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc.
    Yang, Y., Yeh, H., & Wong, W. (2010). The Influence of Social Interaction on Meaning Construction in a Virtual Community. British Journal of Educational Technology, 41(2), 287-306. Retrieved from ERIC database.
    References (cont’d)
    Joshua Hester