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crucible notes
crucible notes
crucible notes
crucible notes
crucible notes
crucible notes
crucible notes
crucible notes
crucible notes
crucible notes
crucible notes
crucible notes
crucible notes
crucible notes
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crucible notes

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  • 1. The Crucible History, Witches, Communism, Fear, Hysteria, Death
  • 2. Puritans <ul><li>They were extreme Protestants who believed the Universe was God-centered, and that man, inherently sinful and corrupt, rescued from damnation only by arbitrary divine grace, was duty bound to do God’s will, which he could understand best by studying the Bible and the universe which God created and controlled. </li></ul>
  • 3. Puritans continued… <ul><li>Religious persecution – broke away from Church of England/Catholicism </li></ul><ul><li>Arrived in Massachusetts (Quakers, Puritans, other sects) </li></ul>
  • 4. Beliefs <ul><li>Strict rules and code of conduct </li></ul><ul><li>God centered universe </li></ul><ul><li>Church going folk </li></ul><ul><li>Small percent worthy of baptism </li></ul><ul><li>Puritan elite must prove you’ve been saved </li></ul><ul><li>Bland, drab colors </li></ul>
  • 5. Even More Puritan Fun <ul><li>Man was inherently sinful and evil </li></ul><ul><li>If saved people have religious responsibility to do God’s work </li></ul><ul><li>Felt they were the chosen ones </li></ul><ul><li>Interpreted bible literally </li></ul><ul><li>Goal was to purify the church (hence their name </li></ul><ul><li>Harsh uniformity </li></ul>
  • 6. Theocracy <ul><li>Puritans arrived in the New World during the 1600’s. Originally left Britain to create a Theocracy </li></ul><ul><li>A government headed by religious authorities with laws determined by the dictator of the particular religion or sect. </li></ul><ul><li>Only Male members of the church could vote or hold office </li></ul><ul><li>Congressional ministers determined the nature of lawful behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Dissent was not tolerated and led to severe punishment or exile </li></ul><ul><li>The Salem witch trials and public outcry in the colony led to an easing of theocracy by 1700 </li></ul>
  • 7. Salem, 1648
  • 8.  
  • 9. Being pressed by stones as a death penalty
  • 10.  
  • 11. “ Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live” Exodus 22:18
  • 12. Hysteria <ul><li>Emotional instability cause by trauma: an emotionally unstable state brought about by a traumatic experience </li></ul><ul><li>State of extreme emotion </li></ul><ul><li>Mental condition with physical symptoms: heart disease, paralysis, pain, vomiting, weakness, tics, and chills </li></ul><ul><li>So convincing doctors sometimes authorize sugery </li></ul>
  • 13. What can cause hysteria? <ul><li>Political leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Paranoia </li></ul><ul><li>Calamity </li></ul><ul><li>Mass fear </li></ul><ul><li>Also can be propelled by the media (t.v. radio) </li></ul>
  • 14. Examples of Hysteria <ul><li>“War of the Worlds” radio broadcast (1938) </li></ul><ul><li>9/11 – Terrorism – Airport security </li></ul><ul><li>Blizzards – Supermarkets </li></ul><ul><li>Hurricane Katrina </li></ul><ul><li>Communism – “The Red Scare” </li></ul><ul><li>Columbine Tragedy </li></ul>

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