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Mesoamerica Presentation

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Mesoamerica powerpoint for teaching 8th grade students

Mesoamerica powerpoint for teaching 8th grade students

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  • 1. Mesoamerica – advanced native civilizations of Central America – Maya, Aztec and Inca.
  • 2.
    • Where did humans first originate?
    • How did people first come to America?
  • 3. Maya – 300 – 900 C.E bloody civilization on the Yucatan peninsula (Mexico).
    • Lived in the rainforest and built cities in the jungle
      • *Gods fed on and survived on human blood– human sacrifice.
      • *Built pyramids
  • 4. Huge cities – many cities. Some with over 40,000 people
  • 5. My sister’s been here!!!
    • Chichen-Itza . – sacred Mayan religious center.
  • 6.  
  • 7. Indent this under Chicken-Itza
    • Pok-a-tok – sacred ball game of the Maya.
      • Using only head, knees and elbows get a rubber ball through a hoop thirty feet off the ground.
      • Winners win great prizes.
      • Losers are sacrificed.
  • 8.  
  • 9. Brutal but brilliant
    • Hieroglyph writing system –
      • One of only five original writing systems invented.
    • Maya math – used zero. Used a form of decimal system
            • = five
            • = one
  • 10.  
  • 11.
    • Great astronomers - predict eclipses of sun and moon. Believed the earth moved through cycles of birth and destruction.
      • December 23rd, 2012 – Mayan Day of Doom – The end of this cycle according to the Maya.
      • Around 900 C.E. the Maya abandon their cities and return to the jungle. No one knows why.
  • 12.
    • Empire ruled by an emperor
    • Capital city of Cuzco
    • Bodyguards wore golden armor
    • Inca - 1200-1500 C.E. 2,500 mile long, 12 million people empire in the Andes Mountains in S. America.
  • 13. Farmed the Andes Mts.
    • Lived and farmed on the sides of mountains – potatoes and corn
    • Terrace farming – cutting steps into mountain sides for farming.
  • 14.  
  • 15. Inca never invented the wheel!
    • Never invented the wheel – used llamas as work animal.
  • 16. Great road system
    • Road system – suspension bridges, way stations, runners to carry messages.
  • 17. Coca leaf - chew for a burst of energy – like caffeine.
    • Cocaine
  • 18.  
  • 19. No written language
    • Quipas – no written language – knots and colored ropes to keep track of goods and records for business.
  • 20. All Inca cities destroyed except…
    • Machu Picchu – religious city in the clouds.
    • Not discovered until 1911.
      • 50 ton blocks cut precisely
      • No mortar! Everything cut perfectly.
      • Incan mummies!
      • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RK0PVKfN7M0
  • 21.  
  • 22.  
  • 23.  
  • 24.  
  • 25.  
  • 26. Aztecs – 1200 – 1500 A.D. – warlike empire conquered all of Mexico.
    • Huitzilopochtli – sun and war god of the Aztecs.
    • Demanded constant feeding of human blood.
  • 27. FEEEEDDD!!!! MEEEEE!
  • 28.
    • Flowery Death – the honor of dying and feeding the god!
    • Aztecs sacrificed sometimes thousands a day.
    • Some were volunteers. Others were captured from war.
  • 29.  
  • 30. Aztecs conquer an empire
    • Obsidian swords – didn’t have metal. Made swords from volcanic rock obsidian.
        • Extremely sharp swords but brittle. Also wore cotton quilt armor.
  • 31. What do you do with an empire?
    • Tribute – nation is forced to pay heavy taxes to prevent invasion.
    • Gold and in captives for sacrifice. Aztecs were hated by the people they ruled.
  • 32. Put all that cash into the Aztec capital city!!!!
    • Tenochtitlan –great capital city of the Aztecs built in the middle of a lake. Held 300,000 people with canals for streets.
            • Aqueducts brought water to the city
            • Hundreds of pyramids to different gods. Some coated in gold!
            • Where present day Mexico City is
  • 33.  
  • 34.  
  • 35. Spanish invasions!
    • Conquistadors : conquerors. Given the right by Spain to hunt for treasure.
      • keep 1/5 of all treasure found.
  • 36. What treasure be there?
    • El Dorado : legendary 7 cities of gold in the Americas.
    • Hernando Cortez – Spanish conquistador who landed in Mexico in 1519 C.E. Has an army of 500 men, 16 horses and 14 cannon.
  • 37. Conquer or die!
    • Cortes lands in Mexico. Burns his ships.
    • Befriends native tribes.
    • Met by emissaries of the Aztecs. Cortes asks if they have any gold. They say lots.
    • “ Bring it to us, for I and my companions suffer from a disease of the heart that can only be cured by gold.”
  • 38. GREED!
  • 39. Cortez welcomed into Tenochtitlan!
    • Montezuma : Aztec emperor! Believes whites represent powerful nation.
    • Cortes also shows up in the year of the god Quetzalcoatl
    • Quetzalcoatl : white skinned god who once ruled over the Aztecs.
    • Spanish have horses, guns, and armor. Could Cortes be Quetzalcoatl?
  • 40.  
  • 41.
    • Spanish horrified by sacrifice and order it stopped. It is. Montezuma taken prisoner.
    • Months pass becomes obvious Cortes just greedy white guy. Aztecs chase them out.
    • A year later Cortes returns with a native army of 100,000.
    • But, most of the Aztecs are dead…
  • 42. Smallpox
  • 43.
    • Pizarro : Conquistador who conquers the Incas with 350 men. Tons of Gold.
    • Gold, gold, gold flows into Spain making Spain a superpower.
  • 44. Spanish empire!
  • 45. Columbian exchange – gifts exchanged by the Old World and the New World.
    • Europe gets
      • Tomatoes
      • Corn
      • Potatoes
      • Squash
      • Chocolate
      • Tobacco
    • America gets
      • Slavery
      • Smallpox
      • Conquest
      • Horses