Crusades Online

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Crusades powerpoint for teaching 8th graders.

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Crusades Online

  1. 3. <ul><li>Jihad </li></ul>Bush crusade
  2. 5. Rome falls, the East survives
  3. 6. Eastern Roman Empire <ul><li>When the Roman Empire fell, not all collapsed…the east survived as… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Byzantine Empire - Why does the East survive? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1) Massive wealth: Egypt and Greece extremely wealthy. Bribed barbarians. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2) Constantinople a mighty fortress </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 7. Constantinople’s defenses <ul><li>City built on a peninsula </li></ul><ul><li>40 foot walls, 50 foot towers </li></ul><ul><li>Massive sea walls </li></ul><ul><li>Great iron chain to protect harbor </li></ul><ul><li>Greek Fire : first secret weapon. Byzantines shot it out of cannons from ships and from walls. Inextinguishable. Burns on water. </li></ul>
  5. 9. The Empire strikes back! <ul><li>West is gone in 476 C.E. to the Germans. For a time the East tries to conquer it back. </li></ul><ul><li>600s C.E. the Byzantines are struck by two disasters. Disease kills 1/3 of their people. Second the Arabs explode out of Arabia conquering the Holy Land and Egypt from them. </li></ul>
  6. 10. Jerusalem holy to Muslims too!
  7. 11. Can’t we all just get along? <ul><li>By 1000 C.E. Muslims ruled Jerusalem for 400 years </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed Christians free passage to the holy sites in Jerusalem. </li></ul>Byzantines lost Turkey to Muslim invasion in 1071 C.E. Desperately needed help. Appeal to the Pope for help. Send Knights!
  8. 12. 20 years later! <ul><li>Pope Urban II – Pope who receives the Byzantine plea for military aid to retake Turkey. </li></ul><ul><li>Urban has his own issues… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>battling kings over simony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>previous Pope imprisoned </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a second Pope claimed he was false </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Europe constantly at war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He has little influence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demagouges - leaders who use emotional issues to gain power. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 13. Rome Clermont
  10. 14. Hmmmm…we’ll call it a crusade… <ul><li>1095 in a field outside the town of Clermont, France Urban calls for a… </li></ul><ul><li>Crusade – “to take the cross” holy war to free Jerusalem from the heathen Muslims. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Circumcise Christians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pee and poo on altars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cut out intestines looking for coins. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All lies. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crowd cries out “Deus lo Vult!” “God wills it” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Old and weak should not go. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you go all sins forgiven </li></ul></ul>
  11. 15. Your goal? <ul><li>Church of the Holy Sepulchre – church built on the site of Jesus’ death and resurrection. </li></ul><ul><li>Considered holiest site in Christendom. </li></ul>
  12. 16. Yay! Let’s go kill people for Christ! <ul><li>Word of Crusade spreads through Europe like fire through a tissue factory. </li></ul><ul><li>Peasant’s Crusade - villages are deserted as the peasants march off led by Peter the Hermit </li></ul>
  13. 17. Highlights of the P. Crusade <ul><li>Slaughter thousands of Jews before setting off. </li></ul><ul><li>Peter and perhaps 40,000 peasants arrive in Constantinople. Soon shipped over to Turkey. </li></ul><ul><li>Arrive and butcher a village. </li></ul><ul><li>It was a Christian village. </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim Turk force destroys the peasants. Only 2,000 survive. </li></ul>
  14. 18. What the???? <ul><li>Muslims slaughter the peasants. </li></ul><ul><li>Europe is shocked? Why didn’t God help them? </li></ul><ul><li>God punished the peasants for what they did to the Jews. </li></ul><ul><li>Real crusade will not fail! </li></ul><ul><li>First Crusade – Crusade of the lords. March to Constantinople. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Byzantines are stunned but agree to help the crusaders after they conquer Turkey. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 19. The plan Antioch
  16. 20. Antioch <ul><li>Byzantines will join crusaders at the edge of the Holy Land in Antioch. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Antioch – great city, extinct today. Twenty miles wall, 400 towers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>After nine months crusaders take the city. Frightful suffering. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Days later the crusaders are besieged by a huge Muslim force. No food or water. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 21. Crusaders are dying <ul><li>Weeks pass </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crusaders drink the blood of their horses. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eat horses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eat corpses from cemetery. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Byzantines heard the crusaders were dead and have returned home. </li></ul><ul><li>Who could help them? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>God! </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 22. <ul><li>Prayers answered? Crusaders find… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Holy Lance – spear that pierced Christ’s side. Makes an army invincible. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Three day fast and then the crusaders will attack. </li></ul><ul><li>Battle of the Lance – with the lance the crusaders ride out to face the Muslim army. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rusted armor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most on foot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some ride diseased cows </li></ul></ul>
  19. 23. Battle of the Lance Antioch Crusaders on cows Muslim Turks
  20. 24. On to Jerusalem <ul><li>Crusaders slaughter the Muslims. </li></ul><ul><li>Muslims believe Allah fights for the Christians. </li></ul><ul><li>One year later, the crusaders conquer Jerusalem… </li></ul><ul><li>Slaughter of Jerusalem : crusader zeal explodes as they kill all within Jerusalem, Muslims, Christians, and Jews. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>40,000 estimated killed. Christian and Muslim world shocked! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can the crusaders keep Jerusalem? </li></ul></ul>

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