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Motivation

Motivation

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  • 1. - Terreh H. Bell There are three things to remember about education. The first one is motivation. The second one is motivation. The third one is motivation.
  • 2. MOTIVATION: Principles, Theories, Applied to Students and Classroom Principles2 Principles, Theories Applied to Students and Classroom Principles
  • 3. 3 MOTIVATION: Principles, Theories, Applied to Students and Classroom Principles MOTIVATION - from latin ‘movere’ , “to move” WHY we do what we do?
  • 4. 4 MOTIVATION: Principles, Theories, Applied to Students and Classroom Principles KEY ELEMENTS
  • 5. 5 MOTIVATION: Principles, Theories, Applied to Students and Classroom Principles KEY ELEMENTS - how hard a person tries
  • 6. 6 MOTIVATION: Principles, Theories, Applied to Students and Classroom Principles - toward beneficial goal KEY ELEMENTS
  • 7. 7 MOTIVATION: Principles, Theories, Applied to Students and Classroom Principles KEY ELEMENTS - how long a person tries
  • 8. 8 MOTIVATION: Principles, Theories, Applied to Students and Classroom Principles THEORIES 1. CONTENT THEORIES 2. PROCESS THEORIES WHAT motivates us WHY and HOW motivation occurs
  • 9. 9 MOTIVATION: Principles, Theories, Applied to Students and Classroom Principles
  • 10. 1 MOTIVATION: Principles, Theories, Applied to Students and Classroom Principles MASLOW’S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS (Abraham Maslow) Growth needs Deficiency needs
  • 11. 1 MOTIVATION: Principles, Theories, Applied to Students and Classroom Principles ERG THEORY (Clayton P. Alderfer)
  • 12. 1 MOTIVATION: Principles, Theories, Applied to Students and Classroom Principles ERG THEORY (Clayton P. Alderfer) - simplified Maslow’s theory by categorizing hierarchy of needs into three categories (Physiological and safety needs) Love and Belonging needs Self-esteem, self-actualization
  • 13. 13 MOTIVATION: Principles, Theories, Applied to Students and Classroom Principles McGregor’s THEORY X AND Y (Douglas McGregor) - are two sets of assumptions about the nature of people
  • 14. 14 MOTIVATION: Principles, Theories, Applied to Students and Classroom Principles McGregor’s THEORY X AND Y (Douglas McGregor)
  • 15. 15 MOTIVATION: Principles, Theories, Applied to Students and Classroom Principles TWO FACTOR THEORY (Fredrick Herzberg) - Dual Factor Theory - Maintenance Theory of Motivation
  • 16. 16 MOTIVATION: Principles, Theories, Applied to Students and Classroom Principles - are necessary conditions to achieve a state of neutrality and address the question “why work here”. Hygiene factors - are the primary causes of motivation and address the question “why work harder” Motivator factors
  • 17. 17 MOTIVATION: Principles, Theories, Applied to Students and Classroom Principles McClelland’s Learned Needs Theory (David McClelland) - identified three types of motivational needs
  • 18. 18 MOTIVATION: Principles, Theories, Applied to Students and Classroom Principles - is characterized by the wish to take responsibility for finding solutions to problems, master complex tasks, set goals, get feedback on level of success
  • 19. 19 MOTIVATION: Principles, Theories, Applied to Students and Classroom Principles - is characterized by a desire to belong, an enjoyment of teamwork, a concern about interpersonal relationships, and a need reduce uncertainty
  • 20. 20 MOTIVATION: Principles, Theories, Applied to Students and Classroom Principles - is characterized by a drive to control and influence others, a need to win arguments, a need to persuade and prevail
  • 21. 21 MOTIVATION: Principles, Theories, Applied to Students and Classroom Principles - most people possess and portray a mixture of these characteristics. Some people display a strong bias toward a particular motivational need - an individual's need grouping changes as they grow, and those who do not naturally possess specific needs can acquire them through training and experience
  • 22. 22 MOTIVATION: Principles, Theories, Applied to Students and Classroom Principles
  • 23. 23 MOTIVATION: Principles, Theories, Applied to Students and Classroom Principles EQUITY THEORY (John Stacey Adam) -recognizes that individuals are concerned not only with the absolute amount of rewards for their efforts, but also with the relationship of this amount to what others receive
  • 24. 24 MOTIVATION: Principles, Theories, Applied to Students and Classroom Principles EQUITY THEORY
  • 25. 25 MOTIVATION: Principles, Theories, Applied to Students and Classroom Principles quit
  • 26. 26 MOTIVATION: Principles, Theories, Applied to Students and Classroom Principles EXPECTANCY THEORY (Victor H. Vroom) - argues that humans act according to their conscious expectations that a particular behavior will lead to specific desirable goals.
  • 27. 27 MOTIVATION: Principles, Theories, Applied to Students and Classroom Principles EXPECTANCY THEORY
  • 28. 28 MOTIVATION: Principles, Theories, Applied to Students and Classroom Principles
  • 29. 29 MOTIVATION: Principles, Theories, Applied to Students and Classroom Principles Goal-setting Theory (Edwin Locje) - proposes that motivation and performance will be high if individuals are set specific goals which are challenging, but accepted, and where feedback is given on performance.
  • 30. 30 MOTIVATION: Principles, Theories, Applied to Students and Classroom Principles Goal-setting Theory a. Set specific goals b. Set challenging goals c. Build goals acceptance and commitment d. Clarify goal priorities e. Provide feedback on goal achievement f. Reward goal accomplishment Key issues and principles in the goal- setting process:
  • 31. 31 MOTIVATION: Principles, Theories, Applied to Students and Classroom Principles Goal-setting Theory (Edwin Locje) a. Provide direction to the students in their learning b. Establish a frame of reference for feedback. c. Provide a foundation for behavioral self-management Motivational effects of task goals:
  • 32. 32 MOTIVATION: Principles, Theories, Applied to Students and Classroom Principles Born to learn
  • 33. • https://wikispaces.psu.edu/display/PSYCH484/ 2.+Need+Theories • https://sielearning.tafensw.edu.au/MBA/9791F /BusinessServices/LO/1207_020138_605F_02_ wi/1207_020138_605F_0204_wi.htmhttp://ozg urzan.com/management/management- theories/theories-about-motivation/ • http://web.uncg.edu/soe/bf_course669/docs_s ession_6/motivtion- whatteachersneedtoknow.pdf 33 MOTIVATION: Principles, Theories, Applied to Students and Classroom Principles SOURCES:
  • 34. 34 MOTIVATION: Principles, Theories, Applied to Students and Classroom Principles Thank you!  Jhenny Marie C. Juayong MAME Dr. Marivic T. Sanchez Professorial teacher