Mc seminar education 21st century

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  • 1. EDUCATION IN THE 21ST CENTURY: MEETING THE CHALLENGE Presented by John Medina
  • 2. Outline of Presentation The 21st Century Landscape The 21st Century Skills The 21st Century Learners The 21st Century Teaching The 21st Century Teachers
  • 3. THE 21ST CENTURY LANDSCAPE
  • 4. The future is here…
  • 5. What does the future hold? “Never before in the history of the planet have so many people – on their own – had the ability to find so much information about so many things and about so many other people.” From: The World is Flat by Thomas Friedman
  • 6. What does the future hold? “Today’s students live in a highly connected, interactive environment that they typically leave behind when they enter the classroom (Christen, 2009). ”
  • 7. What does our community look like in the 21st century? (Sanchez, 2003)  Knowledge-based economy  Global economy  New technology  Increasing social inequalities and environmental concerns
  • 8. What traits do people need to achieve success in the 21st century? Highly-trained workers People who are flexible, quick, and independent learners Can communicate in different languages - multilingual individuals Team players Socially-aware citizens
  • 9. THE 21ST CENTURY SKILLS
  • 10. 21st Century Skills certain core competencies such as collaboration, digital literacy, critical thinking, and problem-solving that schools need to teach to help students thrive in today's world.
  • 11. In summary, what are the essential 21st century skills? The 3R's 1. Reading 2. Writing 3. Arithmetic The 7 C’s 1. Critical Thinking 2. Creativity 3. Collaboration 4. Communication 5. Cross-cultural Understanding 6. Computer Literacy 7. Career-savvy
  • 12. THE 21ST CENTURY LEARNERS
  • 13. Who are the 21st Century Learners? Digital Native Digital Immigrant
  • 14. Digital Native vs. Digital Immigrant Digital Native – a person who was born during or after the general introduction of digital technologies and through interacting with digital technology from an early age, has a greater understanding of its concepts. Digital Immigrant – an individual who was born before the existence of digital technology and adopted it to some extent later in life.
  • 15. Digital Natives What is the learning profile of 21st Century students?
  • 16. Who are 21st Century Learners? Top Five Gifts for Teenagers • • • • • Portable Game Device Cell Phone Computer Video Game Console MP3 Player/iPods Source: Starkman, Neal (2007). Leave Me Alone.... T.H.E. Journal. 33-38.
  • 17. Digital Natives . . . • Are used to receiving information really fast • Like to parallel process and multitask • Prefer graphics before their text • Prefer random access (like hypertext) Adapted from Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants (Marc Prensky 2001)
  • 18. Digital Natives . . . • Function best when networked • Thrive on instant gratification and frequent rewards • Prefer games to “serious” work Adapted from Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants (Marc Prensky 2001)
  • 19. What are they missing? • Critical thinking – Reflection – Evaluation Adapted from Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants (Marc Prensky 2001)
  • 20. THE 21ST CENTURY TEACHING
  • 21. What schools should have to teach 21st Century Skills? (Rotherham &Willingham, 2009)  Better Curriculum  Better Teaching  Better Tests
  • 22. What we need now is an educational transformation that aligns the “how” and “what” of learning with the learners themselves and the world of work that awaits them after they leave school (Christen, 2009). Better Curriculum: How should schools prepare children to succeed? (Sanchez, 2003)
  • 23. Better Curriculum: How should schools prepare children to succeed? (Sanchez, 2003) Technology has the power to make the instructor a better facilitator or coach, bringing greater resources to bear in the classroom and adjusting the instruction to fit the individual (Christen, 2009).
  • 24. Better Teaching: What are schools still doing today? The emphasis on learning content is in direct contrast to the world outside the school walls where the technological capability to provide access to content, i.e., information at lightning speed, already exists (Pappas, 2009).
  • 25. Better Teaching: 4 Essential Rules of 21st Century Learning Instruction should be student- centered. Education should be collaborative. Learning should have context Schools should be integrated with society.
  • 26. Instruction should be student-centered. Teacher is a facilitator of learning Students work on meaningful tasks Different learning styles are encouraged Demonstration of learning in many different ways. Learning is about discovery, not the memorization of facts.
  • 27. Education should be collaborative. 21st Century Trend: Students are expected to work with people from other cultures with different values from their own. Democracy as a way of living is a way of behavior. This is reflected in our educational institutions and in the basic classroom group and class processes.
  • 28. Learning should have context  Context – the situation in which something happens: the group of conditions that exist where and when something happens.  Learning is contextual. Teach in meaningful contexts; connect your lessons to students’ life experiences, immediate environment and values.
  • 29. Schools should be integrated with society. In order to prepare students to become responsible citizens, we need to model what a responsible citizen is. Schools will often work at accomplishing this by creating events for the school community. Examples: NSTP, Community Immersion, Outreach Activities
  • 30. Better Teaching Teaching 21st Century Skills Constructivism in the Classroom
  • 31. Better Teaching: Constructivism  Learning is an active process in which learners constructs new ideas or concepts based upon their current/past knowledge and experience.  Learning is a search for meaning. As an active process the learner continuously revise past learning and "reconstruct" concepts as they interact daily with the environment.
  • 32. Better Teaching: Constructivism Learning is influenced by past experiences (prior knowledge). Learning occurs when a meaningful connection is established between prior knowledge and the present learning activity. It is likewise considered as a social process in which learners construct meaning through the "interaction" of prior knowledge and new learning events.
  • 33. Better Teaching: Constructivism Teacher assumes the role of a facilitator and provides a relevant experience from which meanings can be drawn. • Teacher provides meaningful relevant experiences for students from which students construct their own meaning (facilitation)
  • 34. Inquiry Reflection Research Investigations and Experimentations Problem-Solving Activities Projects Better Teaching: Constructivism Constructivist Classroom Strategies
  • 35. Traditional Teaching vs. Constructivist Teaching Example of Traditional Teaching • Topic: The Cask of Amontillado by Edgar Allan Poe (Focus on the Point of View) • Strategy: Students read the story. Teacher gives a lecture on the meaning of characterization and theme. Students answer factual questions by the teacher. • Assessment: Paper and Pen Test (Identification) Students memorize important facts and terms.
  • 36. Traditional Teaching vs. Constructivist Teaching Example of Constructivist Teaching • Topic: The Cask of Amontillado by Edgar Allan Poe (Focus on the Point of View) • Strategy: Students were given guide questions as pre-reading. In groups, they were asked to complete a graphic organizer (character maps) to discuss the role, similarities and differences of major characters. • Assessment: Mock Trial of Montresor. Students create their script and own witnesses (new characters). Teacher process the activity through the witnesses to discuss the concept of point of view. After reflecting, in pairs, students answer an essay question, “How does point of view affect the over-all development of a story?” Students share their answer before the class.
  • 37. Time-based Outcome-based Fragmented curriculum Integrated and interdisciplinary curriculum
  • 38. Focus: memorization of discrete facts Focus: What students know, can do and are like after all the details are forgotten Lessons focus on the lower level of Bloom’s Taxonomy Learning is designed on upper levels of Bloom’s and the updated Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy
  • 39. Diversity in students is ignored Curriculum and instruction address student diversity Literacy in the 3R’s – Reading, Writing and Math Multiple literacies of the 21st Century- aligned to living and working in a globalized new millennium
  • 40. Textbook-driven Limited access to information and knowledge Research-driven infinite access to materials/ sources (information and knowledge multiple) Passive learning Active learning
  • 41. Learners work in isolation Learners work collaboratively with classmates and others around the world-the global classroom Teacher-centered- teacher is center of attention and provider of information Learner-centered – teacher is facilitator/coach
  • 42. Low expectations High expectations- “if it isn’t good, it isn’t done.” Curriculum is irrelevant and meaningless to the students Curriculum is connected to student’s interests, experiences, talents and the real world (community engagement)
  • 43. Print is the primary vehicle of learning and assessing Performances, projects and multiple forms of media are used for learning and assessment Teacher as judge. No one else sees students work Self, peer and other assessments (public audiences.. Authentic assessments)
  • 44. Factory model, based upon the needs of employers for the industrial age of the 19th century Global model, based upon the needs of a globalized, high- tech society Goal- to master content knowledge (literature, history, science) Goal – to learn skills and strategies (access, analyze, evaluate, create) to solve problems
  • 45. Conceptual learning on individual basis Project-based learning on team basis
  • 46. Better Tests: What will be the way in assessing 21st century learners? Traditional test only measures specific content knowledge. Moving towards authentic assessment. Going beyond standardized tests.
  • 47. Instructional Strategies for 21st Century Education Project-based learning (PBL) is an approach to instruction that teaches curriculum concepts through a project. The project is guided by an inquiry question that drives the research and allows students to apply their acquired knowledge.
  • 48. Instructional Strategies for 21st Century Education Inquiry is an investigative process that engages students in answering questions, solving real-world problems, confronting issues, or exploring personal interests (Pappas & Tepe, 2002).
  • 49. THE 21ST CENTURY TEACHER
  • 50. Our Situation as Teachers…
  • 51. The Expectation to us, Teachers…
  • 52. The 21st Century Teacher: A Transforming Influence (Corpuz, 2012) Challenges Be Interesting Be Relevant Be More Effects Can share a lot Can do many things Can offer more Hindrances Material Poverty Cognitive Ignorance Psychomotor inadequacy
  • 53. The 21st Century Teacher is/has a… Digital native and ICT literate Critical and Creative Thinker Well- developed interpersonal intelligence Clear sense of direction and self-discipline Highly ethical and moral Accountable for high standards
  • 54. References:  Corpuz, B. B. (2012). The 21st Century Teacher: A Transforming Influence from The Professional Teacher. Quezon City: Lorimar Publishing, Inc.  Christen, A. (2009). Transforming the Classroom for Collaborative Learning in the 21st Century. Retrieved April 22, 2014, from http://lgdata.s3-website-us-east- 1.amazonaws.com/docs/1590/842745/transforming_the_classroom_ for_collaborative_learning_christen.pdf.  Kremer, M.L. (2008). Skills for a Knowledge Based Economy. Retrieved April 22, 2014, from http://www.old.huhs.org/district_news/Kremer_March_2008.pdf  http://www.teachthought.com/learning/4-essential-rules-of-21st- century-learning/