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  • 1. 21st Century Skills: New Directions and Paradigms in Today’s Teaching Presented by John Medina
  • 2. Rapid Change in the 21st Century  If our great, great, grandparents were suddenly transported to our present time, what elements of our society might be incomprehensible?  If you were to wake up from a 10- year coma, what might you find confusing?
  • 3. farming
  • 4. phone
  • 5. check out
  • 6. photography
  • 7. printing
  • 8. banking http://www.fdic.gov/about/learn/learning/how/imteller.html 
  • 9. paying for goods
  • 10. music
  • 11. personal communication
  • 12. information search
  • 13. What about education?
  • 14. We’re really good at preparing students for . . .
  • 15. Did you know
  • 16. A change – a systemic shift – is needed
  • 17. Conclusions Educational systems need to adapt to meet the needs of the digital natives in the 21st century The skills and knowledge required for work and civic life in the 21st century are shifting Society is changing
  • 18. HARD SKILLS VS. SOFT SKILLS What Counts as Knowledge?
  • 19. HARD SKILLS VS. SOFT SKILLS What Counts as Knowledge?
  • 20. HARD SKILLS VS. SOFT SKILLS What Counts as Knowledge?
  • 21. HARD SKILLS VS. SOFT SKILLS What Counts as Knowledge?
  • 22. What Counts as Knowledge? HARD SKILLS VS. SOFT SKILLS
  • 23. What Counts as Knowledge? HARD SKILLS VS. SOFT SKILLS
  • 24. What Counts as Knowledge? HARD SKILLS VS. SOFT SKILLS
  • 25. What Counts as Knowledge? HARD SKILLS •refers to professional knowledge, tools, or techniques that allows one to work. SOFT SKILLS • “people skills,” refer to those qualities that make an excellent worker.
  • 26. Work and Civic Skills • Released October 2, 2006, by The Conference Board, Corporate Voices for Working Families, Partnership for 21st Century Skills, and the Society for Human Resource Management groups.
  • 27. What skills are most important for job success when hiring a High School graduate? 80%  75%     70%  63%   58% 21st Century Skills Work Ethic  Collaboration     Good Communication  Social Responsibility   Critical Thinking & Problem Solving                   Are They Really To Work? 2006
  • 28. Of the High School students that you recently hired, what were their deficiencies? 81%  73%   70%   70%   58% 21st Century Skills Written Communication  Leadership   Work Ethic   Critical Thinking & Problem Solving   Self-Direction                 Are They Really To Work? 2006
  • 29. 95.4%  94.4%   93.8%   93.1%   93.1%   21st Century Skills   What applied skills and basic knowledge are most important for those you will hire with a four-year college diploma? Oral Communication  Collaboration   Professional/Work Ethic   Written Communication   Critical Thinking/Problem Solving             Are They Really To Work? 2006
  • 30. 78%  77%   76%   74%   74%   72%   21st Century Skills   What skills and content areas will be growing in importance in the next five years? Critical Thinking  Information Technology   Health & Wellness   Collaboration   Innovation   Personal Financial Responsibility         Are They Really To Work? 2006
  • 31. What are 21st Century Skills? certain core competencies such as collaboration, digital literacy, critical thinking, and problem-solving that schools need to teach to help students thrive in today's world.
  • 32. P21 Members
  • 33. The Partnership for 21st Century Skills is a public-private partnership organized to create an overall vision of how 21st century skills can be incorporated into K-12 education.
  • 34. 20th Century Education Model
  • 35. 21st Century Skills Framework
  • 36. Core Subjects & 21st Century Themes Standards & Assessment Information, Media, and Tech Skills Curriculum & Instruction Professional Development Learning Environments Learning and Innovation Skills Life & Career Skills The leading advocacy organization infusing 21st century skills into education. www.21stcenturyskills.org
  • 37. 21st Century Skills and K to 12 …produce holistically developed Filipinos who have 21st century skills and are prepared for higher education, middle level skills development, employment, and entrepreneurship ~ DepEd Primer, 2011
  • 38. 21st Century Learning: What does it involve? 1. Emphasize core subjects 2. Emphasize learning skills 3. Use 21st Century tools to develop learning skills (computers, internet, other technology) 4. Teach and learn in a 21st Century context (relevance to students’ life, authentic learning experiences, bring world into classroom, go out into the world) 5. Teach and learn 21st Century content 6. Use 21st Century assessment that measures 21st Century skills (classroom assessments and standardized tests)
  • 39. Framework for 21st Century Learning Core Subjects and 21st Century Themes Life and Career Skills Learning and Innovation Skills Information, Media and Technology Skills
  • 40. Core Subjects  English  Reading/Lang Arts  World Languages  Arts  Mathematics  Economics  Science  Geography  History  Government  Civics 21st Century Themes (21st Century Content) • Global Awareness • Financial, Economic, Business and Entrepreneurial Literacy • Civic Literacy • Health Literacy
  • 41. Learning and Innovation Skills  Creativity and Innovation Skills (ISTE 1)  Critical Thinking and Problem Solving Skills (ISTE 4)  Communication and Collaboration Skills (ISTE 2) Information, Media & Technology Skills • Information Literacy • Media Literacy • ICT Literacy (Information, Communications, and Technology)
  • 42. Life and Career Skills  Flexibility and Adaptability  Initiative and Self Direction  Social and Cross-Cultural Skills  Productivity and Accountability  Leadership and Responsibility
  • 43. Assessing and Teaching 21st Century Skills
  • 44. 21st century skills are generally specified as being taught through, within and across the subjects without the detail of how this is to Assessing & Teaching 21st Century Skills be achieved or what the responsibilities of each subject might be in achieving them. ~ ATCS, 2012 Assessing and Teaching 21st Century Skills
  • 45. • Creativity and Innovation • Critical Thinking, Problem-solving, Decision-making • Learning to learn; metacognition Ways of Thinking • Communication • Collaboration (teamwork) Ways of Working Assessing and Teaching 21st Century Skills
  • 46. • Information Literacy • ICT Literacy Tools for Working • Citizenship – local and global • Life and Career • Personal and social responsibility, including cultural awareness and competence Skills for Living in the World Assessing and Teaching 21st Century Skills
  • 47. Possibilities for incorporating 21st Century Skills . . .  Project based learning  School-wide projects where students explore passions  Internships  Student driven action research projects  Authentic service learning  Other . . . .
  • 48. Digital Story Telling  Push your student’s creativity, writing, sequencing, and articulating a message with digital story telling. (Windows MovieMaker and iMovie work great too.) •http://www.primaryaccess.org/ds.htm • http://www.coe.uh.edu/digital-storytelling/ http://www.readwritethink.org/materials/storymap/ http://digitalstorytelling.coe.uh.e du/movie_social_studies_02.ht ml
  • 49.  YouTube. Okay, so it’s blocked in many schools, but it is a location for students to publish their videos.  TeacherTube. Many schools are allowing this site. Teacher and student created videos are available.  Ustream. Want to air a live broadcast to the world? (Your pen pals in Argentina want to see the cool experiment you are doing in Eau Claire.) It’s possible with Ustream. All you need is a video camera. Online Video Hosts http://www.youtube.com/ http://www.teachertube.com/ http://www.ustream.tv/
  • 50. Blogs  Use as a newsletter to communicate with families or as a forum for parent/student/tea cher discussion on topics covered in class  Students can use blogs to talk with the world about books they have read, comment on issues, request feedback, use to differentiate by having them respond to leveled questions etc. http://edublogs.org/ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NN2I1pWXjXI Blogs in Plain English
  • 51. Web Quests  Inquiry, problem solving, critical thinking are all promoted in high quality web quests.  What is a Web quest? A web quest is an assignment which asks students to use the World Wide Web to learn about and/or synthesize their knowledge a specific topic. http://webquest.org/index.php http://bestwebquests.com/default.asp http://ses.hermiston.k12.or.us/reeve_po wetrywebquest http://its.guilford.k12.nc.us/webquests/ plantquest/index.htm http://its.guilford.k12.nc.us/webquests/forest /forest.htm http://newman.needham.k12.ma.us/lear ningmaps/webquests/new_math_poetry /main.htm
  • 52. References:  “How to Build a Student for the 21st Century”, TIME Magazine, December 18, 2006  “Are They Really To Work?” 2006  P21_Framework_Definitions. (2009). Partnership for 21st Century Skills