The Golden age of Athens What were the major cultural achievements of Athens? Essential Question:
Burned to the ground! What happened to Athens at the end of the Persian Wars?
Predict what life was like during this time. With a partner, write down specific ideas. After the victory during the Persian Wars, we begin a period called the “Golden Age of Athens”
460 – 429 B.C.E. Pericles, leader of Athens
Rebuilt the city Constructed the Parthenon (most famous temple in Athens)
First to pay government employees, so that poor men could also participate Made reforms to democracy to help it grow
Public Spaces Agora = open assembly place
Public Spaces Acropolis = hill above the city where temples were built
Gods and goddesses looked and often acted like humans
Had power over particular area of life
Religion Zeus: Ruler of the gods Athena: goddess of wisdom and war
Mount Olympus (a real mountain in Greece) is the home of the gods Myths = stories about the gods
Write down the role of each of the 12 most important gods and goddesses of Mt. Olympus. Gods Goddesses
Greek’s idea of beauty = importance of balance and order Greek Architecture
3 Styles of Columns
Doric = simple, slimmer at top
Corinthian = most complex, carvings like leaves, with a base
Ionic = scrolled, thin with a base
VERY important to Western architecture
Homework Find a building that has Greek columns in the USA or Europe to show the influence of Greek architecture on Western civilization. It can be in your hometown or in a major city. Post it to our class on Edmodo with the following info: Location (address, if you can find it) A link to a picture Say whether the columns are Doric, Ionic, or Corinthian. You cannot repeat a building another student has chosen!
Church St-Gervais-et-St-Protrais in Paris, France.
Parthenon = temple to Athena
Parthenon = temple to Athena 0:00-10:50 49:10 -52:15
Greek sculptures were colorful
Greek sculpture Egyptian Early Greek
Greek sculpture Early Greek Golden Age
Phidias One of most famous Greek sculptors
Greek Theater CHEERS! Original plays grew out of songs and dances performed at harvest to honor Dionysus.
Greek Theater All actors were male. Wore masks to show different characters (male and female) and make expressions clear.
Greek Theater Tragedy depicts the downfall of a basically good person through some fatal error or misjudgment, producing suffering for the main character and arousing pity and fear on the part of the audience. A comedy is a story of the rise in fortune of a sympathetic central character.
Greek Theater 2:19-
Means “the love of wisdom” Study of fundamental problems with rational arguments Loved to talk, argue, and debate Greek Philosophy NEW IDEAS
Greek Philosophy – Discussed: How the natural world worked Meaning of life, justice, truth, and beauty
Greek Philosopher - Socrates Question everything you know.
Greek Philosopher - Socrates Taught by asking questions What makes a good life? What is truth? How do you know? Led students to think about their beliefs Said he was the wisest man in Greece because he recognized how little he knew.
Greek Philosopher - Socrates Sentenced to death for “not honoring the gods” and “leading young people into error.”