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The Golden Age of Athens

The Golden Age of Athens






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    The Golden Age of Athens The Golden Age of Athens Presentation Transcript

    • The Golden age of Athens
      What were the major cultural achievements of Athens?
      Essential Question:
    • Burned to the ground!
      What happened to Athens at the end of the Persian Wars?
    • Predict what life was like during this time.
      With a partner, write down specific ideas.
      After the victory during the Persian Wars, we begin a period called the “Golden Age of Athens”
    • 460 – 429 B.C.E.
      Pericles, leader of Athens
    • Rebuilt the city
      Constructed the Parthenon (most famous temple in Athens)
    • First to pay government employees, so that poor men could also participate
      Made reforms to democracy to help it grow
    • Athenian homes
    • Public Spaces
      Agora = open assembly place
    • Public Spaces
      Acropolis = hill above the city where temples were built
      • Gods and goddesses looked and often acted like humans
      • Had power over particular area of life
      Zeus: Ruler of the gods
      Athena: goddess of wisdom and war
    • Mount Olympus (a real mountain in Greece) is the home of the gods
      Myths = stories about the gods
    • Write down the role of each of the 12 most important gods and goddesses of Mt. Olympus.
    • Greek’s idea of beauty = importance of balance and order
      Greek Architecture
    • Columns
    • 3 Styles of Columns
      • Doric = simple, slimmer at top
      • Corinthian = most complex, carvings like leaves, with a base
      • Ionic = scrolled, thin with a base
      VERY important to Western architecture
    • Homework
      Find a building that has Greek columns in the USA or Europe to show the influence of Greek architecture on Western civilization.
      It can be in your hometown or in a major city.
      Post it to our class on Edmodo with the following info:
      Location (address, if you can find it)
      A link to a picture
      Say whether the columns are Doric, Ionic, or Corinthian.
      You cannot repeat a building another student has chosen!
    • Church St-Gervais-et-St-Protrais in Paris, France.
    • Parthenon = temple to Athena
    • Parthenon = temple to Athena
      49:10 -52:15
      • Greek sculptures were colorful
      Greek Sculpture
    • Greek sculpture
    • Greek sculpture
      Early Greek
    • Greek sculpture
      Early Greek
      Golden Age
    • Greek sculpture
    • Greek sculpture
    • Phidias
      One of most famous Greek sculptors
    • Greek Theater
      Original plays grew out of songs and dances performed at harvest to honor Dionysus.
    • Greek Theater
    • Greek Theater
      All actors were male.
      Wore masks to show different characters (male and female) and make expressions clear.
    • Greek Theater
    • Greek Theater
    • Greek Theater
    • Greek Theater
      Tragedy depicts the downfall of a basically good person through some fatal error or misjudgment, producing suffering for the main character and arousing pity and fear on the part of the audience.
      A comedy is a story of the rise in fortune of a sympathetic central character.
    • Greek Theater
    • Greek Theater
    • Means “the love of wisdom”
      Study of fundamental problems with rational arguments
      Loved to talk, argue, and debate
      Greek Philosophy
    • Greek Philosophy – Discussed:
      How the natural world worked
      Meaning of life, justice, truth, and beauty
    • Greek Philosopher - Socrates
      Question everything you know.
    • Greek Philosopher - Socrates
      Taught by asking questions
      What makes a good life?
      What is truth?
      How do you know?
      Led students to think about their beliefs
      Said he was the wisest man in Greece because he recognized how little he knew.
    • Greek Philosopher - Socrates
      Sentenced to death for “not honoring the gods” and “leading young people into error.”
    • Greek Philosophers