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The Golden Age of Athens
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The Golden Age of Athens

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The Golden Age of Athens The Golden Age of Athens Presentation Transcript

  • The Golden age of Athens
    What were the major cultural achievements of Athens?
    Essential Question:
  • Burned to the ground!
    What happened to Athens at the end of the Persian Wars?
  • Predict what life was like during this time.
    With a partner, write down specific ideas.
    After the victory during the Persian Wars, we begin a period called the “Golden Age of Athens”
  • 460 – 429 B.C.E.
    Pericles, leader of Athens
  • Rebuilt the city
    Constructed the Parthenon (most famous temple in Athens)
  • First to pay government employees, so that poor men could also participate
    Made reforms to democracy to help it grow
  • Athenian homes
  • Public Spaces
    Agora = open assembly place
  • Public Spaces
    Acropolis = hill above the city where temples were built
    • Gods and goddesses looked and often acted like humans
    • Had power over particular area of life
    Religion
    Zeus: Ruler of the gods
    Athena: goddess of wisdom and war
  • Mount Olympus (a real mountain in Greece) is the home of the gods
    Myths = stories about the gods
  • Write down the role of each of the 12 most important gods and goddesses of Mt. Olympus.
    Gods
    Goddesses
  • Greek’s idea of beauty = importance of balance and order
    Greek Architecture
  • Columns
  • 3 Styles of Columns
    • Doric = simple, slimmer at top
    • Corinthian = most complex, carvings like leaves, with a base
    • Ionic = scrolled, thin with a base
    VERY important to Western architecture
  • Homework
    Find a building that has Greek columns in the USA or Europe to show the influence of Greek architecture on Western civilization.
    It can be in your hometown or in a major city.
    Post it to our class on Edmodo with the following info:
    Location (address, if you can find it)
    A link to a picture
    Say whether the columns are Doric, Ionic, or Corinthian.
    You cannot repeat a building another student has chosen!
  • Church St-Gervais-et-St-Protrais in Paris, France.
  • Parthenon = temple to Athena
  • Parthenon = temple to Athena
    0:00-10:50
    49:10 -52:15
    • Greek sculptures were colorful
    Greek Sculpture
  • Greek sculpture
  • Greek sculpture
    Egyptian
    Early Greek
  • Greek sculpture
    Early Greek
    Golden Age
  • Greek sculpture
  • Greek sculpture
  • Phidias
    One of most famous Greek sculptors
  • Greek Theater
    CHEERS!
    Original plays grew out of songs and dances performed at harvest to honor Dionysus.
  • Greek Theater
  • Greek Theater
    All actors were male.
    Wore masks to show different characters (male and female) and make expressions clear.
  • Greek Theater
  • Greek Theater
  • Greek Theater
  • Greek Theater
    Tragedy depicts the downfall of a basically good person through some fatal error or misjudgment, producing suffering for the main character and arousing pity and fear on the part of the audience.
    A comedy is a story of the rise in fortune of a sympathetic central character.
  • Greek Theater
    2:19-
  • Greek Theater
  • Means “the love of wisdom”
    Study of fundamental problems with rational arguments
    Loved to talk, argue, and debate
    Greek Philosophy
    NEW IDEAS
  • Greek Philosophy – Discussed:
    How the natural world worked
    Meaning of life, justice, truth, and beauty
  • Greek Philosopher - Socrates
    Question everything you know.
  • Greek Philosopher - Socrates
    Taught by asking questions
    What makes a good life?
    What is truth?
    How do you know?
    Led students to think about their beliefs
    Said he was the wisest man in Greece because he recognized how little he knew.
  • Greek Philosopher - Socrates
    Sentenced to death for “not honoring the gods” and “leading young people into error.”
  • Greek Philosophers
    Plato
    Aristotle