In the Know: Copyright and the Classroom


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In the Know: Copyright and the Classroom

  1. 1. In the Know<br />Copyright and the Classroom<br />©<br />Cindy Fuller<br />Debbie Campbell<br />Denise D. Green<br />Joe Hardenbrook<br />Amanda Pippitt<br />Presented by Staley Library Faculty:<br />December 2009<br />
  2. 2. In the Know: Copyright and the Classroom<br />Important laws and legislation<br />Scenarios involving copyright<br />Resources for additional investigation<br />Image source: “fuzzy copyright.” URL: <br />
  3. 3. Copyright: What’s Protected<br />Scribbles<br />Domain Names<br />Graffiti<br />Books<br />Titles<br />Simple Phrases<br />Music<br />Articles<br />Doodles<br />Movies<br />Ballets<br />Photographs<br />Facts<br />Ideas<br />Software<br />Plays<br />U.S. gov’t works<br />Sculpture<br />Slogans<br />Architecture<br />Paintings<br />Pantomimes<br />Names<br />recipes<br />Websites<br />
  4. 4. Laws & Legislation<br />Copyright mentioned in the U.S. Constitution<br />U.S. Copyright Act 1790, 1909, 1976<br />Full-text of Act<br />Fair use (1976)<br />Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act (1998)<br />Digital Millennium Copyright Act (1998)<br />TEACH Act (2002) (sec. 13301) – Distance ed. issues<br />
  5. 5. What makes something copyrighted?<br />U.S. Copyright Act, Section 102(a)<br />Original work of authorship<br />Fixed in a tangible medium of expression now known or later developed<br />Source: U.S. Copyright Office. (2009). Copyright Law of the United States and Related Laws Contained in Title 17 of the United States Code. Retrieved 23 Nov. 2009 from <br />
  6. 6. When/How is something copyrighted?<br />Automatic…when you create something original that is “fixed,” it’s copyrighted!<br />Not required to register it with the U.S. Copyright Office.<br />Don’t have to use the ©. <br />Assume that almost every work is protected by copyright.<br />Source: Crews, K. (2000). Copyright Essentials for Librarians and Educators. Chicago: American Library Association. <br />
  7. 7. How long is copyright?<br />Generally, works today are life of author + 70 years. (Thanks, Sonny!)<br />Copyright Term and the Public Domain<br />Flowchart of Copyright Length<br />Copyright Slider<br />Image source: “Stopwatch.” URL: <br />
  8. 8. Fair Use<br />Section 107 of the U.S. Copyright Act<br />4 Factors <br />Fair Use Checklist (Columbia Univ.)<br />
  9. 9. Face-to-Face Teaching<br />Section 110 of the U.S. Copyright Act<br />Exemption for “performance or display of work by instructors or pupils in the course of face-to-face teaching activities…in a classroom or similar place devoted to instruction.”<br />Must be lawfully-obtained copy<br />
  10. 10. TEACH Act<br />Technology, Education and Copyright Harmonization Act<br />Guidelines of the transmission of digital materials to distance education students<br />Not as broad as “fair use.”<br />Technological requirements – limited access, limited time, restricted dissemination<br />Sample Checklist (No. Carolina St. Univ.)<br />
  11. 11. Scenario #1<br />Professor Smith reads an article on The Chronicle of Higher Education web site about faculty salaries.<br />She copies and pastes the article into her e-mail and forwards to the entire faculty.<br />Copyright violation?<br />
  12. 12. Scenario #1: Answer….Yes<br />She copied the article and sent it out without the copyright owner’s permission.<br />Instead: Send out small excerpt or a link to the article.<br />See if the institution has a site license with The Chronicle.<br />Example:<br />
  13. 13. Scenario #2: Question<br />The student “Italian Club” has a “Movie Night” on campus and shows some DVDs.<br />Acceptable / Not Acceptable???<br />Image source: “Bitter Rice.” URL: <br />
  14. 14. Scenario #2: Answer…Need more info<br />Further Info: Copyright Advisory Office, Columbia University. (2009). Showing Films and Other Media. Retrieved 23 November 2009 from <br />
  15. 15. Scenario #3: Question<br />Professor Jones wants to post a journal article in Moodle.<br />Is this OK?<br />
  16. 16. Scenario #3: Answer…It Depends<br />Source: Copyright Advisory Office, Columbia University. (2009). Posting Course Materials Online. Retrieved 23 November 2009 from <br />
  17. 17. Scenario #4: Question<br />Professor Smith goes to Blockbuster to rent Pride & Prejudice to show in his English Lit class.<br />Is this a violation of copyright?<br />Image source: “blockbuster.” URL: <br />
  18. 18. Scenario #4: Answer…It’s OK!<br />Why?<br />Qualifies under Section 110 of the U.S. Copyright Act<br />Source: Russell, C. (Ed). (2004). Complete Copyright: An Everyday Guide for Librarians. Chicago: American Library Association.<br />
  19. 19. Scenario #5: Question<br />Professor Jones brings 2 copies of a CD to put on reserve in the Library for her music appreciation class. OK or not?<br />What if she burns a CD for Library Reserves with a compilation of tracks from various CDs in her own personal collection?<br />Copyright violation???<br />
  20. 20. Scenario #5: Answer…Yes & Maybe<br />Beware: Music copyright can be a tricky area & (along with video copyright) is often more strictly interpreted.<br />Copying an entire CD would be a copyright violation, similar to copying an entire book.<br />Making a compilation CD for educational purposes could be argued as fair use, as long as it is made from legally owned copies.<br />
  21. 21. Scenario #6: Question<br />Professor Smith is teaching an online class, “Media & Society,” and is using Moodle.<br />He wants to show a clip from the local news about a murder. <br />Can he do this without violating copyright/TEACH Act?<br />Image source: “one of the local news vans.” URL: <br />
  22. 22. Scenario #6: Answer…Hmm?<br />Short clip = fair use / Entire broadcast doesn’t<br />Factual news story. Not a dramatic work. In favor of fair use.<br />Display clip for only a short time and only to enrolled students. – TEACH Act<br />Exemption for media & film studies under the DMCA.<br />
  23. 23. Scenario #7: Question<br />Student in your class finds an image on the Web that she wants to manipulate and use in a class project.<br />Is this a copyright violation?<br />Image source: “Condensed Consommé.” URL: <br />
  24. 24. Scenario #7: Answer…Maybe?<br />No explicit guidelines on what types of changes she would have to make to consider it “original.”<br />Need to look at image permissions, or ask for permission.<br />People do this all the time.<br />Does that make it OK?<br />
  25. 25. Scenario #8: Question<br />Professor Jones wants to make a collection of assorted readings (photocopies of various journal articles and book chapters) available to his students as course packs that his students would purchase from the bookstore.<br />Is this OK?<br />Image source: “vaiadoin’ homework.” URL: <br />
  26. 26. Scenario #8: Answer…It Depends<br />If copyright permissions for each reading are not obtained, then it&apos;s NOT OK! <br />Copyright permissions must be obtained for each course pack item.  If the permissions are obtained, then all is well for that semester.<br />Keep in mind that copyright permissions are usually granted for one semester only.  New permissions must be obtained for course packs in each course, each semester. <br />
  27. 27. Now It’s Clicker Time…<br />
  28. 28. How often do you use course packs in your classes?<br />Every semester<br />Once a year<br />Once in a while<br />Never<br />
  29. 29. Are copyright permissions obtained for your course packs?<br />Yes<br />No<br />Sometimes<br />I never use coursepacks<br />
  30. 30. If copyright permissions were simple to obtain, would you use course packs more often?<br />Yes<br />No<br />
  31. 31. Today’s copyright workshop was…<br />Very useful<br />Somewhat useful<br />Not useful<br />
  32. 32. Resources<br />Staley Library Copyright Information<br /><br />United States Copyright Office<br /><br />Columbia Univ. Copyright Advisory Office<br /><br />NCSU Digital Scholarship & Publishing Ctr.<br /> <br />Copyright Clearance Center<br /><br />Know Your Copyrights<br /> <br />
  33. 33. Bibliography<br />Armatas, S.A. (2008). Distance Learning and Copyright: A Guide to Legal Issues. Chicago: American Bar Association.<br />Butler, R. (2009). Smart Copyright Compliance for Schools: A How to Do It Manual for Librarians. New York: Neal-Schuman.<br />Hoffmann, G.M. (2005). Copyright in Cyberspace 2: Questions and Answers for Librarians. New York: Neal-Schuman.<br />LaFrance, M. (2008). Copyright Law in a Nutshell. St. Paul, MN: Thomson/West.<br />Lipinski, T.A. (2006). The Complete Copyright Liability Handbook for Librarians and Educators. New York: Neal-Schuman.<br />Rosen, R.S. (2008). Music and Copyright. New York: Oxford. <br />Russell, C. (2004). Complete Copyright: An Everyday Guide for Librarians. American Library Association.<br />Simpson, C. (2008). Copyright for Administrators. Columbus, OH: Linworth.<br />Westbrook, S. (Ed.). (2009). Composition & Copyright: Perspectives on Teaching, Text-making, and Fair Use. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.<br />
  34. 34. In the Know: Copyright and the Classroom<br />Thank you for attending!<br />This presentation is not copyrighted and may be freely distributed with attribution given to the authors.<br />Note: This presentation does not constitute legal advice , nor does it serve as a substitution for legal counsel. <br />The presentation is adapted from “Copyright Issues in Higher Education” given by Joe Hardenbrook and Amanda Pippitt.<br />