III. Protestant Reformation Abuses in the Church Pope competed with princes for political power Sold indulgences – lessening of the time a soul would have to spend in purgatory
B. Luther’s Protest (German Monk) Wrote 95 Theses against indulgences No basis in the bible Pope had no authority to release souls from purgatory, Christians could be saved only through faith. He was excommunicated from the church.
Luther’s Teaching Argued salvation was achieved through faith alone Bible the sole source of religious truth Rejected the idea that priests had special powers Translated bible to German vernacular
Spread of Lutheran Ideas Used the name Protestants to show that they protested papal authority. People believed Lutheranism was an answer to Church corruption.
John Calvin Preached predestination- God already determined who would gain salvation Two groups of People, saints and sinners Set-up a theocracy – government ran by the church