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  • 1. The Renaissance in Italy
    • I. The Italian City States
    • A. Why Italy?
    • 1. Remains of Roman heritage
    • 2. Cities were centers of trade
    • 3. Powerful merchant class – stressed education & individual achievement
  • 2.
    • B. The Medici’s
    • 1. The Medici family was among the wealthiest families in Florence
    • 2. They used their power for politics and financial support of the arts.
    • 3. Many artists learned their trade while visiting the Medici palace.
  • 3. II. What was the Renaissance?
    • A. New Worldview
      • 1. A time of creativity and change among politics, social, economic and culture.
      • 2. It was a time of rebirth after the Middle Ages
      • 3. Focus was on the here and now - not life after death.
  • 4.
    • B. Spirit of Adventure
      • 1. Christopher Columbus sailed to the Americas
      • 2. Copernicus changed the way people viewed the universe.
      • 3. Writers and artists began experimenting with new forms of the arts.
  • 5.
    • C. Humanism
      • 1. The heart of the Renaissance was intellect.
      • 2. Focus was on worldly objects instead of religious issues.
      • 3. They studied Greek and Roman texts.
  • 6. III. Golden Age of Arts
    • A. New Techniques
      • 1. Art reflected humanist concerns.
      • 2. Paintings became more realistic, learning how to use perspective.
      • 3. Women became painters (many allowed their husbands to pass the work as theirs).
    • 4. The architecture resembled the styles of ancient Greece and Rome.