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European Exploration The Search for Spices

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The First Global Ages: Europe and Asia …

The First Global Ages: Europe and Asia
The Search for Spices
Exploration of Asia


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  • 1. The First Global Age: Europe and Asia
    The Search for Spices
  • 2. Trade
    Black Death and Mongol Empire breakup
    Population grew
    Demand for trade goods grew
  • 3. Spices
    Spices
    Cinnamon
    Cloves
    Nutmeg
    pepper
    Uses
    Preserve food
    Flavor
    Medicines
    Perfumes
  • 4. Explore the Seas
    Motives
    Gain direct access to Asia
    Wealth
    Crusade against the Muslims
    Desire to learn more about the lands beyond Europe
    Improved Technology
    Cartographers
    Astrolabe
    Caravel
  • 5. Portugal Sails Eastward
    African Coast
    Prince Henry the Navigator (1394-1460)
    Explored the western coast of Africa
    Diaz rounded the southern tip of Africa (Cape of Good Hope)
    Opened the way for a sea route to Asia
  • 6. Portugal Sails Eastward
    India
    Vasco da Gama reached to spice port of Calicut
    Lost half their ships and sailors
    Died of hunger, thirst, and scurvy
    Sold at profit of 3000 %
    1502 forced a treaty of friendship with Calicut
  • 7. Columbus Sails to the West
    Italian Navigator
    Two Errors
    He greatly underestimated the size of the Earth
    He had no idea that two continents lay in his path
  • 8. Columbus
    Financer: Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain
    Isabella wanted to spread Christianity in Asia
    Three Ships
    Nina
    Pinta
    Santa Maria
  • 9. Columbus
    August 3, 1492 Columbus sailed west
    October 12, 1492“LAND, LAND”
    Several months exploring
    1493 Returned to Spain a hero
  • 10. Lines of Demarcation
    Pope Alexander VI set a Line of Demarcation dividing the non-European world into two zones
    Spain had trading and exploration rights in lands west of the line
    Portugal had the same rights east of the line.
    The line ran due north and south 100 leagues (about 300 mi) west of the Azores and Cape Verde Islands.
  • 11. Search Continues
    Vasco Nunez de Balboa
    Ferdinand Magellan
    Hacked a passage through the tropical forests of Panama
    Named the new sea Balboa Sea
    November 1520, ships entered a bay at the southern tip of South America
    Charted a passage known as the Strait of Magellan
    Emerged from Balboa South Sea (renamed the Pacific Ocean)
  • 12. Ferdinand Magellan
    One ship and 18 sailors completed the voyage
    September 8, 1522 the survivors reached Seville
    Continued across the Pacific Ocean
    Four months at sea
    March 1521 reached the Philippines
    Magellan was killed in a local conflict
  • 13. Northwest Passage
    John Cabot
    Jacques Cartier
    Henry Hudson
    England searches a northerly route
    French explored the St. Lawrence River
    Dutch explored the Hudson River

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