Enlightenment
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Enlightenment

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Enlightenment Enlightenment Presentation Transcript

  • The Enlightenment and the American Revolution
  • Philosophy in the Age of Reason
    How did scientific progress promote trust in human reason?
    How did the social contract and separation of powers affect views on government?
    How did new ideas affect society and the economy?
  • Vocabulary
    Natural laws
    Social contract
    Natural rights
    Philosophe
    Physiocrat
    Laissez faire
  • Enlightenment Ideas Spread
    What roles did censorship and salons play in the spread of new ideas?
    How did philosophes influence enlightened despots?
    How did the Enlightenment affect arts and literature?
    Why were the lives of the majority unaffected?
  • Vocabulary
    Censorship
    Salon
    Enlightened despot
    Baroque
    rococo
  • Frederick the Great- King of Prussia
    Catherine the Great- Empress of Russia
    Joseph II- Hapsburg Emperor
  • The Night Watch
    Self-Portrait
    Rembrandt
  • Baroque Art
    Diego Velasquez
    Bernini
    Peter Paul Rubens
    Rembrandt
  • Diego Velázquez
    Pope Innocent X
    Las meninas
  • Bernini
    Ecstasy of Saint Teresa
    Fountain of the Four Rivers
  • Equestrian Portrait of the Duke of Lerma
    The Judgment of Paris
    Peter Paul Rubens
  • Rococo Style
    painting and decoration characterized by lightness, delicacy, and elaborate ornamentation
    Marie-Antoinette and her Children
    The Village Bride
  • The Embarkation for the Island of Cythera
    Chardin: Grace at Table
  • Rococo Commode
    Grand Salon, Hôtel de Roquelaure
  • Britain at Mid-Century
    What influences spurred Britain’s rise to global power?
    How did the growth of constitutional government reflect conditions in politics and society?
    How did George III reassert royal power?
  • Vocabulary
    Constitutional government
    Cabinet
    Prime minister
    Oligarchy
  • Constitutional Government
    Political Parties
    Tories landed aristocrats who sought to preserve older traditions
    Whigs backs the policies of the Glorious Revolution
    Cabinet made up of leaders in House of Commons
    Prime Minister – head of the cabinet
  • George III
    Set out to restore royal power
    Wanted to end Whig domination
    Taxed colonies to defend themselves
    Cabinet ruled restored after the defeat in the American Revolution
  • Birth of the American Republic
    What were the chief characteristics of the 13 English Colonies?
    How did growing discontent lead to the American Revolution?
    How did the new constitution reflect the ideas of the Enlightenment?
  • Vocabulary
    Popular sovereignty
    Loyalist
    Federal republic
  • The 13 Colonies
    American Revolution
    French Alliance
    Benjamin Franklin
    Treaty of Paris 1781
    Constitution
    Thomas Jefferson
    George Washington