Philosophy in the Age of Reason How did scientific progress promote trust in human reason? How did the social contract and separation of powers affect views on government? How did new ideas affect society and the economy?
Vocabulary Natural laws Social contract Natural rights Philosophe Physiocrat Laissez faire
Enlightenment Ideas Spread What roles did censorship and salons play in the spread of new ideas? How did philosophes influence enlightened despots? How did the Enlightenment affect arts and literature? Why were the lives of the majority unaffected?
Vocabulary Censorship Salon Enlightened despot Baroque rococo
Frederick the Great- King of Prussia Catherine the Great- Empress of Russia Joseph II- Hapsburg Emperor
The Night Watch Self-Portrait Rembrandt
Baroque Art Diego Velasquez Bernini Peter Paul Rubens Rembrandt
Diego Velázquez Pope Innocent X Las meninas
Bernini Ecstasy of Saint Teresa Fountain of the Four Rivers
Equestrian Portrait of the Duke of Lerma The Judgment of Paris Peter Paul Rubens
Rococo Style painting and decoration characterized by lightness, delicacy, and elaborate ornamentation Marie-Antoinette and her Children The Village Bride
The Embarkation for the Island of Cythera Chardin: Grace at Table
Rococo Commode Grand Salon, Hôtel de Roquelaure
Britain at Mid-Century What influences spurred Britain’s rise to global power? How did the growth of constitutional government reflect conditions in politics and society? How did George III reassert royal power?
Vocabulary Constitutional government Cabinet Prime minister Oligarchy
Constitutional Government Political Parties Tories landed aristocrats who sought to preserve older traditions Whigs backs the policies of the Glorious Revolution Cabinet made up of leaders in House of Commons Prime Minister – head of the cabinet
George III Set out to restore royal power Wanted to end Whig domination Taxed colonies to defend themselves Cabinet ruled restored after the defeat in the American Revolution
Birth of the American Republic What were the chief characteristics of the 13 English Colonies? How did growing discontent lead to the American Revolution? How did the new constitution reflect the ideas of the Enlightenment?
Vocabulary Popular sovereignty Loyalist Federal republic
The 13 Colonies American Revolution French Alliance Benjamin Franklin Treaty of Paris 1781 Constitution Thomas Jefferson George Washington