Conquest in the americas

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Conquest in the americas

  1. 1. The First Global Age:Europe, the Americas, and Africa<br />Conquest in the Americas<br />
  2. 2. First Encounters<br />1492 Christopher Columbus landed in the West Indies<br />Encountered the Taino people<br />Lived in villages<br />Grew corn, yams, and cotton<br />Friendly and generous toward the Spanish<br />
  3. 3. First Encounters cont.<br />Settled on the islands of Hispaniola<br />Seized the gold ornaments worn by the Tainos, then made them pan for gold<br />Forced them to convert Christianity<br />Natives unknowingly exposed to European Diseases<br />Smallpox, measles influenza<br />
  4. 4. The Conquistadors<br />Hernan Cortes<br />Landed in Mexico 1519 with 600 men, 16 horses and cannons<br />Arrange alliances with discontented groups<br />Moctezuma(Aztec Emperor)<br />Believed Cortes was the god-king<br />Sent gifts of gold and silver<br />
  5. 5. Fall of the Aztecs<br />In 1521 Cortes captured and destroyed the Aztecs<br />Spanish later built Mexico City on the Aztec Capital<br />
  6. 6. Incas<br />Francisco Pizarro<br />Arrived in Peru in 1532<br />Spanish destroyed the Incas after demanding treasures<br />
  7. 7. Reason for Spanish Victory<br />Superior military technology<br />Division and discontent among the Indians <br />Disease brought by the Europeans weakened the Aztecs and Incas<br />Many Indians believed that the disasters they suffered marked the world’s end<br />

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