European Footholds in Southeast Asia and India<br />
Portugal’s Empire in the East<br />Trading Outposts<br />Portuguese attacked Aden and took Ormuz, gateway to the Persian Gulf<br />50 years Portuguese built a trading empire with military and merchant outposts<br />Portugal controlled the spice trade between Europe and Asia<br />
Portugal’s Empire in the East<br />Impact<br />Had neither the strength nor the resources to conquer much territory on land<br />Missionaries attacked Muslims, destroyed Hindu temples and introduced the Inquisition<br />
Rise of the Dutch<br />Dutch warships and trading vessels put the Netherlands in the forefront of European commerce.<br />Set up colonies and trading poses around the world<br />Built Cape Town<br />
Dutch Dominance<br />1602 Dutch East India Company formed<br />1641 captured Malacca and opened trade with China<br />Monopoly in the Spice Islands<br />Used military force<br />Forged closer ties with local rulers<br />Dutch merchants married Asian women<br />
Spain Seizes the Philippines<br />Claimed the archipelago in 1521<br />Set out to convert Filipino people to Christianity<br />Became a key link in Spain’s overseas trading empire<br />Shipped silver mined from Mexico and Peru across the Pacific to buy goods in China<br />
Mughal India and European Traders<br />Industry and Commerce<br />India lead in textile manufacturing<br />Exported silk and cotton cloth<br />
Mughal India and European Traders<br />British-French Rivalry<br />British and French become locked in a bitter struggle for global power<br />1756 war erupted in Europe<br />Robert Clive used British army to drive French from trading posts<br />Company became the real ruler of Bengal<br />
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