20100418sos

1,259 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,259
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
7
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

20100418sos

  1. 1. Jeff Hammerbacher + Aaron Koblin Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  2. 2. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  3. 3. Rise of the Data Scientist Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  4. 4. • Coding • Statistics • Visualization • Communication Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  5. 5. Rise of the Data Artist Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  6. 6. • Coding • Statistics • Visualization • Exploring, celebrating, and questioning Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  7. 7. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  8. 8. A History of the DSM (Abridged) Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  9. 9. • 1917: APA produces “Statistical Manual for the Use of Institutions of the Insane” • 1943: Medical 203 Emil Kraeplin • 1949: ICD version 6 • 1840/1880 U.S. Census: covers mental disorders Categories and counts • 1952: DSM-I is published • Late 19th century: Kraeplin gets “clinical” at • 130 pages the Tartu University Clinic in Estonia • 106 mental disorders Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  10. 10. DSM: Evolution Title Year Pages Disorders DSM I 1952 130 106 DSM II 1968 134 182 DSM III 1980 494 265 DSM III-R 1987 567 292 DSM IV 1994 886 297 DSM IV-TR 2000 943 365 DSM V 2013 ? ? Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  11. 11. Motivations Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  12. 12. 1. “81 Words that Changed the World” Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  13. 13. 2. War and Mental Health Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  14. 14. 3. Healthcare Reform Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  15. 15. Understanding Mental Health Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  16. 16. Impact on America • 26.2 percent of American adults suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder every year • 6 percent of American adults suffer from a serious mental illness • $57.5B spent in 2006 to treat mental disorders: equivalent to the amount spent on cancer and the third-largest category of expense in American health care today Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  17. 17. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  18. 18. Problem 1: Definition Can we increase certainty in our ontology? • ICD and DSM name different categories of • DSM publishes four sourcebooks to detail their empirical methodology and findings • Volumes 1 - 3 are literature reviews • Volume 4 has 40 re-analyses and 12 field trials Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  19. 19. Problem 2: Diagnosis Can we recognize health as well as disorder? • Diagnosis done using symptoms, not causes • Decision trees and sample cases published as supplements to the DSM • Differential Diagnosis supplement highlights similar disorders • Structured Clinical Interview for the DSM • Sill issues: “On being sane in insane places” Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  20. 20. Problem 3: Treatment Can we heal effectively and at low cost? • When a new disorder is identified, how is a new treatment prototyped and developed? • What are the cost and outcomes of existing treatments? • What does the drug development pipeline look for critical disorders? • How do non-drug treatment options interact with treatment via drugs? Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  21. 21. Project 1: Visualizing the DSM Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  22. 22. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  23. 23. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  24. 24. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  25. 25. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  26. 26. Project 2: Redesigning the DSM Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  27. 27. Healthcare Communities Online • Could we build a community resource around the disorders identified in the DSM? • Empower patients to discuss their disorder with others • Allow psychiatrists to debate definitions Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  28. 28. The Benefits of a Community • Identify the most effective treatments and locations for treatment • Highlight where controversy still hides • Recall discussions around homosexuality • Potentially inform future versions of the DSM Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  29. 29. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  30. 30. “We need all kinds of minds” Tuesday, April 20, 2010

×