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animals

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Transcript

  • 1. Classification of Animals Chapter 1
  • 2. Classification
    • The process of grouping things based on their similarities.
    • Biologists use classification to organize living things into groups so that the organisms are easier to study .
  • 3. Aristotle
    • First classification system
    • Three major Classes
      • Fly
      • Swim
      • Walk, Crawl, or Run
  • 4. Linnaeus- Binomial Nomenclature
    • Each organism is given a two-part name
    • The first part of an organism’s scientific name is its genus. A genus is a classification grouping that contains similar, closely related organisms.
    • The second part of an organism’s scientific name is its species name. A species is a group of similar organisms that can mate and produce fertile offspring in nature.
  • 5. 7 Levels of Classification
    • Kingdom- broadest
    • Phylum
    • Class
    • Order
    • Family
    • Genus
    • Species- Most specific
  • 6. Evolution
    • The process by which species gradually change over time.
    • Species with similar evolutionary histories are classified more closely together.

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