WHAT IS METACOGNITION ?
is defined as "cognition about cognition",
or "knowing about knowing”
It can take many forms; it includes knowledge about
when and how to use particular strategies for learning
or for problem solving.
is the understanding and awareness of one's own
mental or cognitive processes.
after a student answers a question or makes a
statement, the teacher might say, "Why do you
think that?" or, "Is that the only possibility?"
or, What evidence do you have for that?" or, "Do
you have an example?"
THE METACOGNITIVE PROCESS
The metacognitive process enhances learning by
guiding students' thinking, and by helping the
learner follow a wise course of action as he or she
thinks through a problem, makes decisions, or
attempts to understand a situation or text.
COMPONENTS OF METACOGNITION:
Students Knowledge and Learning Strategies :
-- To use in a particular situation .
-- Which includes students ability to select, use, and
monitor learning strategies that complement their
learning styles in a specific situation.
WHAT IS MNEMONIC DEVICES ?
-- is any learning technique that aids information
retention. Mnemonics aim to translate information
into a form that the human brain can retain better
than its original form.
ROY G. BIV
= colors of the Rainbow ..
(Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo, Violet.)
METACOGNITION CAN BE DIVIDED IN TWO
TYPES OF KNOWLEDGE :
Explicit metacognitive knowledge
-- is the ability to monitor ones own cognitive
A perfect example is about a child who continually
is monitoring his/her own speech. When the child
makes a mistake when speaking they will stop and
say the sentence over again but correctly.
Explicit Metacognitive Knowledge
-- refers to the conscious factual knowledge
For instance, it easy to remember the major point in
the selection rather than to memorize the entire
Things happen to us that refers to our
understanding and knowledge of our own cognitive
METAMEMORY in regards to an individual's ability to
manage and monitor the input, storage, search and
retrieval of the contents of his own memory. (John
ESSENTIAL SKILLS OF
Is a form of decision making. Planning allows us to
decide on various aspects.
Means to have a special duty to be responsible.
Is developing a sound judgment about the process
and outcome of thinking.
STEPS IN METACOGNITIVE SKILLS:
Means identifying the problem.
SELECTION OF APPROPRIATE STRATEGIES:
Use a specific strategy.
Keeping tract of what we do and how well we are doing it.
The act of examining or judging the worth of learning and
the usability of a strategy.
MONITORING PROCESS OF
COGNITIVE SKILLS AND STRATEGIES
MONITORING SELF- AWARENESS ACTIVITIES
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN COGNITIVE AND METACOGNITIVE