For my Senior graduation project I chose to do child Poverty.
For as long as I can remember I have had a passion for little kids and helping others. Always doing babysitting jobs around my neighborhood and within my family. And for those of you that don’t know, In the morning I go to the tech school for early childhood education. We spend Tuesdays-Thursdays with the preschool children. However on Thursday we go to a special preschool called Central Montgomery Mental Health/ Mental Retardation Center. WE go to the preschool intervention program. (also known as P.I.P) This is a preschool for abused, neglected, mentally challenged, and poor children who can not afford the cost of a full time day care. When I went there the first week of school, I immediately knew what I was going to do my senior grad project on. Every Thursday I see the kids trying to make the best of there lives. I hear there sad stories and I want to make a difference.
I think you guys should be aware of the children all across the globe that don’t have as many valuables as we have. In my PowerPoint we will discuss many different ways to get involved and help them out as much as possible. Every little bit counts.I made an imovie to show the gruesome images of some children that have been born into poverty. The movie just gives a brief idea of how hard it is to wake up in the morning, wondering if there will be enough food to survive yet another day.
Poverty is the state of having little or no money to afford basic human needs. Some People think of Poverty as poor starving children, However not everyone suffering from poverty are so skinny you see bones popping out of them. Some people dealing with poverty depend on welfare but still have a happy family in a warm cozy house to live in.The most common method used to define poverty is income-based. A person is considered poor if his or her income level falls below a minimum level necessary to meet basic needs. This minimum level is called the “poverty line” which often varies in time and place.
I found this to be the perfect poem for poverty because it is exactly the definition of what these people are going through. Many people who have come in contact with poverty, struggled to get out of it. “poverty doesn’t know your age, or the color of your skin” because poverty is not a cultural occurrence, anyone can suffer from poverty. (www.glyn.surrey.sch.uk/pdf/faculties/Poverty.pd)
The poverty line varies depending on where in the world you are. However in the United States, a four-person family earning less than $22,050 a year sets the poverty standard. Based on that definition at least 14 million children (newborn to 18 years of age) live in poverty in the United States. Welfare is a program in which the government provides money or services to people who don’t have enough money to provide themselves and there family with necessities. Welfare is usually aimed mainly towards families with children, older individuals, and those with disabilities. Welfare can include many things such as food stamps, cash assistance, and Medicaid. Medicaid provides medical care to the poor, to children and to pregnant women living under the federal poverty level. It covers hospital and doctors visits, prenatal care, emergency room visits, and treatments. Only US citizens or lawfully admitted people with permanent residence may be eligible for Welfare in the United States. When an individual applies for welfare, his/her citizenship status is reviewed, along with everyone in the household. Each state has its own residency requirements as well. For example to be eligible in Pennsylvania, one must be living within the state and have the intention of remaining there.(http://www.grist.org/article/poverty1)
Poverty affects all ages, but an astonishing 48% of it’s victims are children. About 15 million children live below the official poverty line. Everyday 2,660 children are born into poverty; 27 die because of it. The amount of money the UK spends on chocolate each year, could make Africa not live in poverty. 100 billion pounds of food is wasted in America each year. 700 million human beings in different parts of the world would have gladly accepted this food.
Poverty has always been an issue. Its been a concern in societies since before the beginning of recorded history
. During the Great Depression, many people found life to be a daily struggle. The Great Depression put many people below the poverty line for almost ten years because families were unable to pay for the mortgage. 20% of American children were hungry and wearing improper clothing. During the winter children had no shoes and no warm clothes. During the Great Depression thousands of schools had to close down because they didn’t have the money to stay open. This left millions of children without an education. (http://newdeal.feri.org/eleanor/er2a.htm)
The dust bowl caused many people to leave there homes and travel west toward California to start a new lifestyle. During the dust bowl, it was very difficult for families to find food. Some even went to a local park to eat. Some parks had areas where fires could be built. People would eat a potato, hotdog, or meat stew. When they would start eating they had to put a plate over their drink so no dust would get in it. (http://library.thinkquest.org/TQ0312210/Dustbowl.html)
80 million acres were affected by the dust bowl. Many children died or had to adjust to a new way of life. Many families focused on where to live rather than the education of there children. A child needs to develop social skills, and one can develop them by interacting with others, and playing with toys. However the children in the dust bowl had no toys. They played with anything they could find which was dirt 99% of the time. (http://library.thinkquest.org/TQ0312210/Dustbowl.html)
Psychologist Abraham Maslow suggests in his hierarchy of needs that people need to fulfill basic needs before moving up the pyramid. The most basic needs are at the bottom of the pyramid and as you go up the pyramid, the needs become more complex.Biological and physical needs are the basic needs to survival. Such as air, food, drink, shelter, sleep, and warmth. Maslow believed these needs must be met first in order to move on because if a person was deprived of all needs, these would come first in a person’s search for satisfaction. Next on the ladder is Safety or security needs. Security needs are important for survival but not as demanding as the physiological needs. Some security needs include a desire for steady employment, health insurance, safe neighborhoods and shelter from the environment. One must feel protected in there environment in order to move onto Social needs. Social needs is where a majority of us are in life. The need for companionship and acceptance. After the first three needs have been satisfied, esteem needs becomes progressively more important. These needs reflect our self-esteem, personal worth, social recognition and achievement.Last but not least is Maslow’s theory of Self-actualization. People are self-aware, concerned with personal growth, less concerned with the opinions of others, and interested in fulfilling there potential. So most of us would consider ourselves to be pretty high up on the pyramid, however there are some people (adults and children) that cant fufill the basic needs of life. Without completing the Physiological needs, there life cannot progress.(http://honolulu.hawaii.edu/intranet/committees/FacDevCom/guidebk/teactip/maslow.htm.)
The causes of poverty are endless and can be striked by almost anything.A drought is caused by the decrease of precipitation over time. The cause of droughts is easily understood, but hard to prevent. A drought kills crops so everyone who depends on agriculture for income will be bankrupt. After them, everyone else will become impoverished because of the water shortages. A drought can impact everyone if given enough time. Many people rely on income and food from crops, and failure for crops to grow leads to poverty. Unlike other forms of severe weather or natural disasters, droughts can often develop slowly. Besides having no water for the crops to grow, a drought can also lead to changes in one’s lifestyle and an increased chance of health risks due to hygiene issues. Earthquakes, Hurricanes, flooding, and droughts can all cause harm to not only crops but animals as well. So when both animals and crops are destroyed, People find themselves starving. (http://weather.about.com/od/drought/f/droughts.htm) We all know how Haiti has been affected by the 2010 earthquake, and how Hurrincane Katrina in 2005 has killed many in New Orleans. The Quote that you see here, is from an eight year old boy named Jackson referring to Hurricane Katrina. (http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/17013247)
HIV/Aids also has a big contribution to poverty because in some areas clean sanitation and access to clean water is nearly impossible. HIV destroys apart of the immune system. The body starts to become ill, and useless which keep people out of jobs and could easily lead to being homeless.Children are seven times more likely to die from HIV/AIDS then humans. (http://treatmentforaids.blogspot.com)Maleria is a disease that is transmitted by a mosquito. Once a person has been bitten by a mosquito, fleas travel to the liver and start to quickly multiply. After multiplying enough, the liver cells release them into the blood stream, then attack the red blood cells.(http://www.vaccinations.com/au/PDF/deseases/malaria.pdf) Tuberculosis mainly affects the lungs. But it can reach as far into the body as your kidneys, spine or brain.(http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20081007124119AAVywOn)
When a mother is living in poverty during her whole pregnancy without food, shelter, medicine, etc. she is lucky to even have a child. But 67% of children born into poverty have a birth defect such as brain damage, missing limbs, extra limbs, or un proportional bodies.(http://topnews.net.nz/images/Birth-Defects.jpg)
http://www.smfws.com/images/carlitos–baby with birth defects attributable to pesticides (PBP).jpg
The world has too many people, not enough jobs. And not enough food. People continue to come to the United States looking for freedom and money. We are running out of jobs and food for everyone to have. Therefore leading to higher prices in food, fuel, housing. Etc. Economic causes can be solved through time. If the world continues to multiply, more and more people will be in debt which is the first step to poverty. We will soon fall into another recession. (http://uk.oneworld.net/guides/poverty?gclid=CMyHsr7crqECFQNinAodC3aL-Q#Economic_Recession)
Dishonest people may steal things from a market, and cause the prices to go up for everyone. Just because one person stole from a store, everyone must suffer. Racism and sexism causes to poverty go all the way back in history to slavery. There are still some discriminations within the world, some people get denied jobs just because of there race. This lowers everyone’s self-esteem and feel like they can’t go get a job, so they live in poverty. War is a major cause of poverty. People tend to loose everything as a result. Some children loose there families and end up homeless. Workers are killed or disabled, meaning they can not work. (http://www.scn.org/cmp/modules/emp-pov.htm)
There are different kinds of poverty that you can measure. There is relative poverty that can be measured to the rest of the population. Relative poverty is measuring less than fifty percent than the average income or wealth that a person has. That means that if you make less than half of what the average person makes you are considered to be poor. Relative poverty still means you are able to survive, but not to the standard that most are at. There is also absolute poverty. This means that you are unable to provide the necessary things that you need to survive in your daily life. Things like food, shelter and medical attention. It is calculated by dividing the the cost of food by the percentage of income that goes to purchasing food, and has been used to make the US poverty line since the 1960s.(http://mysociologicalimagination.wordpress.com/2009/04/05/what-is-poverty)
In 1996, the infant mortality rate in the United States was 7.3 deaths per 1,000 live births. Black infants in the U.S. died at more than twice the rate of white infants, according to the national center for health services. Iron-deficiency anemia is the most common type of anemia. It is characterized as a lack of iron in the blood, which is necessary to make hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is the protein molecule in red blood cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to the body’s tissues and returns carbon dioxide from the tissue to the lungs. Without hemoglobin children do not receive the proper air to survive. (http://www.frac.org/html/hunger_in_the_us/health.html)
Lack of hunger can have a major affect on children. Children dealing with hunger issues experience stunted growth, and lower concentration. A healthy body needs balanced nutrition because otherwise stinted growth occurs because the bones don’t get enough calcium to become strong. Bones can easily be broken when not giving enough calcium. Hunger makes learning and concentration lower. The eyes need vitamin A and teeth need calcium. Without proper vitamin and minerals, one could have visual impairments and teeth decay. As you can see in this picture, the child looks as if he has fangs. But his gums have bled and he’s teeth have decayed. Every child needs social skills to be successful in life, and these children have parents that are to worried about food, rather than there child’s education. A child suffering from hunger can also experience aching joints and muscle weakness.(http://www.freedomfromhunger.org/info/)(http://www.wfp.org/hunger/malnutrition)(http://www.jcl.com/content/upload/AssetMgmt/images/communityservices/DesertMission/Enewsletter/Summer%202008/2008-healthcare-fights-hunger.pdf)
134 million children between the ages of 7-18 have never been to school. LESS than 1% of what the world spent every year on weapons was needed to put every child into school by the year 2000 and yet it didn’t happen. There are approximately 246 million children that work instead of going to school. Depending on where in the world you are, will depend on weather girls or boys get the most education. It is a proven fact that girls get less education than boys because the girls have to cook and clean and help around the house. However statistics say that there are more girls that never get any form of education rather than boys who get a little. In the Middle East and North Africa, girls are three times more likely to be denied education. More guys drop out than girls, for no reason. UNICEF believes that for every 100 boys that are out of school, there are 115 girls in the same situation. For many people, education remains a privilege rather than a right. The poor are excluded because they cannot pay. Yet without education, the poor will never escape poverty. Children who don’t know how to read or write, usually have a low self esteem. They feel as if there not good enough for the world. The state correction officer bases the number of jail cells needed by third graders reading ability. Now imagine how many jail cells there are if nearly one billion people of all ages entered the 21st century unable to read a book or sign there names.
60% of Urban school children do not graduate from high school.
40% of those only read at a 4th grade reading level.
Being homeless exposes infants to environmental factors that can put there health into danger. Developmental delays are believed to influence later behavioral and emotional problems. Young children who are homeless, are often separated from their parents unless their parents are also suffering. Not having the love and affection growing up can lead to long-term negative effects. (http://www.fhfund.org/_dnld/reports/SupportiveChildren.pdf)
Homeless children are at greater risk of infectious diseases, asthma, and lead poisoning. Homeless children have really low graduation rates. And more than 100,000 youth sleep on American streets for six months or longer which could possibly lead to prostitution.
New study finds 45,000 deaths are annually linked to lack of health coverage.Researchers at Johns Hopkins Children’s Center analyzed data from more than 23 million children’s hospitals in 37 different states. Uninsured children faced a 60 percent increased risk of dying versus insured children. David C. Chang who is the co-director of the pediatric surgery outcomes group at the children's center, once said “If you take two kids from the same demographic background — the same race, same gender, same income level and the same illnesses — the kid without insurance is 60 percent more likely to die in the hospital than the kid in the bed right next to him or her who is insured”(http://prescriptions.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/10/30/lacking-insurance-hospitalized-children-more-likely-to-die/)(http://harvardscience.harvard.edu/medicine-health/articles/new-study-finds-45000-deaths-annually-linked-lack-health-coverage)
Poverty can effect children in many different ways. Children who live in poverty may experience adequate diets, substandard housing, stunted growth, and poor hygiene.(http://social.jrank.org/pages/500/Poverty-Consequences-Poverty.html)
Although Africa is the area with the highest percentage of poverty, its not the only one. Poverty is existing all across the globe. Less than 50% of Africa’s population has access to hospitals or doctors. Since the fall of communism in 1989, poverty in much of Eastern Europe and Central Asia has increased dramatically. India had the greatest number of poor people in any country-over 300 million people.India is one of the poorest countries in the world. Poverty in India is blamed on everything from the caste system to overpopulation. Everyday, people in India are forced to bathe in less than sanitary water, deal with harsh weather and poor crop growing conditions, try to provide for their families, and try to find sustainable jobs. Poverty is also not a good state to be in when Indian families have daughters and are expected to pay dowries when they get married. Poverty in India is getting smaller but it is still a major issue.Even though the poverty rate is getting smaller, India still has the world’s largest number of poor people in a single country. Of its nearly 1 billion inhabitants, an estimated 350-400 million are below the poverty line. Believe it or not, even people in the United states are dealing with the hardships that come with poverty.(http://www.indiaonestop.com/povertyindia.htm)
In 2003, the Census Bureau declared there were nearly 35 million poor people living in this country. And the number has only increased since then.Approximately two-tenths of America’s population, can not afford a phone, which technically makes them be considered poor. This is different than some people who choose not to have a phone.Pine Bluff, Arkansas; Albany and Macon, Georgia; Rocky Mount, North Carolina are the four top cities with the highest amount of poverty. All southern states. Every Southern state, with the exceptions of Virginia and Florida has a higher poverty rate then the American Average.
While we are spending millions of dollars to help other countries, people in the United States are going hungry, homeless, waterless and eventually dying. While a handful of citizens that are considered "poor" in the United States are just below the poverty line, the majority of the "poor" citizens in America are homeless.8.6 is the percentage of children living in poverty in 2005 in New Hampshire, the state with the fewest poor children in the U.S.31.2% of children lived in poverty in 2005 in Arkansas, the state with the most impoverished children in the nation. (http://www.soundvision.com/Info/poor/statistics.asp)
This is a chart representing the percent of the United States residents living in poverty. The green represents 0-9.3%. The yellow is 9.4%-13.9%. The tan is 14%-19.4% of US residents living in poverty. And as you get further south, you realize the percentages rise. The orange is 19.5%-27.9% and the red is 27.9%-58.9%.http://solutionsforworld.files.wordpress.com/2009/03/map_poverty.jpg
This is a chart of the child poverty rate in the United States. The white represents child poverty rate less than 20 percent. And the red represents child poverty rate 20% or higher. Notice once again in the south is where the most poverty is occuring.http://www.dailyyonder.com/recession-rural-america-numbers/2009/09/13/2344
Poverty exsits locally too. This is a chart from 2008, concerning the Philadelphia region. It is a chart of all the different races and the percentages of humans living below the poverty line. As you can see here, hispanics, African Americans and an unknown race or mixed people are the one suffering from poverty the most.
33% of those who do not have a high school diploma in Philadelphia live in poverty.56% of Philadelphia public schools qualify for free lunch80% of children in the Philadelphia region, drop out of high school between 8th and 9th grade.Average cost of a graphing calculator is $110. school supplies (not counting graphing calculator) is $56. half of philadelphia’s 9th graders will not graduate.http://www.wwscholars.org/support/facts.php
I can’t explain enough how poverty is happening everywhere , even in our own backyard. This chart is the amount of females living below the poverty level in Norristown, PA. Notice the highest level being 15 years of age and younger. Poverty is measured upon children based on the clothes they wear, the education they have interpreted, where they live, and their parents income.
Montgomery county’s estimated population in 2008 was 778,048. Children below the age of 18 make up 23.1% of Montgomery county’s population. Children age 5 and under make up 6.1% of the population. 3.1% of those children are living on or below the poverty line.(http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/42/42091.html)
With the way the economy is today, more and more people are becoming poor and financially disabled. As prices continue to rise, our future begins to see more percentage of people in poverty. All the children suffering from a poor shelter, poor education, and very little food have become America’s future. Some people never grow out of poverty, therefore are dealing with poverty while they are adults. With the world continue the way it is, we will experience more stock market crashes and as I said earlier, poverty could possibly lead to another recession. This is a quote from Miss Katene of Philadelphia.http://www.maoriparty.org/index.php?pag=nw&id=855&p=all-will-suffer-if-child-poverty-lingers.html
Future without poverty is a non-profit organization that breaks the myth of No Effect. Which is the belief that one person can not make a difference in poverty. But they work with business’s and colleges and much more to try to break this myth. One of the services that UNICEF conducts is Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF. Children can go Trick-or-treating for spare change instead of candy. All of the procedes go to other children who are in need. Feed the children has put numerous of tractor trailer trucks on the road and ships in the ocean to send food to the less fortunate all across the globe. Feed the Children also sends out books and would accept book donations as well. World Vision has many opportunities to help, including donating money, volunteering your time to help rebuild houses, providing emergency aid and sponsering children.
There are hundreds of ways to fundraise money for those poor children. You could have a bake sale, sell t-shirts with the looks of there sad faces on them, make bracelets to support them, 50/50 raffle tickets, talent shows, sell candy, etc. A canned food drive can be very easily organized within a school. Have a competition between each class to see who can bring in the most cans. Book Drives are always successful because there are always local children who need books. Today in this world there are many organizations that allow us to sponser a child of our own. As a child sponsor, you are connected with one special child who will know your name, write to you and feel your tender love and prayers. Your monthly sponsorship gift will provide a child with things such asClean water,Nutritious food, Health care, Educational opportunities, Spiritual nurture for only $35 a month. Or you can sponsor a hope child for the same price. A Hope Child is a child living in a community affected by AIDS. Your monthly sponsorship gift can help turn the tide of the HIV and AIDS pandemic! You can provide the same things with an addition of AIDS prevention, Care for sick or dying, and HIV/AIDS counseling.
For my application, I collected children’s books and donated them to P.I.P. I advertised around the community and within my church. The top left is a picture of the add in my church bulletin. I also asked family and friends for there donations. The bottom left and the picture on the right are only some of the books. I never did get a final picture with all the books. I managed to donate 207 childrens books.
When I went to drop off the books, all the kids recognized me even though I only go once a week. I think they were a little confused as to why I was there and leaving so quickly. The teachers kindly asked me to stay. I had nothing better to do, so I stayed for the day rather than the 90mins I usually stay. The children were thrilled to have new books to read and of course they all picked a book from my pile expecting me to read to every one of them. After reading about 15 books, I gathered the kids in a circle to sing songs. I was amazed at how many kids did not know there days of the week or even there abc’s. We sang a few songs, and played a few games.
For my class activity you will split into groups. I will hand out a grocery ads along with a piece of paper that has the amount of money you have to spend, and the amount of family members.You will each organize a grocery list spending no more than your total cost.
Of the 57 million people worldwide who died last year, 10.5 million of them were children less than 5 years old. I had you guys do that activity to open your eyes. There are people across the world who would consider themselves lucky if they could have a dollar a day. We can easily go into a grocery store and spend $100 for a week. They would be thrilled. Lets make a difference in the world by trying to eliminate poverty as much as we can. This project has really impacted me. I started out this project knowing it was an issue, but this project really allowed me to get into detail about serious child poverty really is.
Child Poverty By: Jessica Grover
Presentation Overview What is Poverty? Poverty throughout History Causes of Poverty Types of Poverty Where is it happening? What we can do to help Application Would you be able to survive? Conclusion
Thesis Children in the developing world spend most of their childhood struggling to survive, without much hope for a secure, productive life. Children are suffering all across the globe, even in places we could never imagine, such as only minutes away from our homes.
Personal Relevance Passion for Kids Helping others P.I.P.
Your Relevance Awareness Support Value your possessions
What is Poverty? Poverty is the lack of basic necessities that all human beings must have. Such as: Lack of Food and Water
What is Poverty? Poverty is the lack of basic necessities that all human beings must have. Such as: Lack of Shelter
What is Poverty? Poverty is the lack of basic necessities that all human beings must have. Such as: Lack of Education
What is Poverty? Poverty is the lack of basic necessities that all human beings must have. Such as: Lack of Medicare
What is Poverty? Poverty is the lack of basic necessities that all human beings must have. Such as: Lack of Security
Poverty doesn't know your age, or the colour of your skin, hedoesn't even care about the poor state that you're in. He doesn't want to know, if you're hungry, or you're cold, he justkeeps calm and quiet, while head bent you hold. Many who have met him are still with him today, not throughtheir own choices, but by him not giving way. Desperately needing clothes or shoes, so into purse you peer, you'llhave to wait another week, or visit charities you fear. He knows you've little money, and this he never defends, he knowsyou'll have to borrow, from loan sharks, or from friends He doesn't even blink an eye, when you're worse off than before, heswears, that it's your own fault, you must have known the score.
Qualifications A four-person family earning less than $22,050 a year sets the poverty standard 14 million children (newborn to 18) U.S. Poverty level is $10,400/year 200,000 U.S. youth are homeless Welfare
Miscellaneous Facts 48% of poverty victims are children. 15 million children (1/4th) live below poverty line. 2,660 children born into poverty UK Chocolate 100 billion pounds of food is wasted in America each year.
Homeless Effects all ages. Before birth Homeless mothers usually means unhealthy pregnancies. Infants Low birth rates Greater risk of death Endangered health. Lack immunizations Toddlers Developmental delays
Infectious disease Asthma Lead poisoning Low graduation rates 100,00 youth Homeless continued
Poverty in Philadelphia 33% without a high school diploma live in poverty 56% of school students qualify for free lunch 80% drop out of high school between 8th and 9th grade.
In our own backyard?!? http://www.city-data.com/poverty/poverty-Norristown-Pennsylvania.html
Poverty in Montgomery County 778,048 23.1% 6.1% 3.1%
Future of America “as far as I’m concerned, we should be calling for a state of emergency on this issue” -Miss Katene
Organizations FWOP (future without poverty) www.futurewithoutpoverty.org UNICEF www.unicef.org Feed the Children www.feedthechildren.org/site/PageServer?pagename=org_us_programs World Vision www.worldvision.org
What We Can Do to Help Fundraise Canned Food Drive Book Drive Sponser a Child