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  • 1. ADA Workshop
  • 2.
    • ADAAG, and what does it stand for?
    What does ADA stand for?
    • Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines
    Americans with Disabilities Act What portion of the ADA do we use as designers in our work?
  • 3. What is the ADAAG based on?
    • ANSI 117.1 (Created in 1980)
    • ADA originally written in 1990, most recent revision is July 1, 1994
    • All dimensions are for adults
    Sets of guidelines for accessibility to places of public accommodation & commercial facilities by individuals with disabilities To be applied during design, construction and alteration
  • 4. Contractual Wording
    • May…: denotes an option of alternative
    • Shall…: denotes a mandatory specification
    • Should…: denotes an advisory specification or recommendation
  • 5. ADA Vocab
    • Accessible: building, site, facility or a portion of that complies with these (ADAAG) guidelines
    • Accessible Route: a continuous, unobstructed path connecting all accessible elements & spaces of a building or facility
    • Ramp: a walking surface that has a slope of greater than 1:20 (max slope of 1:12)
    • Signage: Displayed verbal, symbolic, tactile and pictorial information
  • 6. Corridor Dimensions
    • Remember that what ever is stricter (codes vs. ADA) takes precedence
  • 7. Minimum stationary wheelchair footprint
  • 8. Forward Reach Dimensions
  • 9. Side Reach Dimensions
  • 10. Level Changes Max Pile Height for Carpet? ½” including backing
  • 11. Ramps
    • Anything with a slope greater than 1:20
      • 1” of rise for every 20” of run
    • Max slope of 1:12
      • 1” of rise for every 12” of run
    • 1:16 – 1:18 ideal
  • 12. Ramps
    • Landings must be the width of the ramp leading to it (minimum of 36” wide0
    • Landings must be 60” in length
    • Handrails must be located at both sides if the rise is greater than 6”
  • 13. Protruding Objects
  • 14. Clear Headroom
    • 80” minimum clear height
    • When clearance drops below 80” there must be a cane detection area below
  • 15. Stairs
  • 16. Handrails and Guardrails * Extension at bottom handrail must be equal to the depth of stair tread
  • 17. Elevators
  • 18. Elevators
  • 19. Doorway Clearances
  • 20. Doorway Clearances
    • 18” minimum clear on the latch pull side
    • 12” minimum clear on the latch push side
  • 21. Doorway Clearances
  • 22. Accessible Restrooms
  • 23. Typical Accessible Stall Configurations Door swings out 59”deep x 60”wide stall Door swings in 95”deep x 60”wide stall
  • 24. Grab Bar Locations
  • 25. Lavatory Clearances * Always insulate exposed pipes!
  • 26. Accessible Tub Configurations *All tubs should have grab bars on the 3 enclosed sides mounted at 33”-36” AFF
  • 27. Storage and Closet Design
  • 28. Clearance for Accessible Table Seating
  • 29. Scoping Provisions
    • Guidelines dictating number of required accessible fixtures, units or seats in a space
    • Scoping provisions vary by code, and some are more stringent than the ADA
  • 30. Scoping Provisions
    • Nightclub and restaurants must have 5% of seating accessible, but no less than one table
    • Exception: Mezzanines that are less than 33% of total occupancy area where no special services are provided
  • 31. Scoping Provisions
    • Fixed seating in assembly areas must have a variety of accessible seating in all price points and lines of vision and must be next to one companion seat
  • 32. Scoping Provisions
    • Business & Mercantile transaction counters
    • Minimum of 36” surface width no higher than 34” AFF
    • Clear space below counter must be a minimum of 30” wide x 27” high
  • 33. Accessible Residential Kitchens
  • 34. Accessible Residential Kitchens
  • 35. Accessible Residential Bathrooms
  • 36. Accessible Residential Bathrooms
  • 37. Accessible Residential Bathrooms