Reading skills

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Reading Strategies

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Reading skills

  1. 1. Reading Skillsjgonz59646@yahoo.com Mr. Gonzalez
  2. 2. Strategies that can help students read more quickly and effectively include:• Previewing: reviewing titles, section headings, and photo captions to get a sense of the structure and content of a reading selection• Predicting: using knowledge of the subject matter to make predictions about content and vocabulary and check comprehension; using knowledge of the text type and purpose to make predictions about discourse structure; using knowledge about the author to make predictions about writing style, vocabulary, and content
  3. 3. Strategies that can help students read more quickly and effectively include:• Skimming and scanning: using a quick survey of the text to get the main idea, identify text structure, confirm or question predictions• Guessing from context: using prior knowledge of the subject and the ideas in the text as clues to the meanings of unknown words, instead of stopping to look them up• Paraphrasing: stopping at the end of a section to check comprehension by restating the information and ideas in the text
  4. 4. When reading to learn, students need to follow four basic steps:• Figure out the purpose for reading. Activate background knowledge of the topic in order to predict or anticipate content and identify appropriate reading strategies.• Attend to the parts of the text that are relevant to the identified purpose and ignore the rest. This selectivity enables students to focus on specific items in the input and reduces the amount of information they have to hold in short-term memory.
  5. 5. When reading to learn, students need to follow four basic steps:• Select strategies that are appropriate to the reading task and use them flexibly and interactively. Students comprehension improves and their confidence increases when they use top-down and bottom-up skills simultaneously to construct meaning.• Check comprehension while reading and when the reading task is completed. Monitoring comprehension helps students detect inconsistencies and comprehension failures, helping them learn to use alternate strategies.
  6. 6. The skills of a strategic reader1. Predict – declaring in advance or to foretell on the basis of observation and/or experience.2. Visualize – forming mental pictures of scenes, characters and events.3. Connect – to link two things together or to associate and see a relationship.4. Question – to inquire or examine.5. Clarify – to make understandable or to become clear and free of confusion.6. Summarize – to concisely obtain the essence or main point of the text.7. Evaluate – to form an opinion about what you have read.
  7. 7. Ws and H (Who, What, When, Where, Why and How)• What is the setting?• Who are the main characters?• What problem did the main character face?• What attempts were made to resolve the problem?• How was the problem finally resolved?• What is the theme of the story?
  8. 8. Reading Clues Tom decided that • Deduction - What does the sentence concern? he desperately Which words does the needed the unknown word seem to glockum if he relate to? • Part of Speech – (verb, were to solve the noun, adjective, time problem. expression, etc.)What is a glockum?
  9. 9. Reading Clues Tom decided that • Chunking - What do the words around the he desperately unknown word(s) mean? needed the glockum if he were to solve the • Vocabulary Activation - problem. What does the text seem to concern?What is a glockum?
  10. 10. Make logical guesses about the meaning of the unknown words in the following paragraph.• Jack quickly entered the didot and cleaned the various misturaes he had been using to repair the wuipit. He had often thought that this job was extremely yullning. However, he had to admit that this time things seemed to be a bit easier. When he finished, he put on his redick and went back to the study to relax. He took out his favorite pipe and settled into the beautiful new pogtry. What a fantastic schnappy he had made when he had bought the pogtry. Only 300 yagmas!
  11. 11. • What could a didot be?• What part of speech is misturaes?• If Jack used the misturaes to repair the wuipit what do you think the mistraes must be?• What could yulling mean? - What part of speech is often used with an ending -ing ?• Which synonym could be used for yulling ?
  12. 12. Main Idea "What does the author say?" and, "Why does he say it?”Main idea follows a specific sequence: students must first be able to identify the keywords or topic of a sentence, then a paragraph, and finally a longer selection.1. Identifying the key words of a sentence2. Identifying key words or topic of a paragraph3. Identifying the topic sentence of a paragraph4. Recognizing an explicitly stated main idea of a paragraph5. Inferring the main idea of a paragraph6. Recognize relationships among main ideas in related paragraphs in longer selections7. Inferring relationships among main ideas in related paragraphs in longer selectionsRead more: http://www.primary-education-oasis.com http://www.primary-education-oasis.com/teaching-main-idea.html#ixzz1rHzkdonq
  13. 13. • Cats are the most interesting animals in the world! First, they can see in the dark. Second, they can jump really high. Last but not least, cats really try to talk to you when they want something. I think everyone should have one of these interesting animals as a pet.
  14. 14. Reading Comprehension
  15. 15. PHRASE TECHNIQUE Twenty-five percent of allhousehold burglaries can be attributed to unlocked windows or doors. Crime is the result of opportunity plus desire.
  16. 16. PARAGRAPH COMPREHENSION #1Twenty-five percent of all householdburglaries can be attributed to unlockedwindows or doors. Crime is the result ofopportunity plus desire.
  17. 17. PARAGRAPH COMPREHENSION #1Twenty-five percent of all householdburglaries can be attributed to unlockedwindows or doors. Crime is the result ofopportunity plus desire.
  18. 18. PARAGRAPH COMPREHENSION #1Twenty-five percent of all household burglariescan be attributed to unlocked windows or doors.Crime is the result of opportunity plus desire. Toprevent crime, it is each individualsresponsibility to A provide the opportunity. C prevent the opportunity. B provide the desire. D prevent the desire.
  19. 19. PARAGRAPH COMPREHENSION # 2From a building designers standpoint, three thingsthat make a home livable are the client, the buildingsite, and the amount of money the client has tospend. According to the passage, to make a homelivable A the prospective piece of land makes little difference. B it can be built on any piece of land. C the design must fit the owners income and site. D the design must fit the designers income.
  20. 20. QUESTION 3.Family camping has been described as the"biggest single growth industry in the boomingtravel/leisure market." Camping ranges frombackpacking to living in motor homes withcomplete creature comforts. It is both an end initself and a magic carpet to a wide variety ofother forms of outdoor recreation. It can be inferred from the passage that the LEAST luxurious form of camping is A backpacking C truck campers B travel trailers D motor homes
  21. 21. QUESTION 4.Most drivers try to drive safely. A major part ofsafe driving is the right speed. But what is the"right" speed? Is it 20 miles per hour, or 35, or60? That question is hard to answer. On somecity streets and in heavy traffic, twenty miles perhour could be too fast. On a superhighway, 35miles per hour could be too slow. Of course, agood driver must follow the speed limit, but hemust also use good judgment. The "right" speedwill vary by the number of cars, surface of theroad, and the visibility.
  22. 22. QUESTION 4.The general theme of this passage is that a gooddriver:A drives at 35 miles C always drives at the an hour. same speed.B adjusts to different D always follows the driving conditions. speed limit.
  23. 23. QUESTION 5Gardening can be an easygoing hobby, ascientific pursuit, an opportunity forexercise and fresh air, a serious source offood to help balance the family budget, ameans of expression in art and beauty, anapplied experiment in green plant growth,or all of these things together.
  24. 24. QUESTION 5All of the following are madepossible by gardening according tothe passage EXCEPT A relaxation. C experimentation. B exercise. D hard work.
  25. 25. QUESTION 6About three fourths of the surface of theearth is water. Of the 336 million cubic milesof water, most (97.2%) is found in the oceansand is salty. Glaciers hold another two percentof the total. Less than one per cent (.8%) isavailable as fresh water for people to use. Andmuch of that is not near people who need it.
  26. 26. QUESTION 6The amount of fresh water available for people to use is: A 97.2% C 2% B .8% D 3.8%
  27. 27. QUESTION 7Early settlers in the United States madethe most of the herring fishing season.When spring came the fish arrived in greatnumbers in the rivers. No nets or hookswere needed. Men used what was called apinfold. This was a large circular pen builtin shallow water. It was made by drivingstakes closely together in the floor of theriver.
  28. 28. QUESTION 7A pinfold was made with:A hooks and nets. C stakes driven into the river bottom.B only nets. D fishing rods.
  29. 29. Now you are on your own!!

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