The de Lome Letter-2/9/1898 <ul><li>“ Besides the ingrained and inevitable bluntness with which is repeated all that the press and public opinion in Spain have said, it once more shows what McKinley is, weak and a bidder for the admiration of the crowd besides being a would-be politician who tries to leave a door open behind himself while keeping on good terms with the jingoes of his party.” </li></ul>
Hearst- <ul><li>"The Worst Insult to the United States in Its History." </li></ul>
The “Splendid Little War”-John Hay <ul><li>4 months-April to July </li></ul><ul><li>Reunites America </li></ul><ul><li>Casualties: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. 3,549: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>332 battle + 260 Maine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spanish- 60,000: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6,000 battle </li></ul></ul>
Treaty of Paris, 1898 <ul><li>Dec. 10, 1898, the Treaty of Paris Spain ceded the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico (Cuba was granted its independence); in return, the US paid Spain $20 million </li></ul>
Protectorate-Cuba <ul><li>Commonwealth- </li></ul><ul><li>Guam, Philippines, Puerto Rico </li></ul>
Filipino Insurrection 1899- 1902 (1913) Over 1 million Filipino’s dead, 4,000 Americans “ avoid any entangling alliance with the insurgents” "Should our power be withdrawn, the government would speedily lapse into anarchy, which would excuse, if it did not necessitate, the intervention of other powers and the eventual division of the islands among them. Only through American occupation, therefore, is the idea of a free, self-governing, and united commonwealth at all conceivable.
Jingoism <ul><li>“ We must help our little brown brother” </li></ul>Rudyard Kipling-White Man’s Burden Take up the White Man's burden Send forth the best ye breed Go, bind your sons to exile To serve your captives' need; To wait, in heavy harness, On fluttered folk and wild Your new-caught sullen peoples, Half devil and half child.
Anti-Imperialist League <ul><li>Is this what our country is founded on? </li></ul>
Agree or Disagree <ul><li>We wrongly fought the Spanish American War for our own self interests and opportunities </li></ul>
Agree or Disagree <ul><li>We fight in Iraq due to a sense of responsibility to help those in need </li></ul>
Similarities and differences between 1898 and 2000s?
3 rd time in 36 years! <ul><li>Leon Czolgosz Electric Chair-October 1901 </li></ul>
Interesting … <ul><li>McKinley’s wife suffered epileptic seizures. He would place a handkerchief over her face so no one would watch. </li></ul><ul><li>Last president to serve in the Civil War </li></ul><ul><li>First president to have inauguration captured on film </li></ul><ul><li>Mount McKinley-Alaska </li></ul>
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