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The Constitution of the
United States
Bellwork:
Compromise: A settlement or agreement reached
between two sides, where each side gives
something to the other si...
The Great Compromise
Essential Question

What were the results of
the Great Compromise?
Upcoming Change
By the mid 1780’s most political leaders agreed the
Articles of Confederation need to be changed
Confedera...
Constitutional Convention
Key figures present:
James Madison
Benjamin Franklin
George Washington

Key figures absent
John ...
The Great Compromise
Some members wanted to make small changes
to the Articles of Confederation

Some wanted to rewrite th...
Virginia Plan
Large-state plan
Written by James Madison

Would give sovereignty-supreme power, to the national
government
...
New Jersey Plan
Small-state plan
Proposed keeping Congress’ structure the same
Unicameral-one house legislature
This would...
Great Compromise Cont’d
The Great CompromiseBroke the government into 3 Branches of
Government
Bicameral legislature:
Ever...
The Three-Fifths
Compromise
The debate over representation (how to count
people) also led to problems

Some Southern deleg...
Main Concepts
Most of the delegates wanted
a strong national government
Popular Sovereignty- idea that political authority...
Balance of Power
Legislative Branch: Congress
Proposes and passes laws
2 houses: Senate and House of Representatives

Exec...
Checks and Balances
Kept one branch from gaining too much power
Ex:
Congress proposes and passes laws
President can veto, ...
Federalists vs.
Antifederalists
Antifederalists- those that opposed the constitution
Felt the central gov’t had too much p...
Ratification
The Constitution needed approval of 9 states to
become ratified

Each state held conventions to give citizens...
Bill of Rights
Amendments- official changes, corrections, or
additions

The Bill of Rights would appear as a series of
Ame...
Constitution’s flexibility
Has clear guidelines and principles
Can be changed and updated to stay current with
new times a...
Constitution
Constitution
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Constitution

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Notes on the formation of the U.S. Constitution

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Transcript of "Constitution"

  1. 1. The Constitution of the United States
  2. 2. Bellwork: Compromise: A settlement or agreement reached between two sides, where each side gives something to the other side. Journal: Describe a time when you had to compromise with someone. Who did you compromise with and what was the compromise?
  3. 3. The Great Compromise
  4. 4. Essential Question What were the results of the Great Compromise?
  5. 5. Upcoming Change By the mid 1780’s most political leaders agreed the Articles of Confederation need to be changed Confederation Congress invited each state to send delegates to a convention in Philadelphia Would discuss ways to improve Articles of Confed. Meeting was called The Constitutional Convention 12 states sent 55 delegates to the convention Would lead to the creation of the U.S. Constitution
  6. 6. Constitutional Convention Key figures present: James Madison Benjamin Franklin George Washington Key figures absent John Adams Thomas Jefferson How is our country being represented?
  7. 7. The Great Compromise Some members wanted to make small changes to the Articles of Confederation Some wanted to rewrite the Articles completely There were also disagreements between: small and large states; based on how they would be represented in the new government about slavery Economic issues such as tariffs How strong to make the national government
  8. 8. Virginia Plan Large-state plan Written by James Madison Would give sovereignty-supreme power, to the national government Divided the gov’t into three branches: Executive, Judicial, Legislative Legislature would be bicameral- two houses # of representatives of the legislature would depend on state population This would benefit large states, giving them more representatives
  9. 9. New Jersey Plan Small-state plan Proposed keeping Congress’ structure the same Unicameral-one house legislature This would give each state an equal # of votes This would benefit smaller states, as large population had no effect on the # of votes Convention could not agree after months of debate A compromise was reached
  10. 10. Great Compromise Cont’d The Great CompromiseBroke the government into 3 Branches of Government Bicameral legislature: Every state, regardless of its size would have an equal vote in the upper house of the legislature Senate Each state would have a # of representatives based on its population in the lower house of the legislature House of Representatives
  11. 11. The Three-Fifths Compromise The debate over representation (how to count people) also led to problems Some Southern delegates wanted to count slaves as part of their state populations Northern delegates disagreed, thought it was unfair Delegates accepted the Three-Fifths compromise. Each slave would count as 3/5 of a person (100 slaves = 60)
  12. 12. Main Concepts Most of the delegates wanted a strong national government Popular Sovereignty- idea that political authority belongs to the people Balance power of national government with power of the states Federalism- sharing of power between a central government and the states Federal gov’t has power to enforce laws States must obey authority of Federal gov’t Federal gov’t has the power to use the military to enforce laws Troops are under the command of the president States have control over areas not assigned to Federal gov’t
  13. 13. Balance of Power Legislative Branch: Congress Proposes and passes laws 2 houses: Senate and House of Representatives Executive Branch: President Enforces laws, assures they are carried out Commander-in-Chief of the military Judicial Branch: Courts Interprets laws, punishes criminals Settles disputes between states
  14. 14. Checks and Balances Kept one branch from gaining too much power Ex: Congress proposes and passes laws President can veto, or reject, that law Congress can override veto with a 2/3 majority vote Judicial Branch interprets laws to keep other branches from abusing power Supreme Court reviews laws passed by Congress
  15. 15. Federalists vs. Antifederalists Antifederalists- those that opposed the constitution Felt the central gov’t had too much power Upset that no Bill of Rights was included Federalists- supported the constitution Felt it offered a good balance of power Federalist Papers- essays written supporting the Constitution Many written by James Madison and Alexander Hamilton Propaganda supporting the Constitution
  16. 16. Ratification The Constitution needed approval of 9 states to become ratified Each state held conventions to give citizens the chance to discuss the Constitution They could then vote whether or not to ratify it June 1788, Constitution was ratified
  17. 17. Bill of Rights Amendments- official changes, corrections, or additions The Bill of Rights would appear as a series of Amendments to the Constitution The first 10 amendments to the Constitution are known as the Bill of Rights Made sure the abuses listed in the Declaration of Independence would be illegal Would protect citizens’ individual rights
  18. 18. Constitution’s flexibility Has clear guidelines and principles Can be changed and updated to stay current with new times and challenges Often called a “living constitution”
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