ICT R&D in a Developing Country:GTR-PUCP Experience.CESAR CORDOVA BERNUY Rural Telecommunications Group
Founded in 1998, GTR-PUCP is a group ofprofessors, professionals, current and graduated students and researchers dedicated to the development and promotion of the rural telecommunications in Latin America. We are an organization formed and supported on the Faculty of Sciences and Engineering of PUCP into the field of Telecommunications.
We are a multidisciplinary team committed to theresearch, development, application, analysis, evaluationof impact and promotion of Information andCommunication Technologies (ICT), which contributeto the improvement of the standard of living of marginalcommunities, which have none or limited access tocommunication media, with emphasis in those located inthe rural environment.
Our goal is to become one of the leaders in development ofappropriate and innovative low-cost technological solutions in the field of rural telecommunications and to be recognized national and internationally as a reference in the areas of Information and Communications Technologies for human development.
At the beginingIt was an initiative of GBT-UPM, joined PUCP and formed a researching laboratory on low cost rural telecommunications.There was a technological transference from GTB- UPM to GTR-PUCPAt the begining GTR-PUCP was supported by:- Hispanic American Health Link (EHAS)- Politechnical University of Madrid (UPM)- NGO Engineering Without Borders (ISF)- Pontifical Catholic University of Peru (PUCP)
Now we are partners on EHAS Foundation.Weve replicated the experience and also weve done technological transference to other institutions like:- National University San Antonio Abab of Cusco (UNSAAC) – Peru- National University of Ica (UNICA) - Peru- Private Technical University of Loja (UTPL) - Now Ecuador- NGO ITDG through CEDECAP in Cajamarca - PeruOur purpose is to develop technical expertise in different zones of intervention in different levels.We make training and workshops on wireless technologies.
Research and development ofappropriate telecommunicationstechnologies for the rural areas.Execution of social responsibilityprojects in the university;Exercising and strengthening ofacademic teaching, inside and outsideof our university.Technical training for universities,social organizations, enterprises,workers and final users of ICT.
Developed by EHAS partners andmainly based on radiocommunicationand free software WiFi Embeded system Linux Voyage
•No line of sight•Hundreds km•Easyimplementation•Depends on theionospherecondition•Low speedsystem 2400bps
Repeater San Rafael Napo river, Peru Repeater Don Juan, Cusco Peru 2008 Router (Alix board with Linux Voyage GTR operating system), photovoltaic system, Internet access, voIP
ROUTER VOYAGE GTR •Wireless router outdoor •For long distanceWiFi system •Low energy consumption, under 10 W (can be fed with a solar panel of 50 Wp) • Low cost. •Support 802.11abg (1, 2 ó 3 wireless interfaces) •Asterisk (VoIP server) incorporated •Interface web for easy basic configuration •SNMP •Dinamic routing (OSPF) •Security (WPA2-PSK) •QoS
GTR-PUCP develops its work in areas located in rural zones with difficultaccess and with no energy sources but the natural ones. Then, we have developed our own solutions in order to use our technologies with the available power sources.
Solar panels mountednear the top of the tower.Angoteros, Napo riverPeruSolar panels built into the roof.Don Juan repeater, Cusco Peru
Solar panels andBateriesLoboyacu healthpost, PastazaRiver
New lines of Research • 802.11n under test • Wimax technologies • Remote surveillance systems for telecommunication infrastructure. • Fentocells and Low cost GSM mobile telephony: Open software solutions: Open BTS + GNUradio + Asterisk, over USRP Hardware
New lines of Research An ideal scenario: 802.11 backhaul and GSM Cell on the access networks
GTR-PUCP works in two programs related to millennium developments goals.- EHAS program on e-health- Willay program on e-government
GTR-PUCP is founder and member of the Hispanic-American Health Network (EHAS for its initials inSpanish) consortium, conformed by more than 10universities and institutions in America and Europe.We develop projects which involve ICT in healthand social development in general.The main objetive is to employ appropiatedtelemedicine systems for rural primary health care(low cost and adapted to local needs)
GTR-PUCP and the NGO ISF ApD in 2006 foundedthe WILLAY program. Its objective: Improving thelocal democratic governability of public entities suchas municipal governments, education, health andinclusion of minorities from the rural zones of Peru.The word “Willay” comes from the family languageof quechua, and means “communicate”. That is theoriginal purpose of the program.Associates: ISF, UNSAAC, SP-ITDG and GTR-PUCP
We work with government institutions andbeneficiaries to raise awareness about the use ofICTsWe involve beneficiaries in the process ofdesigning, implementing, care, maintenance andrepair systems for sustainability.There is a continuous work on organizationalchanges
There are local contributions from the provincegovernment, the local councils and thecommunitiesTraining activities in the use and maintenanceof ICT’s
AECI The objective of this project wasto improve the health conditions ofthe Peruvian population from theAmazon rainforest in Loreto,providing electric energy, data andvoice communication to the chosenhealth centers in the province of AltoAmazonas.
Project which involved the installation of EHAS Stations, offering remote training services and improvement of health processes in 6 healthestablishments in Peru (North ofthe Province of Alto Amazonas)and 6 in Colombia (IndigenousReserve of Guambia). In total, 69 EHAS stations were installed in the provinces of Alto Amazonas and Datem del Marañon.
The objective of this project is todemonstrate that primary health assistanceservices in rural zones of Latin America arepossible through the development of adequateICT. Three pilot projects were implemented inPeru, Colombia and Cuba, as a result we had adecreasing number in emergency evacuationsand the improvement of the patient referencessystem and the epidemiologic surveillancesystem.
Pilot project which aimed toevaluate the institutional and technicalviability of telemedicine services suchas stethoscophy, cardiology anddermatology in the Cuzco network,which was implemented through theEHAS-@LIS Project.
Location of health posts andrepeaters in the Cuzco network Aplicación: Radiomobile
Project of epidemiologic surveillance ofmalaria in borderline zones of the Andeanregion, approved by The World Foundthrough the subproject “Data and voicecommunication networks in health centersof the border zone Peru-Ecuador”(RECOVODA), which consists in theestablishment of data and voicetelecommunication networks for 29 stationsin Peru and 12 in Ecuador in the rural zonesand frontiers.
08 Maternal-child health improvement2008 - 2009
Napo’s Network ~ 445 kmProbably the chain multihop 802.11 based longest network of the world
Napo’s Network ~ 445 kmProbably the chain multihop 802.11 based longest network of the world 16 towers Heights of the towers are between 45 to 90 meters The distances are between 16 and 49 km The banwith from Iquitos to Cabo Pantoja is 2 to 3 Mbps Use of embeded routers with linux voIP, internet acces, …
Repeater station diagram, for equipments mounted on the top of the tower.NAPO NETWORK
Client station LAN conecction diagram.NAPO NETWORK
Power and electrical protection systems for a client stationNAPO NETWORK
Power system and electrical protection system DiagramNAPO NETWORK
Latin American Wireless Network Meeting For Rural Areas •Training in wireless technologies •On February 2008 more than 40 partipants Bolivia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Colombia, Mexico, Chile, Argentina, Republica Dominicana, Spain, Uruguay, Peru. Developed in Cuzco-Peru -This year a new training -Financed by UPM2008 and 2010
•Implementation of Acomayo Network I and II. •It’s parallel to Health’s Network .in Cuzco •Internet, telephony and other services to local institutions: municipalities, education, health and police. •Redundance link and OSPF2007 -2008 Acomayo I2009-2012 Acomayo II
SP-ITDG-CEDECAP Centers Network •Three centers in different regions of Peru UNSAAC-CEDITER •Training and dissemination in ICTs for technicians and workers of public PUCP-GTR institutions •Demostration centers in rural telecommunication2009 - 2011