Strike Warfare• Strike Warfare = Power Projection, precision land attack – Aircraft Carrier Airwing – Tomahawk Land Attack Missiles (TLAM) fired from Vertical Launch System (VLS) • CG, DDG, SSN
Anti-Air Warfare (AAW)• Control of the Air is required for successful operations• Layered Defense: – Combat Air Patrol (CAP)- Fighters and AWACS – Surface to Air Missiles (Standard) – Short Range Missiles and Phalanx CIWS
Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) • Submarines are a threat: Former Soviet Union and Third World Countries • Primary ASW: SSN’s • Surface ASW: Cruisers, Destroyers and Frigates • Other: P-3C’s, SH-60 LAMPS Helos
Anti-Surface Warfare• (ASUW) Weapons: Missiles, Torpedoes, Guns• Finding the Enemy: E-2C, LAMPS, Satellites, RADAR• Interdiction - Find the enemy and stop him• ASUW includes blockade, inspection, and anti-drug operations
Amphibious Warfare• Transport Marines and their equipment to a desired objective• Provide logistics, air and other support for the landing
Ballistic Missile Defense• Long range surveillance and tracking of Intercontinental ballistic missiles• Some ships are engagement capable
Fleet Organization• Task Force / Task Group (TF/TG)• Carrier Strike Group (CSG)• Surface Action Group (SAG)• Expeditionary Strike Group (ESG)
Task Force / Task Group (TF/TG)• Large group of ships, under one command, that can perform all of the above missions.
Surface Action Group (SAG)• Mission: Find and destroy enemy surface ships.• Composition: – Cruiser – Several Destroyers – Frigate(s)
Expeditionary Strike Group (ESG) • Mission: “Gator Freighter’s” Transports ground forces and put them ashore.•Composition: •1 Amphibious Assault Ships (LHA or LHD) • 1 Amphibious Transport Dock Ships (LPD or LSD 49) • 1 Dock Landing Ships (LSD 41) • 2 Destroyers or 1 Cruiser and 1 Destroyer •1 Frigate (FFG) •1 Submarine (SSN) •1 Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU)
Aircraft Carrier (CVN)Nimitz Class (CVN-68)
Aircraft Carrier (CVN) Mission• Power Projection through use of the Airwing• Protection of CSG (CAP)
Aircraft Carrier (CVN) Nimitz Class (CVN-68)Length: 1040 ft Displacement: ~96,000 tonsFeatures: Long flat topSuperstructure or ‘Island’ on starboard sidePylon mast aft of island3 elevators to starboard, 1 to port
Aircraft Carrier (CVN)Enterprise Class (CVN-65)
Aircraft Carrier (CVN) Enterprise Class (CVN-65)Length: 1123 ft Displacement: 94,000 tonsFeatures: ‘ Flattop’Island on starboard side, no mast aft of island‘Billboard’ appearance on island
Guided Missile Cruiser (CG) Ticonderoga Class (CG-47)
Guided Missile Cruiser (CG) Mission• AAW• Battle Sphere Control with SPY-1B Radar and AEGIS Combat Control System• Strike with TLAM• ASUW, ASW• LAMPS Heliocopter(s)• BMD
Guided Missile Cruiser (CG) Ticonderoga Class (CG-47)Length: 567 ft Displacement: 9,600 tonsFeatures Two distinct superstructuresFlat front bulkhead leading up to pilot houseSingle lattice mast, helo deck and hanger122 cell VLS system, 5 in guns fore and aftNote: 1st 5 of class decommissioned- no VLS
Guided Missile Destroyer (DDG) Arleigh Burke Class (DDG-51)
Guided Missile Destroyer (DDG) Mission• Strike with TLAM• AAW• ASW• ASUW• LAMPS• Battle Sphere Control with SPY- 1D Radar and AEGIS Combat Control System• BMD• General Purpose
Guided Missile Destroyer (DDG) Arleigh Burke Class (DDG-51 FLT I/II)Length: 505 ft Displacement: 9,000 tonsFeatures Single ‘raked’ angled tripod masttwin deckhouses with ‘Vee’ between them5 in gun forward, 90 cell VLSHelo deck, no hanger
Guided Missile Destroyer (DDG)Arleigh Burke Class (DDG-51 FLT IIA) Hull number DDG 79+Length: 510 ft Displacement: 9,500 tonsFeatures Single ‘raked’ tripod masttwin deckhouses with ‘Vee’ between them5 in gun forward, 96 cell VLSHelo deck and dual hanger
Frigate (FFG)Oliver Hazard Perry Class (FFG-7)
Frigate (FFG) Mission• Littoral ASW• Convoy and escort duty• Drug interdiction• LAMPS
Frigate (FFG) Oliver Hazard Perry Class (FFG-7)Length: 445 ft Displacement: 4,100 tonsFeatures Long, short box-like superstructureTwo lattice masts, aft one taller3 in gun on deckhouseHelo deck with dual hanger
Littoral Combat Ship- LCS
Littoral Combat Ship- LCS• LCS is a fast, agile platform designed for operation in near-shore environments yet capable of open-ocean operation.• It is designed to defeat asymmetric “anti- access” threats such as mines, quiet diesel submarines and fast surface craft.
Littoral Combat Ship- LCSLength: 380 ft Displacement: 3,100 tonsFeatures Sleek superstructure with one small mastHelo deck on fantail
Amphibious Command Ships (LCC)
Amphibious Command Ships (LCC) Mission• Command and Control for Fleet CDRs (originally designed to be Amphibious Command Ships)• Extensive command, control, communications, computer and intelligence (C4I) facilities• Mount Whitney - 6th Fleet• Blue Ridge - 7th Fleet
Amphibious Command Ships (LCC)Length: 634 ft Displacement: 18,800 tonsFeatures Wide hull with small superstructure incenterHelo deck at sternLots of antennas
Amphibious Assault Ship (LHD) Wasp Class (LHD-1)
Amphibious Assault Ship (LHD) Mission• Cornerstone of ESG, “High Value Unit”• Support amphibious operations and humanitarian assistance operations: – Harriers and helicopters – Well deck for landing craft – ~2000 troops – Full Medical facilities• Self Defense weapons only
Amphibious Assault Ship (LHD) Wasp Class (LHD-1)Length: 844 ft Displacement: 45,000 tonsFeatures ‘Flattop’ with long island on starboard sideOne elevator port and one starboardWell deck at stern
Well Deck with LCAC
Amphibious Assault Ship (LHA) Tarawa Class (LHA-1)
Amphibious Assault Ship (LHA) Mission• Older version of LHD• Cornerstone of ESG “High Value Unit”• Support amphibious operations/ humanitarian assistance operations: – Harriers and helicopters – Well deck for landing craft – ~2000 troops – Full Medical facilities• Self Defense weapons only• Slowly being decommissioned (3 of original 5 remain)
Amphibious Assault Ship (LHA) Tarawa Class (LHA-1)Length: 820 ft Displacement: 39,000 tonsFeatures ‘Flattop’ with taller island than LHDOne elevator on port sideWell deck at stern
Amphibious Transport Dock (LPD) Austin Class (LPD-4)
Amphibious Transport Dock (LPD) Austin Class (LPD-4) Mission • Transport Marine troops and their vehicles and cargo • Secondary Aviation Platform for ESG • Slowly being decommissioned as the new LPD 17 class are being built (Oldest just turned 40!)
Amphibious Transport Dock (LPD) Austin Class (LPD-4)Length: 570 ft Displacement: 17,000 tonsFeatures Large Helo deck aft, large tripod mastCrane amidships over hangerBoxy superstructureWell deck at stern
Amphibious Transport Dock (LPD) San Antonio Class (LPD-17)
Amphibious Transport Dock (LPD) San Antonio Class (LPD-17)Mission• Transport Marine troops and their vehicles and cargo• Secondary Aviation Platform for ESG• Built to operate with 21st century transformational platforms, such as the MV-22 Osprey.
Amphibious Transport Dock (LPD) San Antonio Class (LPD-17)Length: 684 ft Displacement: 25,000 tonsFeatures Helo and Osprey deck with hanger2 Enclosed mastsWell deck at stern can hold two LCACs
Dock Landing Ship (LSD)Whidbey Island Class (LSD-41)
Dock Landing Ship (LSD) Whidbey Island Class (LSD-41)MISSION• LSD 41 was designed specifically to operate LCAC vessels. It has the largest capacity for these landing craft (4) of any U.S. Navy amphibious platform.• It will also provide docking and repair services for LCACs and for conventional landing craft.
Dock Landing Ship (LSD) Whidbey Island Class (LSD-41)Length: 609 ft Displacement: 15,000 tonsFeatures Helo deck with no hangerLarge crane amidshipsLarger, boxy superstructure (than LPD)Well deck at stern
Dock Landing Ship (LSD)Harpers Ferry Class (LSD-49)
Dock Landing Ship (LSD) Harpers Ferry Class (LSD-49)MISSION• The ship differs from the original LSD 41 by reducing its number of LCACs to two in favor of additional cargo capacity.
Dock Landing Ship (LSD) Harpers Ferry Class (LSD-49)Same as Whidbey Island Class.
Military Sealift Command• The Military Sealift Command operates more than 110 ships around the world• These ships are designated "USNS" (United States Naval Ships) and are not commissioned ships (USS vs USNS)• Crewed by civilians• MSC ships have small military departments assigned to carry out specialized military functions such as communications and supply operations
Ammunition Ship (T-AE)MISSION STATS: Arms the fleet at 564 ft, 19,000 tons sea Cranes on deck Superstructure aft
Oiler (T-AO)MISSION STATS: Refuels Ships at 708 ft, 37,000 tons Sea (Underway Superstructure aft Replenishment) Towers with UNREP hoses and cables
Hospital Ship (T-AH)MISSION Deploys for STATS: emergency medical 894 ft, 69,300 tons assistance for White ship with red combatants in war or cross humanitarian assistance
Deployment• Extended period of duty at sea for national tasking• Provides sustainable global projection of American power from the High Seas• Surface Ship deployments are an average of 6 months long on an 18 month cycle• Deployment makeup: ESG, CSG, Independent deployer• Missions: GWOT, Humanitarian assistance, Drug Interdiction, BMD, Multi-national Operations, Maritime Interdiction Operations (MIO)• Locations: SOUTHPAC, WESTPAC, 5th FLEET, MED Cruise, Caribbean• Liberty!
Deployments MISSIONS GWOT: Arrival in KuwaitKatrina Humanitarian Assistance Carrier Protection and Support