The Brain consists of three major components: ◦ The Cerebrum ◦ The Cerebellum ◦ The Brain Stem 6
The Cerebrum is the largest portion of the brain. It consists of two hemispheres ◦ The left hemisphere & the right hemisphere These hemispheres have an outer layer called the cerebral cortex. 8
The left hemisphere of the brain deals with: ◦ Reasoning & Language ◦ Math & Science The right hemisphere deals with: ◦ Imagination & Insight ◦ Art & Music 6
Each hemisphere is divided into 4 sections ◦ Frontal lobes ◦ Parietal lobes ◦ Temporal lobes ◦ Occipital lobes The temporal lobe deals with sounds ◦ Hearing, memory, & learning 6
"Most memories degrade and distort with time... ... music triggers the reward centers in our brain thus helping us remember."
"(music elicits) emotional responses and stimulates the limbic system....the part of the brain that is responsible for long term memory”. "there’s a greater likelihood that the brain will encode it in long term memory"
"...Children who receive 15 months of intense music training induced structural changes in the primary auditory and primary motor areas [of the brain].“ ◦ Literacy ◦ Verbal memory ◦ Viseospatial processing ◦ Mathematics ◦ I.Q.
“Mozart’s music and baroque music, with a 60 beats per minute beat pattern, activates the left and right brain, and it increases learning a minimum of 5x”. ◦ The simultaneous left and right brain action maximizes learning and retention on information. The information being studied activates the left brain The music activates the right brain 3
Music helps us learn because it will: ◦ Establish a positive learning state ◦ Create a desired atmosphere ◦ Build a sense of anticipation ◦ Energize learning activities ◦ Change brain wave states ◦ Focus concentration ◦ Increase attention ◦ Improve memory ◦ Enhance imagination ◦ Add an element of fun 7
Listening to song lyrics improves comprehension skills ◦ listening skills ◦ good pronunciation ◦ increases vocabulary and speech patterns ◦ memory retaining 9
Research: ◦ Hong Kong found children who were given music training have better verbal memories ◦ Only "fast" and "appealing" music drew the attention of kids. ◦ Loud music that was not appealing did not make a difference in the childrens likes and dislikes ◦ 10
Dr. Roy J. Paget Suggests the Following Composers as being Suitable Listening Material for Learning: Vivaldi- Largo from "Winter" : The Four Seasons Largo from Concerto in D Major for Guitar and Strings Telemann- Largo from Double Fantasia in G Major for Harpischord Bach- Largo from Harpischord in F Minor Air for G String Corellie- Concerti Grossi, Op. 6 No. 2,8,5,9
5Thompson, Clive. "Music of the Hemispheres." THe New York Times. 31 Dec. 2006. Web. 3 Feb. 2011. <http://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/31/arts/music/31thom.html?_r=1&pagewanted=2>. 4Klemm, William. "Music Training Helps Learning and Memory." Web log post. Psychology Today. 31 July 2010. Web. 3 Feb. 2011. <http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/memory- medic/201007/music-training-helps-learning-memory>. 2Oxford University Press. "First Evidence That Musical Training Affects Brain Development In Young Children." ScienceDaily 20 September 2006. 6 February 2011 <http://www.sciencedaily.com- /releases/2006/09/060920093024.htm>. 3ODonnell, Laurence. "Music and the Brain." Web. 02 Feb. 2011. <http://www.cerebromente.org.br/n15/mente/musica.html>. 6Brain Components. Penn Medicine. ADAM. Web. 02 Feb. 2011. <http://www.pennmedicine.org/encyclopedia/em_DisplayAnimation.aspx?gcid=000016&ptid =17>. 8"cerebrum." A Dictionary of Biology. 2004. Encyclopedia.com. (February 6, 2011). http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1O6-cerebrum.html 7Brewer, Chris Boyd. "Music and Learning." Martha Lake Covenant Church. Web. 04 Feb. 2011. <http://www.marthalakecov.org/~building/strategies/arts/brewer.htm>.