Music310 oral report

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Music310 oral report

  1. 1. Joanna GiesyBridgette DalmasGriselda Guerrero
  2. 2.  The Brain consists of three major components: ◦ The Cerebrum ◦ The Cerebellum ◦ The Brain Stem 6
  3. 3.  The Cerebrum is the largest portion of the brain. It consists of two hemispheres ◦ The left hemisphere & the right hemisphere  These hemispheres have an outer layer called the cerebral cortex.  8
  4. 4.  The left hemisphere of the brain deals with: ◦ Reasoning & Language ◦ Math & Science The right hemisphere deals with: ◦ Imagination & Insight ◦ Art & Music 6
  5. 5.  Each hemisphere is divided into 4 sections ◦ Frontal lobes ◦ Parietal lobes ◦ Temporal lobes ◦ Occipital lobes The temporal lobe deals with sounds ◦ Hearing, memory, & learning 6
  6. 6.  "Most memories degrade and distort with time... ... music triggers the reward centers in our brain thus helping us remember."
  7. 7.  "(music elicits) emotional responses and stimulates the limbic system....the part of the brain that is responsible for long term memory”. "there’s a greater likelihood that the brain will encode it in long term memory"
  8. 8.  "...Children who receive 15 months of intense music training induced structural changes in the primary auditory and primary motor areas [of the brain].“ ◦ Literacy ◦ Verbal memory ◦ Viseospatial processing ◦ Mathematics ◦ I.Q.
  9. 9.  “Mozart’s music and baroque music, with a 60 beats per minute beat pattern, activates the left and right brain, and it increases learning a minimum of 5x”. ◦ The simultaneous left and right brain action maximizes learning and retention on information.  The information being studied activates the left brain  The music activates the right brain 3
  10. 10.  Music helps us learn because it will: ◦ Establish a positive learning state ◦ Create a desired atmosphere ◦ Build a sense of anticipation ◦ Energize learning activities ◦ Change brain wave states ◦ Focus concentration ◦ Increase attention ◦ Improve memory ◦ Enhance imagination ◦ Add an element of fun 7
  11. 11.  Listening to song lyrics improves comprehension skills ◦ listening skills ◦ good pronunciation ◦ increases vocabulary and speech patterns ◦ memory retaining 9
  12. 12.  Research: ◦ Hong Kong found children who were given music training have better verbal memories ◦ Only "fast" and "appealing" music drew the attention of kids. ◦ Loud music that was not appealing did not make a difference in the childrens likes and dislikes ◦ 10
  13. 13.  Dr. Roy J. Paget Suggests the Following Composers as being Suitable Listening Material for Learning: Vivaldi- Largo from "Winter" : The Four Seasons Largo from Concerto in D Major for Guitar and Strings Telemann- Largo from Double Fantasia in G Major for Harpischord Bach- Largo from Harpischord in F Minor Air for G String Corellie- Concerti Grossi, Op. 6 No. 2,8,5,9
  14. 14.  5Thompson, Clive. "Music of the Hemispheres." THe New York Times. 31 Dec. 2006. Web. 3 Feb. 2011. <http://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/31/arts/music/31thom.html?_r=1&pagewanted=2>. 4Klemm, William. "Music Training Helps Learning and Memory." Web log post. Psychology Today. 31 July 2010. Web. 3 Feb. 2011. <http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/memory- medic/201007/music-training-helps-learning-memory>. 2Oxford University Press. "First Evidence That Musical Training Affects Brain Development In Young Children." ScienceDaily 20 September 2006. 6 February 2011 <http://www.sciencedaily.com- /releases/2006/09/060920093024.htm>. 3ODonnell, Laurence. "Music and the Brain." Web. 02 Feb. 2011. <http://www.cerebromente.org.br/n15/mente/musica.html>. 6Brain Components. Penn Medicine. ADAM. Web. 02 Feb. 2011. <http://www.pennmedicine.org/encyclopedia/em_DisplayAnimation.aspx?gcid=000016&ptid =17>. 8"cerebrum." A Dictionary of Biology. 2004. Encyclopedia.com. (February 6, 2011). http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1O6-cerebrum.html 7Brewer, Chris Boyd. "Music and Learning." Martha Lake Covenant Church. Web. 04 Feb. 2011. <http://www.marthalakecov.org/~building/strategies/arts/brewer.htm>.

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