0
Data Driven Societies:
Code/Spaced
Professors Gaze & Gieseking
Multiple
Intelligences Theory
	
✦ Musical–rhythmic and
harmonic
✦ Visual–spatial
✦ Verbal–linguistic
✦ Logical–mathematica...
Cognitive
Mapping
Tolman 1948
Mental
Mapping
Lynch 1960
Mental
Mapping
Milgram & Jodelet 1970
Create a map of your Bowdoin experience. Map whatever you think
pertinent to explain your time at Bowdoin.
!
Create a lege...
What does code have to do with space?
Code/Space:
Software-Sorting
The term software-sorting captures the crucial and
often ignored role of code in directly, au...
✦ Over half the world’s population lives in cities
✦ Little attention is paid to the billions of lines of code that run
ou...
Code/Space:
Mobilities
NYTimes & scoop.it
✦ 171 LED lights at Newark Airport (top)
recognize long lines *and* suspicious
a...
Code/Space:
GIS
Baltimore land use 1986 v2000 - NASA
✦ NASA “SLEUTH” urban land
use remote sensing satellite
—> predict & ...
Code is…
GIS Layers
✦ Points
✦ Lines
✦ Polygons
!
!
!
✦ Layers
!
✦ Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
!
Code/Space:
CCTV
✦ 4.2 million CCTV in the UK (1
for every 14 people)
✦ Issues: algorithmically driven
biometrics (facial ...
How can visualization make more
transparent uses of and better the
experience of different spaces?
Shifting Maps in
Code/Space
Shifting Maps in
Code/Space
Shifting Maps in
Code/Space
Shifting Maps in
Code/Space
Jabbour on
Map Design
✦ Prioritize your aim(s) & audience
✦ Include the essentials & leave out the clutter
✦ Use families ...
Guess: which of these maps is the most
popular NYC subway map among
young New Yorkers right now?
The
Weekender
Lab: Social
Explorer
Next Class: Mar. 31
✦ Today: code/spaced
!
✦ Readings: Lingel, Nakamura
!
✦ Lecture: 3/31 @ 7pm
Lancaster “Fb is Anti-Drag...
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Bowdoin: Data Driven Socities 2014 - Code/Spaced 3/26/14

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Data Driven Societies
Digital & Computational Studies
Bowdoin College
March 26, 2014
Professor Gieseking

Lecture Slides "Code/Spaced"

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Transcript of "Bowdoin: Data Driven Socities 2014 - Code/Spaced 3/26/14"

  1. 1. Data Driven Societies: Code/Spaced Professors Gaze & Gieseking
  2. 2. Multiple Intelligences Theory ✦ Musical–rhythmic and harmonic ✦ Visual–spatial ✦ Verbal–linguistic ✦ Logical–mathematical ✦ Bodily–kinesthetic ✦ Interpersonal ✦ Intrapersonal ✦ Naturalistic
  3. 3. Cognitive Mapping Tolman 1948
  4. 4. Mental Mapping Lynch 1960
  5. 5. Mental Mapping Milgram & Jodelet 1970
  6. 6. Create a map of your Bowdoin experience. Map whatever you think pertinent to explain your time at Bowdoin. ! Create a legend. ! Groups: First-years Sophomores Juniors Seniors (three groups)
  7. 7. What does code have to do with space?
  8. 8. Code/Space: Software-Sorting The term software-sorting captures the crucial and often ignored role of code in directly, automatically and continuously allocating social or geographical access to all sorts of critical goods, services, life chances or mobility opportunities to certain social groups or geographical areas, often at the direct expense of others. -Graham (2005, 3)
  9. 9. ✦ Over half the world’s population lives in cities ✦ Little attention is paid to the billions of lines of code that run our cities — why is code invisible? ✦ Why does visualization take off at this moment? ✦ Examples: mobilities, GIS, CCTV ✦ Calls for a “spatial politics of code” Code/Space
  10. 10. Code/Space: Mobilities NYTimes & scoop.it ✦ 171 LED lights at Newark Airport (top) recognize long lines *and* suspicious activity and alert staff ✦ Issues: airport security, pay-per- journey roads, packet switching by class and corporation, call center rankings ✦ Outcomes: reproduces data rich vs. data poor ✦ Possible solutions: regulate the Internet through FCC like a utility
  11. 11. Code/Space: GIS Baltimore land use 1986 v2000 - NASA ✦ NASA “SLEUTH” urban land use remote sensing satellite —> predict & design city development ✦ Issues: predictive GIS assumes data is only reality, neighborhoods overtake Internet presence ✦ Outcomes: reproduces data rich vs. data poor, modeling via predictive algorithms only leaves little room for change
  12. 12. Code is… GIS Layers ✦ Points ✦ Lines ✦ Polygons ! ! ! ✦ Layers ! ✦ Geographic Information Systems (GIS) !
  13. 13. Code/Space: CCTV ✦ 4.2 million CCTV in the UK (1 for every 14 people) ✦ Issues: algorithmically driven biometrics (facial recognition, micro-expressions) with little accuracy yet great trust ✦ Outcomes: invisibility behind the cameras and algorithms behind them, normalize those who tend to be excluded, decontextualize observations wealthwire.com
  14. 14. How can visualization make more transparent uses of and better the experience of different spaces?
  15. 15. Shifting Maps in Code/Space
  16. 16. Shifting Maps in Code/Space
  17. 17. Shifting Maps in Code/Space
  18. 18. Shifting Maps in Code/Space
  19. 19. Jabbour on Map Design ✦ Prioritize your aim(s) & audience ✦ Include the essentials & leave out the clutter ✦ Use families of color and related shapes to create relational notions of time and space ✦ Select the scale your users should relate to the visualization ✦ Test out your visualizations on the right audience ✦ Work through the trade-offs for visualization outcome
  20. 20. Guess: which of these maps is the most popular NYC subway map among young New Yorkers right now?
  21. 21. The Weekender
  22. 22. Lab: Social Explorer
  23. 23. Next Class: Mar. 31 ✦ Today: code/spaced ! ✦ Readings: Lingel, Nakamura ! ✦ Lecture: 3/31 @ 7pm Lancaster “Fb is Anti-Drag” ! ✦ Blog post: due Wed the 2nd - reflect on maps ! (Rejoice: soon this snow image and the snow itself will be gone, gone, gone)
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