Neighbourhood Facilities for Sustainability
Jeremy Gibberd
Structure
• Climate change
• Carbon emission mitigation
• Sustainability and sustainability
assessment
• Built environment...
The Year of Climate Departure for
World Cities

Mora et al 2013
Low carbon reindustrialisation

Climate Solutions 2: Low Carbon Reindustrialisation , Climate Risk 2009
World’s slum population expected
to be 889 million by 2020.
HABITAT)

Global Urban Observatory, UNHABITAT 2005
BBC News, 2012
Limitations of carbon mitigation
approaches
• Focus on technologies such as solar water
heaters, efficient lighting
• Expe...
What is sustainability?
•

the achievement of above 0.8 on the Human
Development Index (HDI)

•

and

•

the achievement o...
Development of the SBAT

WWF
Built Environment Sustainability
Capability
• Human Development Capability (HDC): Is a
measure of the extent to which the ...
HDI-EF Definition of Sustainability
1. Sustainability in human populations has
been defined as the achievement of
above 0....
HDI-EF Definition of Sustainability
1. Sustainability in human populations has
been defined as the achievement of
above 0....
Built environment interventions to
support sustainability
• Solar water heaters
• Building envelope upgrades
• Energy Busi...
Solar water heaters
Capability improvement 0.16

Employment
Knowledge

Shelter
5.00
4.00
3.00
2.00
1.00
0.00

Health

Mobi...
Building envelope upgrades
Capability improvement 0.26

Employment
Knowledge

Shelter
5.00
4.00
3.00
2.00
1.00
0.00

Healt...
WAFOMO: Water, Food and
Mobility
• Community gardens / allotments
• Local fresh produce market
• Non-motorised transport
B...
Energy Business Learning Facility
Capability improvement 1.12

www.builtenvironmentsustainabilitytool.com
ENBULE: Energy, Business and
Learning
• Business and learning centre
• Renewable energy
• Access to ICT
Built environment ...
Water Food Mobility Facility
Capability improvement 1.00

www.builtenvironmentsustainabilitytool.com
ENBULE & WAFOMO
Capability improvement 3.11
Conclusions
• Current conventional carbon emission mitigation
programmes not sufficient for sustainability.
• The Neighbor...
Neighbourhood Facilities for Sustainability: Short Cuts to Sustainable Settlements?
Neighbourhood Facilities for Sustainability: Short Cuts to Sustainable Settlements?
Neighbourhood Facilities for Sustainability: Short Cuts to Sustainable Settlements?
Neighbourhood Facilities for Sustainability: Short Cuts to Sustainable Settlements?
Neighbourhood Facilities for Sustainability: Short Cuts to Sustainable Settlements?
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Neighbourhood Facilities for Sustainability: Short Cuts to Sustainable Settlements?

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It is increasingly acknowledged that current plans to implement sustainability are not achieving the scale and speed of change required. National built environment strategies to address sustainability tend to focus on large-scale programmes in areas such as renewable energy and energy efficiency. While this approach can
improve national environmental indicators such as carbon emissions profiles; it appears unlikely to achieve sustainability.

In recent paper titled Neighbourhood Facilities for Sustainability, Jeremy Gibberd argues that more comprehensive, and more local, approaches are required. Interventions at a neighbourhood level should be developed that enable day-to-day living patterns to become more sustainable over time. A key element of this are built environment characteristics and facilities which support sustainability. This presentation illustrates the concept

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Neighbourhood Facilities for Sustainability: Short Cuts to Sustainable Settlements?

  1. 1. Neighbourhood Facilities for Sustainability Jeremy Gibberd
  2. 2. Structure • Climate change • Carbon emission mitigation • Sustainability and sustainability assessment • Built environment interventions to support sustainability • Neighborhood Facilities for Sustainability
  3. 3. The Year of Climate Departure for World Cities Mora et al 2013
  4. 4. Low carbon reindustrialisation Climate Solutions 2: Low Carbon Reindustrialisation , Climate Risk 2009
  5. 5. World’s slum population expected to be 889 million by 2020. HABITAT) Global Urban Observatory, UNHABITAT 2005
  6. 6. BBC News, 2012
  7. 7. Limitations of carbon mitigation approaches • Focus on technologies such as solar water heaters, efficient lighting • Expensive, benefits companies and countries who have this manufacturing and capacity expertise – not developing countries • Does not address urgent local needs ie health, education and employment • Does not draw on local resources and capacity • Limited influence on day-to-day living patterns and behaviours • Focus on carbon - does not address sustainability
  8. 8. What is sustainability? • the achievement of above 0.8 on the Human Development Index (HDI) • and • the achievement of an Ecological Footprint (EF) below 1.8 global hectares per person World Wild Life Fund, 2006
  9. 9. Development of the SBAT WWF
  10. 10. Built Environment Sustainability Capability • Human Development Capability (HDC): Is a measure of the extent to which the built environment is configured for and includes the characteristics required to support the achievement of Human Development targets • Ecological Footprint Capability (EFC): Is a measure of the extent to which the built environment is configured for and includes the characteristics required to support the achievement of Ecological Footprint targets. • Built Environment Sustainability Capability (BESC): (EFC + HDC) / 2
  11. 11. HDI-EF Definition of Sustainability 1. Sustainability in human populations has been defined as the achievement of above 0.8 on the Human Development Index (HDI) and the achievement of an Ecological Footprint (EF) below 1.8 global hectares per person.Applying the HDI-EF Definition of Sustainability to the Built Environment
  12. 12. HDI-EF Definition of Sustainability 1. Sustainability in human populations has been defined as the achievement of above 0.8 on the Human Development Index (HDI) and the achievement of an Ecological Footprint (EF) below 1.8 global hectares per person.Applying the HDI-EF Definition of Sustainability to the Built Environment
  13. 13. Built environment interventions to support sustainability • Solar water heaters • Building envelope upgrades • Energy Business Learning (ENBULE) Facility • Water Food Mobility (WAFOMO) Facility
  14. 14. Solar water heaters Capability improvement 0.16 Employment Knowledge Shelter 5.00 4.00 3.00 2.00 1.00 0.00 Health Mobility Food Existing Proposed Goods Biocapacity Services Waste www.builtenvironmentsustainabilitytool.com
  15. 15. Building envelope upgrades Capability improvement 0.26 Employment Knowledge Shelter 5.00 4.00 3.00 2.00 1.00 0.00 Health Mobility Food Existing Proposed Goods Biocapacity Services Waste www.builtenvironmentsustainabilitytool.com
  16. 16. WAFOMO: Water, Food and Mobility • Community gardens / allotments • Local fresh produce market • Non-motorised transport Built environment capability to support EF targets: • Locally available affordable low EF food • Locally available affordable mobility Built environment capability to support HD targets: • Locally available affordable healthy food • Locally available affordable mobility
  17. 17. Energy Business Learning Facility Capability improvement 1.12 www.builtenvironmentsustainabilitytool.com
  18. 18. ENBULE: Energy, Business and Learning • Business and learning centre • Renewable energy • Access to ICT Built environment capability to support EF targets: • Low EF energy • Access to ICT (avoid req for travel) Built environment capability to support HD targets: • Access to ongoing learning • Access to self employment support
  19. 19. Water Food Mobility Facility Capability improvement 1.00 www.builtenvironmentsustainabilitytool.com
  20. 20. ENBULE & WAFOMO Capability improvement 3.11
  21. 21. Conclusions • Current conventional carbon emission mitigation programmes not sufficient for sustainability. • The Neighborhood Facilities (NFS) concept offers potential to make substantial improvements in ecological and human development impact in a local community in a responsive and cost effective way. • Contact: J Gibberd at itshose@gmail.com

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