Explaining how factor analysis was used to identify benefits of technology in academic success:A statistical technique used to reduce a large number of attributes into a smaller set of “factors” based on response patterns.A factor consists of a number of attributes that are rated in a similar way.Factor analysis is extremely useful when dealing with a very large number of attributes that would be cumbersome to analyze individually.The names of the factors are subjective and are intended to describe the common theme shared by all of the attributes within that factor.
Continuing with the factor analysis, there are relationships between selected technologies and certain benefits.
Overall, the average student spends at least some time engaging in about 21 different kinds of software applications and activities out of 40 they were asked about. Students use a variety of communication tools, but the most common ones have reached mass adoption.
Mobile learning presentation for the 4t Virtual Conference 2012
. . . develop social
and emotional competencies.Solomon, Battistich, Watson, Schaps, & Lewis, 2000 in Snaps Creating a School Communityhttp://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/mar03/vol60/num06/Creating-a-School-Community.aspx
. . . act ethically
and altruisticallySchaps, Battistich, & Solomon, 1997 in Schaps Creating a School Communityhttp://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/mar03/vol60/num06/Creating-a-School-Community.aspx
Research has clearly shown
that functioning in a community can enhance the learning Optimal learning outcomes are directly tied to the establishment of social networks among participants engaged in a collaborative learning enterprise. Such collaboration has been shown to be very important in the development of a learning community and in achieving the desired learning outcomes. Vesely, P., Bloom, L. & Sherlock, J. (2007). Key Elements of Building Online Community: Comparing Faculty and Student Perceptions. Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, 3, (3). Retrived from http://jolt.merlot.org/vol3no3/vesely.htm.
Unfortunately . . .Unfortunately, schools
with a strong sense of community are fairly rare. low-income students and students of color usually report a lower level ofcommunity in school than do affluent or white students. Many schoolsappear to be ill-equipped to provide community for the students who mayneed it most. Schaps, Battistich, & Solomon, 1997 in Snaps’ Creating a School Community http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/mar03/vol60/num06/Creating-a-School-Community.aspx
Commonality is the essence of
communityGetting to ―know‖ each other; finding out where people lived, what they did,their experiences, whether or not they had families and the like was the ―X‖factor.Participants generally agreed that this should have been a first step incommunity-building, but usually it was not part of the formal coursework. Brown, R. (2001). The Process of Community Building in a Distance Learning Classes
Responsible not only for one’s
own learning but for other learners, too. Brown, R. (2001). The Process of Community Building in a Distance Learning Classes
. . . supports student’s
development of collaboration skills.Cortez et al., 2009; Sanchez et al., 2009 in Nouri, Cerratto-Pargman, Johan Eliasson, Robert Ramberg, StockholmUniversity, Sweden (2011). Exploring the Challenges of Supporting Collaborative Mobile Learning.
. . . increases motivation
and engagement. Facer et al., 2004; Schwabe & Göth, 2005in Nouri, Cerratto-Pargman, Eliasson, Ramberg, Stockholm University, Sweden(2011). Exploring the Challenges of Supporting Collaborative Mobile Learning.
65% are social networking
site usersSharers 55% share photos 37% contribute rankings and ratings 33% create content tags 30% share personal creations 26% post comments 15% have personal website 15% are content remixers 14% are bloggers 13% use Twitter 6% location services
2011 Horizon ReportFor most people
in the developed world, a mobile is alwaysclose at hand and available with speedy Internet access.Mobiles are easy to use for web browsing; much of theavailable content seamlessly adjusts for optimal display onwhichever device is used to access it. http://wp.nmc.org/horizon2011/sections/mobiles/
Skills being honed on social
networks today will be critical tomorrow, as work will be dominated by fast- moving, geographically diverse, free-agent teams of workers connected via socially mediating technologies. — Fred Stutzman, creator of the software Freedom and Anti-SocialElon studies the future of "Generation Always-On” http://www.elon.edu/e-net/Note.aspx?id=958393&board_ids=5%2C58&max=50
Future Workforce Skills Social intelligence
is the ability to connect to others in a deep and direct way, to sense and stimulate reactions and desired interactions. This has always been a key skill for workers who need to collaborate and build relationships of trust, but it is even more important as we are called on to collaborate with groups of people in different settings. Davies, Fidler, & Gorbis. (2011). http://www.iftf.org/futureworkskills2020
Virtual collaboration is the ability
to work productively, drive engagement, anddemonstrate presence as a member of a virtual team. Online streams createdby micro blogging and social networking sites can serve as virtual watercoolers, providing a sense of camaraderie and enabling employees todemonstrate presence. Davies, Fidler, & Gorbis. (2011). http://www.iftf.org/futureworkskills2020
Social Collaboration and Mobile LearningSocial
collaboration is the key to mobile learning. Social learning andcollaboration are important to successful learning because the interactionengages and motivates learners. http://www.trivantis.com/mlearncon2011-evolution-mobile- learning
Based on all of this
research, what are the implications forintegrating mobile learning into your learning environment? Student Feedback . . . ORhttp://cel.ly/c/teambuildinghttp://usergeneratededucation.wordpress.com/2012/03/25/mobile-learning-end-of-course-student-survey-part-ii/
QR Code Video Sorting GameIn
small groups, create 4 to 6 separate short videos (aminute or less) from the list of categories orclassifications provided to them about the topic selected.In this example, for my interpersonal relationsclass, students were asked to create videos todemonstrate different nonverbal behaviors from thefollowing list: glance, eye contact (gaze), volume, vocalnuance, proximity, gestures, facial expression, pause(silence), intonation, dress, posture, word choice andsyntax, sounds (paralanguage)
QR Code Video Sorting GameUpload
videos to YouTube. If students don’t have their own accounts, you canprovide them with an email address to send their videos directly to yourYouTube account. This information can be found under account settings.