C632 ch 4 interlocking systems - first draftPresentation Transcript
Coun 632: Introduction to Marriage and Family Counseling INTERLOCKING SYSTEMS: THE INDIVIDUAL, THE FAMILY, AND THE COMMUNITYChapter 4 Text: Family Therapy: An OverviewAuthors: Goldenberg and Goldenberg Instructor: Jeff Garrett Ph.D.
Slides below – from ch 1
Family System Concepts Family Structure Family Roles Family Rules Family Processes Family Rituals Family Narratives Family Resiliency Family Cohesion and Flexibility
Family Structure The way in which the family is organized defines its basic structure. A family can be organized around …
Patriarchal Structure - A dominant male, a passive (or angry) wife, and their submissive (or rebellious) children.
Matriarchal Structure – A dominant woman, her compliant (or resentful) husband, and their cooperative (or disobedient) children.
Egalitarian Structure – A husband-wife willingly (or unwillingly) share power equally and their happy (or unhappy) children.
Child-centered Structure – A dominant child, and his/her passive parents.
Whatever the arrangement, the family’s organization offers important clues as to its consistent or repetitive interactive patterns.
Family Rules and Roles Families adopt and/or create rules often linked to culture, sex, age, etc. The family’s meta-rules (rules about the rules) are typically unstated principles for interpreting, enforcing, and changing the family’s rules. Family rules can be … Functional or dysfunctional Congruent or inconsistent Overt (spoken) or covert (unspoken but understood) Well defined or vague Negotiable or non-negotiable Rigid families have too many rules Chaotic families have too few.
Examples of Family Rules When mom’s in a good mood ask for money Men do all the heavy lifting and outside chores and women do house chores Children do not interrupt adults Parents decide on bedtime Never mention dad’s drinking problem to anyone.
Family Transactions Reoccurring exchanges that transmit family rules and functions governing a range of acceptable behaviors. Example: a son does not speak before his mother speaks, and she herself can take her turn only after her husband has spoken Highly predictable transactional patterns generated by all family members on cue, as though each participant feels compelled to play a well-rehearsed part, like it or not.
Family Rituals Participating in rituals links the members not only to the family system but also to the wider community and culture Examples of family rituals: Holiday celebrations, christenings, confirmations, bar mitzvahs, graduations, weddings, funerals, wakes—are part of ongoing family interaction patterns that help ensure family identity and continuity.
Family Narratives A family is a maker of meaning Family stories instill and fashion fundamental and enduring assumptions about life. Family narratives influence individual perceptions about what the family calls “reality” Postmodern outlook In the postmodern outlook there is no “true” reality, only the family’s collectively agreed-upon set of constructions. According to the postmodern view most families collectively construct a sense of reality intrapsychic events
Family Resiliency Resiliency - The ability to maintain stability and rebound in response to loss or trauma. Successfully managing a crisis together deepens the family bond See p. 11 for the role of spirituality in family resiliency
Family Cohesion and Flexibility
Cohesion (emotional bonding)
Disengaged Separated Connected Enmeshed
Adaptability (ability to be flexible)
Rigid Structured Flexible Chaotic Moderate levels
Olson’s Circumplex Model of Family Systems
Family changes before & after Husband’s heart attack