Alcohol Abuse <ul><li>Parental alcohol abuse may be associated with the physical or sexual abuse of children. </li></ul><ul><li>The experience of being abused as a child may increase a person’s risk for alcohol-related problems as an adult. </li></ul><ul><li>May lead to antisocial behavior; and psychological problems. </li></ul>
Short-term effects of alcohol <ul><li>Chemicals affect mucosal lining, tongue, gums, and throat </li></ul><ul><li>Brain becomes less able to control the body </li></ul><ul><li>Alcohol causes the heart to beat faster and the blood vessels to widen </li></ul>
Alcohol content of beverages <ul><li>Beer 5% alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>Wine 12-15% alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>Vodka or whiskey 40% alcohol </li></ul>
Alcohol and the individual <ul><li>Speed. Drinking a lot in a short amount of time causes the alcohol to remain in the bloodstream longer </li></ul><ul><li>Quantity. The metabolism of alcohol takes place at a fairly constant rate </li></ul><ul><li>Food. A person who has eaten recently has food in the stomach, this slows down the passing of alcohol into the blood stream </li></ul>
Alcohol and the individual… continued <ul><li>Weight. A lighter person feels the affects of alcohol sooner than a heavier person </li></ul><ul><li>Gender. Generally, females have more body fat and less water than males. This means the alcohol moves into the bloodstream faster with females </li></ul><ul><li>Mood. A drinker who starts off depressed usually finishes off more depressed </li></ul>
Blood alcohol concentration <ul><li>The amount of alcohol in a person’s blood is expressed by a person’s percentage called blood alcohol concentration (bac) </li></ul><ul><li>The person’s b.a.c. depends on the amount of alcohol consumed, body weight. </li></ul>
Fetal alcohol syndrome <ul><li>A woman who drinks alcohol while pregnant may cause permanent damage to her developing baby. The baby maybe born with fetal alcohol syndrome or f.a.s. </li></ul>
Fetal alcohol syndrome continued <ul><li>Babies born with f.a.s. suffer from a group of alcohol-related birth defects that may include both physical and mental problems. They may have learning difficulties and behavior problems. </li></ul>
Tragedy of f.a.s . <ul><li>The tragedy of f.a.s. is that the unborn baby has no control over what enters its body. Even small amounts of alcohol may be harmful, the safe decision for a pregnant woman is not to drink any alcoholic beverages. F.a.s. is entirely preventable. </li></ul>
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