Teaching Challenges and Web 2.0 ToolsJulie Gahimer PT, HSDProfessorKrannert School of Physical TherapyUniversity of IndianapolisPresented as a Component of Implementer GrantJanuary 9, 2012
"What our students understand (and that we,as teachers, seem blind to) is that the verynature of information has changed. Itschanged in what it looks like, what we lookat to view it, where we find it, what we cando with it, and how we communicate it. Welive in a brand new, and dynamically richinformation environment, and if we are goingto reach our students in a way that isrelevant to their world and their future (andours), then we must teach them from thisnew information environment." -DavidWarlick
Questions in Higher Education (Chronicle of Higher Education, 2007) What is the value of participatory learning (video repositories, wikis)? Should students be allowed to bring cell phones, ipods, MP3 players to class? How do we assess the quality of on-line education? Should students be able to utilize wikipedia/scholarpedia as information
Questions in Higher Education (Chronicle of Higher Education,2007) How can we best utilize on-line collaboration tools such as Skype and Google talk for educational purposes? How can we make educational use of virtual reality in academics? Can learning occur in cafes and pubs? Does learning really exist in one’s own hands?
Fun Facts About Learning 80% of us are visual learners 11% of us are auditory learners 9% of us are kinesthetic learners If content is presented 1X ,in 30 days the retention will be 10% If content is presented 6X, in 30 days the retention will be 90%
Who is the Net Generation? Born in or after 1982 Always connected to 8 out of 10 say it is their social network cool to be smart Experiential Have a fascination Crave interactivity with new technologies Visual spatial skills Digitally literate Parallel processing Mobile Attentional deployment
Interesting Facts about the NetGeneration By the age of 21: ◦ 10,000 hours of videogames ◦ 200,000 e-mails ◦ 20,000 hours of TV ◦ 10,000 hours of cell phone use ◦ Less than 5,000 hours of reading
Concerns Related to the Net Get Short attention spans Choose not to pay attention Reflection not often valued Source quality Text literacy
How are Net Gen studentsdifferent than the old timeprofessors? Ctl-alt-del is as basic as ABC Computers have always fit in their backpacks Gas has always been unleaded Are comfortable composing documents on- line and not long hand Memory has been turned over to hand held devices Constantly connected
9 Strategies for Dealing withToday’s Learners Focus on “You” Love your audience Fill in the blanks Tell a story Provide easy navigation Make it visual Stay short and sweet Write a recipe
Top 5 Teaching and LearningChallenges from UIndy Faculty2010 can I engage and motivate1. How students as well as keep things interesting?2. How can I create active learning strategies and get student’s attention to accomplish course goals?3.How can I assess true learning?4.How can I create effective learning objectives?5.How can I manage my time when there is so much content?
WE-ALL-LEARN FRAMEWORKCurtis Bonk (2009)• Web Searching in the World of e-Books• E-Learning and Blended Learning• Availability of Open Source and Free Software• Leveraged Resources and OpenCourseWare• Learning Object Repositories and Portals• Learner Participation in Open Information Communities• Electronic Collaboration• Alternate Reality Learning• Real-Time Mobility and Portability• Networks of Personalized Learning
Opener#1 Web Searching in theWorld of e-BooksE-Books:• Simulations, study aids, dictionaries, games, hyperlinks to the Web, multimedia, student authoring tools, enhanced data searching capabilities, email, discussion forums, and evaluation tools• California is adopting policies for digital and open access textbooks as a means to reduce the state deficit and enhance learning.
Opener #2 E-Learning andBlended LearningK-12 E-Learning:• Michigan has mandated 20 hours of online experience to complete high school• Students must take one online class to pass high school• Florida has mandated online course access in every school district from K-12Higher Education E-Learning:• University of Illinois at Springfield and the University of Central Florida now offer many of the exact same courses in face-to-face, blended, and fully online formats. Students select the delivery mode
Opener #3 Availability of OpenSource and Free SoftwareFree and Open Source CourseManagement Systems:• Moodle and Sakai are free and open source options• As of February 10, 2009, there were 620,000 registered users of Moodle from 204 countries speaking 78 languages.
Opener #4 Leveraged Resourcesand OpenCourseWareOpenCourseWare: MIT (1,890 online courses) Hundreds of other universities and other organizations are placing their courses online
Opener #5 Learning ObjectRepositories and PortalsLearning Portals Digital museums and countless digital libraries Free dictionaries, encyclopedias, thesauruses Open Access Journals ◦ Public Library of Science (PLoS) free peer reviewed scientific journals in healthcare ◦ Scivee- allows users to hear or see the scientist explain the research in “pubcasts” Online Sharing Communities: Connexions- All ages-from Rice University Merlot- Higher Education- contains more than20,000 free learning contents (many peer reviewed) Curriki- free K-12 content
Opener #6 Learner Participation inOpen Information CommunitiesShared Online Video Millions of freely available educational videos in You Tube Edu, TeacherTube, Big Think, NomadsLand, Current TV, Link TV, Howcst, Wonderhowto, Google Video, CNN video and BBC Audio and Video. Stanford, MIT and Berkeley have their own You Tube and iTunes U channels Matt Harding dances around the world and becomes of teacher of geography 2008, 22 million views Lee LeFever’s “In Plain English”videos from Common Craft have been viewed millions of times Scribd is the YouTube of Text documents Wikis: Wikipedia (10 millions pages of content in more than 250 languages) Wikiquote, Wikisource, Wikitionary, Wikinews, and Wikibooks
Opener #7 Electronic CollaborationGuest Experts on Demand: Webcam can be used for text chat, online discussion forums, interactive videoconferencing (Skype, Google Talk) Microsoft offers SharePoint, and Groove Google offers Google Groups and Google Docs Ning online community- 1 million groups
Opener #8 Alternate RealityLearningVirtual Worlds: Second Life has more than 16 million residents (2009), more than 1 million people log on each day. Colleges professors are using Second Life to teach law at Harvard, English at Ball State University, sex education at the University of Plymouth in the UK Medical schools and hospitals are conducting simulations and other instructional activities that previously were extremely expensive. Businesses like IBM and Dell are utilizing Second Life and other virtual worlds for employee training, community building, special announcements, and online conferences.
Opener #9 Real-Time Mobility andPortabilityMobile Learning Mobile learning will transform education around the planet. More than 28 percent of the population as of March 2009 On a global basis, there are 60,000 new mobile subscriptions every hour 720,000 more people who can learn online each day and tens of millions more people each month Mobile Technology Give-aways Albilene Christan University- giving away iPhones to incoming students Oklahoma Christina University giving away both an iPhone (or iPod Touch) and an Apple Macbook laptop to incoming students.
Opener #10 Networks ofPersonalized LearningOnline Language Learning Foreign Languages via Livemocha, ChinesePod, Spanish Pod, Mixxer, KanTalk, Ecpod (many are free).
Web 1.0, Web 2.0, Web 3.0 Web 1.0- “a brochure” Web 2.0- “users add value” Web 3.0-???????
How Do I Determine What Toolsto Use? Low Risk High RiskTimeStudent CenteredCost
DELICIOUS Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy: Remembering Social Bookmarking site Allows access to bookmarks anywhere Social component allows for accessing other’s bookmarks Activity: See How to Store videos, resources for courses you teach Task: How could this be used in the classes you teach?
ANIMOTO Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy: Understanding Video with Music Creation Tool Activity: View Student Project related to bullying in Nursing Practice Task: How could this be used in the classes you teach?
NETVIBES Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy: Applying Aggregator of Resources Activity: View the UIndy School of Business Netvibes Page Task: How could this be used in the classes you teach?
SLIDESHARE Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy: Analyzing Presentation Resources for content and /or graphics Activity: Choose a topic of interest and type into Slideshare Task: How could this be used in the classes you teach?
EXTRANORMAL Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy: Analyzing Video-creation site following a storyline, text to movie Activity: View the short video entitled OT vs PT Task: How could this be used in the classes you teach?
VOICETHREAD Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy: Creating Conversations around Audio and Images Upload images, documents, and videos Add narration and vocal commentary to create an audio/visual presentation or product Activity: View Kathy Bohley’s mini-lecture on International Marketing, notice the student responses Task: How could this be used in the classes you teach?