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Methods for taking notes.2

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  • 1. Methods  for  Taking  Effec4ve   Notes  
  • 2. First  Things  First       •  Do  read  the  assigned  readings  for  class  ahead  of   4me,  perhaps  even  taking  some  notes  from  your   reading!   •  Don’t  sit  next  to  your  friends  in  class  if  you  want   to  take  good  notes.   •  Don’t  hesitate  to  ask  ques4ons  of  the  teacher  if   you  don’t  understand  something.   •  AFempt  to  capture  in  your  notes  main  ideas,  key   facts,  vocabulary,  and  cri4cal  examples.   •  Try  to  pay  aFen4on  and  listen…  
  • 3. Five  Important  Reasons  to  Take  Notes     •  Notes  trigger  memories  of  lecture/reading   •   Your  notes  are  oMen  a  source  of  valuable  clues  for   what  informa4on  the  instructor  thinks  most  important   (i.e.,  what  will  show  up  on  the  next  test).   •  Notes  inscribe  informa4on  bodily  (muscle  memory)— remember  mul4ple  intelligences.   •  Taking  notes  helps  you  to  concentrate  in  class   •  Notes  create  a  resource  for  test  prepara4on   •  Your  notes  oMen  contain  informa4on  that  cannot  be   found  elsewhere  (i.e.,  in  your  textbook)  
  • 4. Streamline  Your  Notes   •  Eliminate small connecting words such as: is, are, was, were, a, an •  Eliminate pronouns such as: they, these, his, that, them •  Do not eliminate: KEEP - in, on. •  Drop the last several letters of a word (appropriate with approp) •  Drop some internal vowels of a word (large with lrg) •  Use texting symbols!
  • 5. Using  Symbols     •  And/Plus        &+   •  Equals        =   •  Minus        -­‐     •  Number                                                    #   •  Times        x   •  Greater  than,  more,  larger                                                  >   •  Less  Than,  less,  smaller    <   •  With        W/   •  Without                                                  w/out   •  Within          w/in   •  Because                                                        b/c   •  Different      d/f   •  Leads  to,  produces,  results  in    →   •  Comes  From      ←   •  Per        ∕   •  Mutual  InteracRon      ↔   •  Increase      ↑   •  Decrease      ↓   •  At        @   •  For        4      
  • 6. The  6  R’s  of  Note  Taking   •  Record  –  write  down  key  informa4on.  Ideas/concepts   that  are  important   •  Reduce  –  what  you  are  summarizing  and  lis4ng  key   phrases   •  Recite-­‐  look  at  the  previous  notes  from  homework  and   class   •  Reflect  –  reflect  on  informa4on  you  learned  in  class   •  Recall-­‐  Test  your  memory,  don’t  look  at  your  notes  or   book,  and  write  down  what  you  can  remember   •  Review  –  review  all  your  notes  daily!  
  • 7. The  Mapping  Method       •  Mapping  is  a  graphic  representa4on  of  the  content  of  a  lecture.    It  is  a  method  that  maximizes  ac4ve  par4cipa4on,   affords  immediate  knowledge  as  to  its  understanding,  and  emphasizes  cri4cal  thinking.            EXTRASENSORY                              í                                                                                    ê î      Telepathy                  Clairvoyance                      Psychokineisis                Sending  Messages          Forecas4ng  the  Future                              Perceiving    Events  to  external                Situa4ons      This  format  helps  you  to  visually  track  your  lecture  regardless  of  condi4ons.    LiFle  thinking  is  needed  and  rela4onships   can  easily  be  seen.    It  is  also  easy  to  edit  your  notes  by  adding  numbers,  marks,  and  color  coding.    Review  will  call  for   you  to  restructure  thought  processes  which  will  force  you  to  check  understanding.    Review  by  covering  lines  for   memory  drill  and  rela4onships.    Main  points  can  be  wriFen  on  flash  or  note  cards  and  pieced  together  into  a  table  or   larger  structure  at  a  later  date.        You  may  not  hear  changes  in  content  from  major  points  to  facts.       Use  when  the  lecture  content  is  heavy  and  well-­‐organized.    May  also  be  used  effec4vely  when  you  have  a  guest  lecturer   and  have  no  idea  how  the  lecture  is  going  to  be  presented.  
  • 8. Different  types  of  Maps!  
  • 9. The  Char4ng  Method   Example   Period   Important   People   Events   Significance   1941-­‐45   FDR   WWII   USA   INVOLVE MENT   Method   Try  to  set  up  your  paper  in   advance  by  columns  headed   by  categories.    As  you  listen  to   your  teacher’s  lecture,  record   informa4on  (words,  phrases,   main  ideas,  etc.)  into  the   appropriate  category.  
  • 10. The  Char4ng  Method   Example   Period   Important   People   Events   Significance   1941-­‐45   FDR   WWII   USA   INVOLVE MENT   Advantages   Helps  you  track  conversa4on   and  dialogues  where  you   would  normally  be  confused   and  lose  out  on  important   content.    Reduces  amount  of   wri4ng  necessary.    Provides   easy  review  of  the  material.  
  • 11. The  Char4ng  Method   •  Disadvantages  –  Few  disadvantages  except   learning  how  to  use  the  system  and  loca4ng   the  appropriate  categories.    You  must  be  able   to  understand  what’s  happening  in  the   lecture.        
  • 12. The  Outlining  Method     I.  Extrasensory  percep4on    Defini4on:  means  of  perceiving  without  use  of  sense  organs.        A.three  kinds  –        1.  telepathy:  sending  messages          2.  clairvoyance:  forecas4ng  the  future          3.  psychokinesis:  perceiving  events  external  to                                    current  status                                     II.  no  current  research  to  support  or  refute    few  psychologists  say  impossible        
  • 13. WHEN  TO  USE   •  The  outline  format  can  be  used  if  the  lecture  is   presented  in  outline  organiza4on.  Use  this   format  when  there  is  enough  4me  in  the  lecture   to  think  about  and  make  organiza4on  decisions   when  they  are  needed.       •  This  format  can  be  most  effec4ve  when  your   note  taking  skills  are  super  and  sharp  and  you  can   handle  the  outlining  regardless  of  the  note  taking   situa4on.          
  • 14. DIRECTIONS   •  Dash  or  indented  outlining  is  usually  best  except   for  some  science  classes  such  as  physics  or  math.   •   The  informa4on  which  is  most  general  begins  at   the  leM  with  each  more  specific  group  of  facts   indented  with  spaces  to  the  right.   •  The  rela4onships  between  the  different  parts  are   carried  out  through  inden4ng.   •  No  numbers,  leFers,  or  Roman  numerals  are   needs.  
  • 15. Recall  Column   Record  Lecture  Notes  in  Larger  Column   Cornell  Method  –FORMAT   The  Cornell  system  is  not  really  a  method  of  taking  or  recording  notes;  it  is   more  a  system  for  organizing  your  notes  into  an  effec4ve  study  guide.    To  be   used  later.  It  is  really  used  for  review…  
  • 16. Recall   Lecture  on  character  development  The  Giver   Jonas–main   charac.   Jonas  struggles  to  understand  the  fact  that   his  community  is  not  what  he  thought  it  was.   Sameness     In  Jonas’  world  everyone  is  treated  the   “same”;  choices  are  made  for  them.   Integrity  of   choice   Jonas  has  to  make  a  decision  that  will  change   his  community   Jonas  learns  about  the  reality  of  his   community  from  The  Giver.     Summary:      Jonas  is  forced  to  understand  his   role  and      
  • 17. Cornell  Method   •  The  Cornell  system  promotes  ac4ve  learning   and  cri4cal  thinking,  providing  a  method  by   which  you  can  increase  your  comprehension   of  class  material.  There  are  five  stages   involved  in  the  Cornell  note  taking  method.  
  • 18. Cornell  600…advanced.     •  Reviewing  notes  within  24-­‐48  hours  of  the  lecture  can  increase  how  much  material   you  remember  by  approximately  80%.  Another  way  of  looking  at  this  is  that  if  you   don’t  review  within  24-­‐48  hours  of  the  informa4on  learned,    you  will  forget   approximately  80%  of  the  material.  This  means  that  you  have  to  spend  addi4onal   4me  relearning  the  informa4on  prior  to  a  test.     •  Write  key  words  and  phrases  in  the  recall  column  to  summarize  main  points  of  the   lecture.     •  Use  as  few  words  as  possible.     •  Include  ques4ons  that  help  you  to  clarify  unclear  ideas  or  to  elaborate  on  your   lecture  notes  by  connec4ng  ideas  together.   •  Finally,  summarize  the  lecture  in  your  own  words.  Summarizing  informa4on  is   another  way  of  reviewing  and  cri4cally  thinking  about  what  you  have  learned.  This   helps  you  iden4fy  what  you  know  and  understand,  as  well  as  making  very  obvious   the  informa4on  for  which  you  need  addi4onal  clarifica4on  from  the  teacher  or   study  partners.  
  • 19. Can  You  Remember  The  6  R’s  of  Note  Taking?   •  Record   •  Reduce   •  Recite   •  Reflect   •  Recall   •  Review  
  • 20. PRACTICE       •  Remember  that  the  three  major  keys  to  taking   notes  are:   A.  Preparing  for  class:  doing  your  homework   B.  Reading  the  assignments  that  are  assigned   C.  Listen  in  class!     Lead,  Ideas,  Summarize,  Talk,  End,  Notes   (Listen  to  the  explana4on  on  the  video)  

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