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Quick Write  4-30-10 Is fear a good motivator? Why/Why not?
“ America’s Longest War” THE HOW We Got  HERE… “ The Most Unpopular War” “ The First Televised War”
Cold War Attitudes…yup still there <ul><li>America continued its belief in containing communism </li></ul><ul><li>In an ef...
<ul><li>By the early 1900’s nationalism had been on the rise in Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Several nationalist political pa...
<ul><li>fought with the US against the  </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese in WWII </li></ul><ul><li>then against the French,  </l...
<ul><li>At the age of 21 he spent time traveling, including to the Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><li>Ho Chi Minh became an ad...
<ul><li>Ho Chi Minh’s activities made him a wanted man </li></ul><ul><li>He fled for a time to China and the Soviet Union ...
<ul><li>Ho Chi Minh quickly announced that Vietnam was independent  </li></ul><ul><li>Even created a Vietnam Declaration o...
<ul><li>France’s request for support put the US in a difficult position </li></ul><ul><li>We did not support colonialism, ...
<ul><li>This “Domino Theory” was the belief that if Vietnam fell to communism, so could other nations of Southern Asia </l...
<ul><li>Despite significant help from the United States, the French struggled against the Vietminh </li></ul><ul><li>The F...
<ul><li>To end the conflict, negotiations were held in Geneva, Swiz. </li></ul><ul><li>It would divide Vietnam along the 1...
American Officials Decide to Support South Vietnam <ul><li>(notice how similar this is to Korea!) </li></ul><ul><li>Ho Chi...
<ul><li>Upon taking office Kennedy continued the policy of supporting South Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Kennedy saw the Sout...
Kennedy Takes Over Kennedy Explains  the Situation in Viet nam
<ul><li>From 1961 to 1963 the US military in Vietnam jumped from 2,000 to around 15,000 </li></ul><ul><li>American officia...
<ul><li>Diem had made himself unpopular by discriminating against Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>In the spring of 1963 Diem ba...
<ul><li>August of 1963 out American ambassadors had learned that Diem’s policies and unpopularity had alarmed several of h...
<ul><li>After Diem’s death, South Vietnam’s government grew increasingly weak and unstable </li></ul><ul><li>In addition, ...
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Vietnam...how did we get there

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Transcript of "Vietnam...how did we get there"

  1. 1. Quick Write 4-30-10 Is fear a good motivator? Why/Why not?
  2. 2. “ America’s Longest War” THE HOW We Got HERE… “ The Most Unpopular War” “ The First Televised War”
  3. 3. Cold War Attitudes…yup still there <ul><li>America continued its belief in containing communism </li></ul><ul><li>In an effort to stop the spread of communism, the US supports France’s effort to control Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>With the defeat of France and the Geneva Accords splitting Vietnam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communist North </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pro-Western South </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The US decided to step in aid South Vietnam as tensions heat up </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>By the early 1900’s nationalism had been on the rise in Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Several nationalist political parties were formed </li></ul><ul><li>One of leaders of the nationalist movement was: Nguyen Tat Thanh </li></ul><ul><li>Better known by his alias Ho Chi Minh </li></ul><ul><li> “ Bringer of Light” </li></ul>Rise of Vietnamese Nationalism
  5. 5. <ul><li>fought with the US against the </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese in WWII </li></ul><ul><li>then against the French, </li></ul><ul><li>and finally against the US before dying in 1979… </li></ul><ul><li>May 1954, with two children who presented him with flowers </li></ul><ul><li>“ Uncle Ho” loved to be photographed with children, improving his status as a caring leader </li></ul>Ho Chi Minh
  6. 6. <ul><li>At the age of 21 he spent time traveling, including to the Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><li>Ho Chi Minh became an advocate supporter of Communism </li></ul><ul><li>Helped form the Indochinese Communist Party and to overthrow the French rule </li></ul>Ho Chi Minh
  7. 7. <ul><li>Ho Chi Minh’s activities made him a wanted man </li></ul><ul><li>He fled for a time to China and the Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><li>Ho Chi Minh returned with a new political group </li></ul><ul><li>Vietminh, this group united both Communists and non-Communists against Japan </li></ul><ul><li>With the defeat of Japan in WWII, it would leave a void in leadership for Ho Chi Minh to fill </li></ul>Ho Chi Minh
  8. 8. <ul><li>Ho Chi Minh quickly announced that Vietnam was independent </li></ul><ul><li>Even created a Vietnam Declaration of Independence, quoting directly from our own Declaration </li></ul><ul><li>France however had no intention of seeing this happened and maintain its empire </li></ul><ul><li>Led by Ho Chi Minh, the Vietnamese fought back </li></ul>Independence
  9. 9. <ul><li>France’s request for support put the US in a difficult position </li></ul><ul><li>We did not support colonialism, nor did we want to see another Communist government established </li></ul><ul><li>We had already seen the fall of China and the Korean War had convinced us that the Soviet Union was making a push to support Communism in East Asia </li></ul><ul><li>We feared Vietnam would be that next “domino” </li></ul>French Need Support
  10. 10. <ul><li>This “Domino Theory” was the belief that if Vietnam fell to communism, so could other nations of Southern Asia </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Despite significant help from the United States, the French struggled against the Vietminh </li></ul><ul><li>The French were frustrated by hit and run tactics </li></ul><ul><li>Guerillas- irregular troops, who usually blend into the civilian population </li></ul><ul><li>Turning point: Dien Bien Phu </li></ul><ul><li>The huge Vietminh force’s over ran the French trenches and took the hill </li></ul>Vietminh Drive Out the French French soldiers being marched away
  12. 12. <ul><li>To end the conflict, negotiations were held in Geneva, Swiz. </li></ul><ul><li>It would divide Vietnam along the 17 th Parallel </li></ul><ul><li>The North would be lead by Ho Chi Minh, communist </li></ul><ul><li>The South would be lead by Ngo Dinh Diem, pro-West </li></ul>Geneva Accords
  13. 13. American Officials Decide to Support South Vietnam <ul><li>(notice how similar this is to Korea!) </li></ul><ul><li>Ho Chi Minh wasted no time trying to consolidate power against South Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Organized his followers into a new guerilla army, the Vietcong </li></ul><ul><li>Despite American assistance the Vietcong grew in power </li></ul><ul><li>Diem looked increasingly to US for help in keeping South Vietnam from collapsing </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Upon taking office Kennedy continued the policy of supporting South Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Kennedy saw the Southeast Asian country as vitally important in battle against communism </li></ul><ul><li>Kennedy needed to appear tough on communism…since it looked like we lost on China during Truman’s presidency </li></ul>Kennedy Takes Over Eisenhower with Diem
  15. 15. Kennedy Takes Over Kennedy Explains the Situation in Viet nam
  16. 16. <ul><li>From 1961 to 1963 the US military in Vietnam jumped from 2,000 to around 15,000 </li></ul><ul><li>American officials believed that the Vietcong continued to grow in power because Diem’s government was unpopular and corrupt </li></ul><ul><li>American urged Diem to make reforms, but only small and ineffective reforms were ever produced </li></ul>Kennedy Takes Over V ietcong assemble against Diem
  17. 17. <ul><li>Diem had made himself unpopular by discriminating against Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>In the spring of 1963 Diem banned the traditional flags used to celebrate Buddha's birthday </li></ul><ul><li>When Buddhists took to the streets in protest, Diem policed killed 9 people and injured 14 others </li></ul><ul><li>Perhaps the most famous example and photo of this protest is that of a Buddhist monk setting himself on fire in protest </li></ul><ul><li>It would appear in newspapers and on televisions around the world </li></ul>Overthrow of Diem
  18. 18. <ul><li>August of 1963 out American ambassadors had learned that Diem’s policies and unpopularity had alarmed several of his military generals and planned to overthrow him </li></ul><ul><li>America expressed our sympathy for their cause </li></ul><ul><li>In November, the generals would lead a coup of Diem and seize control of South Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Diem’s overthrow, only made matters worse </li></ul><ul><li>Even though he was unpopular, he was seen as a good nationalist and leader </li></ul>Overthrow of Diem
  19. 19. <ul><li>After Diem’s death, South Vietnam’s government grew increasingly weak and unstable </li></ul><ul><li>In addition, only three weeks after the death Diem, President Kennedy was assassinated </li></ul><ul><li>The Presidency and the growing problems in Vietnam now belonged to Kennedy’s Vice-President, Lyndon Johnson </li></ul>Life After Diem
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