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The new frontier, kennedy election to warren
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The new frontier, kennedy election to warren


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  • 1. This Photo was taken of President Kennedy it was entitled “The Loneliest Job” Do you believe the job of president can be lonely? If so, why and if not, why not? Quick Write 3-24-10
  • 2.  
  • 3.
    • The Democratic nominee for president in 1960 was a young Massachusetts senator named John Kennedy
    • He promised to “get America moving again”
    • Kennedy had a well-organized campaign and was handsome and charismatic
    Senator Kennedy, 1958
  • 4.
    • Was Catholic
    • This concerned people, we had never had a Catholic President
    • Came from a wealthy and influential Massachusetts family
  • 5.
    • Promised to boost economy
    • Put an end to the spread of Communism
    • Argued that we had a “missile gap” with armament with the Soviets
  • 6.
    • The Republicans nominated Richard Nixon, Ike’s Vice-President
    • The candidates agreed on many domestic and foreign policy issues
    • Two factors helped put Kennedy over the top: T.V. and Civil Rights
    Nixon hoped to ride the coattails of the popular President
  • 7.
    • Was a Quaker
    • Was a Californian from a financially struggling family
    • Promised to boost the economy and put a stop the spread of Communism
  • 8.
    • Felt however that things were “on track” did not need be melded with
    • That he had more experience in the executive office, as having served as vice president
  • 9.
    • On September 26, 1960, Kennedy and Nixon took part in the first televised debate between presidential candidates
    • Kennedy looked and spoke better than Nixon
    • Journalist Russell Baker said , “That night, image replaced the printed word as the national language of politics”
  • 10. "It was a devastating commentary on the nature of television as a political medium that what hurt me the most in the first debate was not the substance of the encounter between Kennedy and me, but the disadvantageous contrast in our physical appearances. After the program ended, callers, including my mother, wanted to know if anything was wrong, because I did not look well."
    • Television changed everything!
    • Television had become so central to people's lives that many observers blamed Nixon's loss to John F. Kennedy on his poor appearance in the televised presidential debates
    • Think about how we view our own politicians ability to speak…
  • 12.
    • Following the first major debate the media began to focus on the appearance of the candidates
    • JFK looked cool, collected, presidential
    • Nixon, according to one observer, resembled a "sinister chipmunk"
    • It was even questioned if the Democrats has supplied Nixon’s makeup!
  • 13.
    • A second major event of the campaign took place in October, 1960
    • Police arrested Martin Luther King for conducting a “Sit-In” at a lunch counter in Georgia
    • King was sentenced to hard labor
    Sit-Ins were non-violent protests over the policy of whites-only lunch counters in the South
  • 14.
    • While the Eisenhower Administration refused to intervene, JFK phoned King’s wife and his brother, Robert Kennedy, worked for King’s release
    • The incident captured the attention of the African-American community, whose votes JFK would carry in key states
    King Kennedy
  • 15.  
  • 16.
    • Kennedy won the election by fewer than 119,000 votes
    • Nixon dominated the west, while Kennedy won the south and the east coast
  • 17.
    • In his inaugural address, JFK uttered this famous challenge: “Ask not what your country can do for you --- ask what you can do for your country”
    Delivered Friday, January 20, 1961
  • 18.
    • We are going to be viewing the Kennedy inauguration speech
    • You will be assigned a role to play as you view this speech.
    • You need answer the questions given to you from the point of view of your role
  • 19.
    • JFK surrounded himself with what one journalist described as the “best and the brightest” available talent
    • Of all of his elite advisors who filled Kennedy’s inner circle, he relied most on his 35-year-old brother Robert, whom he appointed attorney general
    RFK was John’s closest friend and advisor
  • 20.
    • During his term in office, JFK and his beautiful young wife, Jacqueline, invited many artists and celebrities to the White House
    • The press loved the Kennedy charm and JFK appeared frequently on T.V.
    • The Kennedys were considered American “Royalty” (hence “Camelot” reference)
  • 21.
    • The first family fascinated the American public
    • For example, after learning that JFK could read 1,600 words a minute, thousands enrolled in speed-reading courses
    • Jackie, too, captivated the nation with her eye for fashion and culture
  • 22.  
  • 23.  
  • 24.
    • Kennedy initiated his vision in a program he called:
    • “ The New Frontier”
    • The economy
    • education,
    • medical care for the elderly and the poor,
    • space exploration were all part of his vision
    • He would soon find that transforming lofty ideals into legislation was no easy task
  • 25.
    • One of the first programs launched by JFK was the Peace Corps
    • The Peace Corps is a volunteer program to assist developing nations in Asia, Africa and Latin America
    • The Peace Corps has become a huge success
  • 26.
    • To create jobs, he used deficit spending
    • He convinced Congress to invest in defense and space exploration
    • He also worked with business to cut costs
    • He sought to see tax rate cuts
  • 27.
    • He created the Presidential Commission on the status of Women's Rights
    • Looked for:
    • gender discrimination
    • equal employment and pay
  • 28.
    • In 1963, Kennedy called for “a national assault on the causes of poverty”
    • He also ordered his brother, Attorney General Robert Kennedy to investigate racial injustice in the South
    • Finally, he presented Congress with a sweeping civil rights bill and a sweeping tax cut bill to spur the economy
  • 29.
    • During the Kennedy years the Supreme court took an active role in social issue
    • In 1953, Eisenhower had appointed Chief Justice Earl Warren, a popular governor of California
    • The Warren Court took an activist stance and help shape the nation’s policies
  • 30.
    • Reapportionment or the way the states draw up political districts
    • The move from small towns to large cities had shifted America’s population centers
    • The Warren Court shifted power from the rural areas to urban areas, which did contain more liberal voters
    • Also boosted the political power of African Americans and Hispanics
    "One Man, One Vote!"
  • 31.
    • Due Process means that the law may not treat individuals unfairly, arbitrarily, or unreasonably
    • In Gideon v. Wainwright the court ruled that a defendant had the right to a lawyer regardless of ability to pay
    • Miranda v. Arizona
    • Required that authorities immediately give suspects a warning of their rights
    • Today we know this as your Miranda rights.
    Due Process
  • 32.
    • Engel v. Vitale
    • States could not compose official prayers to recited in state public schools
    • Upheld the idea of separation of church and state
    • Abington School District v. Schempp
    • Ruled against state-mandated Bible readings
    • Griswold v. Connecticut
    • Ruled against prohibiting sale of birth control
    Prayer & Privacy
  • 33.
    • The Warren Court, “has brought about more change than most Congresses and most Presidents.”
    • Had shaped social change with:
    • Political impacts
    • Social impacts
    • Away from the arena of the courts, it would now be Kennedy’s turn to shape the country’s foreign affairs during a time of rising Cold War tensions
    Impact of Warren Court
    • You need to review your notes and complete the worksheet on President Kennedy