The Cold War Thaws

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The Cold War Thaws

  1. 1. Chapter 17: Section 5 The Cold War Thaws
  2. 2. <ul><li>Joseph Stalin died in 1953 </li></ul><ul><li>Nikita Khrushchev takes power </li></ul><ul><li>Denounces Stalin’s actions </li></ul><ul><li>Destalinization: purging the country of Stalin’s memory including destroying monuments </li></ul>The wicked witch is dead! But Communism still lives. Destalinization
  3. 3. <ul><li>Hungarian army attempts to overthrow Soviet controlled government </li></ul><ul><li>“ No one wants communism”-Not successful </li></ul><ul><li>Brezhnev Doctrine: satellite nations may not reject communism </li></ul><ul><li>Czechoslovakia and Prague Spring </li></ul>Revolts in Eastern Europe Cut the communist hammer and sickle from the Hungarian Flag.
  4. 5. <ul><li>Treaty of Friendship 1950 (Stalin & Mao) </li></ul><ul><li>Shadow’s of Moscow </li></ul><ul><li>Khrushchev punishes Chinese </li></ul><ul><li>Fighting breaks out </li></ul><ul><li>Tensions lie on common border </li></ul>Soviet Chinese Split I HATE YOU! I HATE YOU MORE!
  5. 6. <ul><li>Brinkmanship: threatening to go to war due to enemy tensions </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. and Soviet Union were unable to meet </li></ul><ul><li>U-2 incident and CMC caused tensions to surge </li></ul><ul><li>Détente: policy of lessening Cold War tensions </li></ul><ul><li>Realpolitik: realistic politics </li></ul>Brinkmanship to Detente
  6. 7. <ul><li>Cold War tensions increased when in 1960 the USSR shot down a US spy plane over Russia </li></ul><ul><li>At first, the United States government denied everything </li></ul><ul><li>US was forced to admit when the USSR produced its remains (largely intact) and surviving pilot </li></ul>U-2 Affair
  7. 8. <ul><li>President Richard Nixon was the first president to visit Communist China in 1972 </li></ul><ul><li>“ We want the Chinese with us when we sit down and negotiate with the Russians.” </li></ul><ul><li>SALT (Strategic Arms Limitation Talks) </li></ul><ul><li>Nixon and Brezhnev signed the SALT I Treaty: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5 yr agreement that limited the number of missiles each country could have </li></ul></ul>Nixon’s Visit =
  8. 9. <ul><li>Under President Nixon and Ford, U.S., China, and the Soviet Union had better relations </li></ul><ul><li>However, Congress refused to sign the SALT II treaty after the Soviets invaded Afghanistan </li></ul><ul><li>Tensions arose as many countries began stock piling nuclear weapons </li></ul>The Collapse of Detente Better Relations
  9. 10. <ul><li>Moved away from détente </li></ul><ul><li>Increased defense spending </li></ul><ul><li>Put economic and military pressure on the Soviets </li></ul><ul><li>SDI- Strategic Defense Initiative: program to protect against enemy missiles </li></ul><ul><li>Never put into effect </li></ul><ul><li>New Soviet leader in 1985 began the final thaw of the Cold War </li></ul>Reagan Takes an Anti-Communist Stance

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