Terrorism 2010
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Terrorism 2010






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Terrorism 2010 Presentation Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2. Terrorism
  • 3.
    • A major threat to global security today is terrorism , the unlawful use or threat of violence to cause fear and to advance political, religious, or ideological goals.
    • Terrorists often intentionally target unarmed and unsuspecting citizens during their attacks.
  • 4.
    • Terrorism not modern phenomenon
    • Acts of terrorism far more common over last 200 years
    • Terrorism has been used to overthrow governments, fight for independence, or change society
    • The Middle East has become a focus of efforts against terrorist groups.
  • 5.
    • Number of worldwide attacks has increased over past few decades
    • Violence of attacks also increased, with few regions of world spared
    • Latin America, illegal drug trade
    • England, Irish Republican Army
    • South Asia, Tamil Tigers
  • 6.  
  • 7. Madrid 2004- Bombing of 4 Trains killing 191 people and wounding 1,800
  • 8. July 11, 2006. At least 137 people were killed and more than 300 others injured when seven powerful bombs ripped through crowded commuter trains in Mumbai Tuesday
  • 9.
    • July 2005 London bombings, also known as 7/7, were a series of coordinated suicide attacks on London's public transport system during the morning rush hour. The bombings were carried out by four who were motivated by Britain's involvement in the Iraq War
  • 10.  
  • 11.
    • Russia: Armed Chechen separatist terrorists broke in and took children and teachers as hostages. 331 victims killed, most of them innocent victims.
  • 12.
    • Since 1960s more than 14,000 terrorists attacks have occurred worldwide
    • The goal of terrorism is destruction of what they consider the forces of evil.
      • Evil may be located in their own country or in other parts of the world
      • Will use any weapon to rid evil
      • Willing to die for the cause
  • 13.
    • Is a recent development to terrorism
    • Hacking computer networks or spreading computer viruses
    • Fear: the more that we become reliant on computers, the more this type of terrorism will grow
  • 14.
    • Social and political injustice: People choose terrorism when they are trying to right what they perceive to be a social or political or historical wrong—when they have been stripped of their land or rights, or denied these.
    • The belief that violence or its threat will be effective, and usher in change. Another way of saying this is: the belief that violent means justify the ends.
  • 15.
    • Part of focus because of ongoing Arab-Israeli conflict; has history of Western colonial domination leading to resentment of West among some Arabs
    • Region home to radical Muslim organizations claiming Islam justifies terrorist attacks against innocent civilians
    • In fact terrorist actions contrary to Islamic law, condemned by most Muslims
  • 16.
    • 1980s, Hamas, Hezbollah, al Qaeda used terrorist tactics against Israel, Western nations
    • Hamas seeks to destroy Israel, create Palestinian state
    • Hezbollah supported by Iran, has primary goal of destruction of Israel
  • 17.
    • Iran’s support of Hezbollah—state-sponsored terrorism
    • Israel, United States, other nations consider Hezbollah terrorist organization
    • Other nations see it as legitimate resistance movement against Israel
  • 18.  
  • 19.
    • Common weapons: Bombs and bullets
    • Attack sites are usually crowded places where people normally feel safe
      • Subways, bus stops, restaurants, shopping
      • malls, etc…
  • 20. QW 5-13-10
    • Knowing that the Afghanistan is harboring terrorists, should the United States ever be willing to work with Afghanistan to create a friendship?
  • 21. Terrorists Methods (global scale)
    • Dangerous Weapons
    • Many countries possess weapons of mass destruction (WMDs), including
      • Biological weapons
      • Chemical weapons
      • Nuclear weapons
    • Can cause enormous amounts of destruction
    • Terrorist groups, governments seek to use for own purposes
  • 22. Terrorists Methods (global scale)
    • Biological Weapons
    • Made with organisms, toxins found in nature; easy, inexpensive to develop
    • Diseases, poisons like anthrax, plague, smallpox
    • 1972, more than 70 nations signed treaty prohibiting production, possession
    • Officials worry about biological attacks by terrorist groups
  • 23. Terrorists Methods (global scale)
    • Nuclear Weapons
    • Biggest threat to world in twenty-first century
    • During Cold War, U.S., Soviet Union, 60 other nations signed Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty, meant to stop spread of nuclear weapons
    • Nearly every nation in world has agreed to this treaty
    • At least eight countries known to possess nuclear weapons
    • Others believed trying to develop them
  • 24. Addressing Nuclear Issues
    • Legitimate Use
    • Difficult to control nuclear weapons
    • Nuclear technology can be used for legitimate purposes
    • International concern over development of nuclear weapons
    • Many countries making efforts to ensure nuclear technology used safely
    • Sanctions
    • International Atomic Energy Agency monitors countries suspected of developing nuclear weapons
    • Countries have placed sanctions —economic penalties, on nations considered nuclear threats
  • 25. High Level Targets
    • Terrorists might also target something that symbolizes what they are against, such as a government building or a religious site
      • Such target are chosen in order get the most attention and bring the most fear
  • 26. Attack on the United States
    • Morning of 9/11 Arab terrorists hijacked 4 airliners.
    • In a series of coordinated strikes the hijackers crashed
      • 2 of the jets into Twin Towers (NY)
      • 1 jet into the Pentagon (DC)
      • The forth plane crash in an empty field (Penn)
  • 27.  
  • 28.  
  • 29.  
  • 30.  
  • 31.  
  • 32. Lives Lost
    • All passengers on the 4 planes were killed
    • About 3,000 people died in the attacks
    • 340 firefighters and 60 police officers died
  • 33.  
  • 34.  
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  • 38.  
  • 39.  
  • 40. Impact
    • 9/11 had a devastating impact on the way Americans looked at life
    • Many felt everything had changed
    • Before Americans felt terrorism was something that happened in other countries
    • Terrorism was no longer a “real” threat, but a reality, Americans felt helpless and afraid
  • 41. Anti-Terrorism
    • The federal government warned that additional attacks were likely
    • Department of Homeland Security was created in 2002
    • Coordinates national efforts against terrorism
  • 42. Anti-Terrorism
    • Some charge that this new government office violates the rights of citizens
    • Government argues the validity of its actions, as during times of war, it is not unusual for civil liberties to be reduced
  • 43. Anti-Terrorism
    • Patriot Act
    • Detain foreigners suspected of terrorism for 7 days
  • 44.  
  • 45.