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Russian Revolution Part 2

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Part 2 of 3 on the Russian Revolution

Part 2 of 3 on the Russian Revolution

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  • 1. Quick Write 2-5-10
    • What were the four classes of Russian Society?
    • Which one had the biggest population?
    • Which one had the smallest population?
    • What language did Russian nobles speak?
  • 2. Revolutions in Russia Chapter 5 Lenin & Civil War
  • 3. CIVIL WAR: V S
    • Red army was associated with Bolshevik, communism and pro-Lenin
    • White army was associated with Anti-communism, loyal Czarists, and anti-Lenin form of Socialism
    1918 to 1921 White Red
  • 4.
    • The fighting and famine that followed killed 15 million Russians
    • Lenin’s Red Army won
    • 1921 Lenin launched a new plan to rebuild the Russian economy
      • Allowed some private ownership
    • Changed the government to the Soviet Union
    • By late1920s economy was back up
    Civil War Ends
  • 5.  
  • 6.
    • War and Revolution destroyed Russian economy
    • Industrial production stopped
    • Trade was at a standstill
    • Skilled workers fled to other countries
    • New Economic Policy-peasants could sell surplus crop instead of giving it to the government
    • Country slowly recovered after some small businesses and factories operated privately
  • 7. Revolutions in Russia Chapter 6 Political Reforms
  • 8. Political Reforms
    • Bolshevik leaders saw nationalism as a threat to unity and party loyalty
    • Lenin organizes Russia into several self-governing republics under central government
    • In 1922 Lenin names Russia the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)
  • 9. Communism Vs. Capitalism
  • 10.
    • The Bolsheviks renamed themselves the Communist Party after writing of Karl Marx
    • In 1924 the Communist created a constitution based on socialist and democratic principles
    • In reality Communist held all power
  • 11.  
  • 12. Old Flag of Russia Romanov's
  • 13. New Soviet Flag Hammer: Workers Sickle: Peasants Star: Communist Party
  • 14. Current flag of Russia
  • 15. Revolutions in Russia Chapter 7 Stalin Steelin’ & Shootin’
  • 16. Death of a Legend 1870-1924
  • 17.
    • “ More people have seen Lenin’s mummy than any other mummy in history. The man shuffled off this mortal coil in 1924, but to look at him today, hyber-embalmed and lying in an airtight glass coffin in his humidity- and temperature-controlled mausoleum in Red Square, you’d think he kicked it last week. Despite his requests for a modest burial, a few days after his death, a team of Soviet scientists began working to preserve him forever. This “body brigade” has been on the job for 85 years now, giving Lenin a thorough dusting and embalming touch-up twice a week, not to mention a new hand-tailored suit every eighteen months. Lucky stiff.”
    Mental Floss Magazine
  • 18.
    • Lenin died in 1924
    • 3.5 million visited his body
    • Lenin’s body was embalmed and tomb became a shrine.
    Cult of Leninism
  • 19.
    • His brain was sliced into 30,000 segments and stored for future study!
    • Statues erected everywhere, Petrograd was renamed Leningrad, streets and institutions named after him.
    Cult of Leninism
  • 20. Who will be the next Communist leader ?
    • After Lenin, there was intense competition for who would rule the Communist Party
    • Leon Trotsky Joseph Stalin
  • 21. Stalin wins!
    • Stalin takes over and exiles Trotsky to make sure he doesn’t pose a threat to his power
  • 22.
    • Changed his name to Stalin, meaning the “man of steel” in Russian
    • Came from a poor working-class background.
    • Initially trained to be a priest but was drawn into the world of revolutionaries. Read Lenin’s works.
    • Joined the Bolshevik Party around 1902, raiding banks to raise money.
    • Arrested and exiled to Siberia several times between 1902 and 1913, escaping 5 times.
    "Man of Steel” Ioseb Besarionis dze Jughashvili
  • 23.  
  • 24. Stalin takes complete control
    • By 1928, Stalin was in total command of the Communist Party
    • Forced Leon Trotsky into exile so he faced no threats
    • Stalin begins using absolute power as a dictator
  • 25.  
  • 26.  
  • 27.
    • Unites people
    • Forces popular support
    • Exercises absolute authority
    • Dominates government
    • Invokes fear to keep control
    Dictatorship
  • 28.
    • Business
    • Labor
    • Housing
    • Education
    • Religion
    • The arts
    • Person life
    • Youth groups
    Control over Society
  • 29.
    • Use of intimidation
    • Censorship
    • Persecution
    • Secret Police
    • Brain wash
    Enforcement
  • 30.
    • Demand loyalty
    • Denies basic liberties
    • Expects personal sacrifice for the good of the state
    Control Over the Individual
  • 31.
    • Forced into a specific job and expected to meet quotas
    • Food for the state before food for an individual and their family
    • Religion is not allowed, Communism is your religion
    • Personal messages are not private
    • Stalin should be praised
    • Strict censorship
    • Encouraged to expose those who do not follow the rules
    • Government controlled all newspapers, radio broadcasts, cinema, literature and art
    • Government controlled all education from nursery schools through universities
    • Trained youths to be future party members
    • Ethnic and religious persecution
    • Could be sent to labor camps at any moment even if no crime was committed
    How Communism effected the individual
  • 32. Stalin
  • 33. The Soviet Union Under Stalin
  • 34.
    • Stalin imposed control over the economy.
    • Goals of five-year plans
      • Build heavy industry
      • Improve transportation
      • Increase farm output
    • Command economy : government officials make all basic economic decisions
    Joseph Stalin Five-Year Plans
  • 35.
    • Oil, coal, and steel production grew.
    • Standard of living remained low as did wages. Workers not allowed to strike
    • Central planning often inefficient – consumer products scarce (clothing, cars, etc.)
    Effect of Command Economy